Forest Essay for Kids from Class 4 to 8

This essay on forest for kids of class 4 to 8 will help them to understand the importance of forest and its conservation..

Forest Essay for Kids

The importance of forest and its protection is a popular topic that students have to prepare for their examinations. This article is primarily for students from class 4 to 8 with an age group 7 to 16. The essay is in natural English language to prepare for the exam and even for any competition.

Table of Contents

  • 1.1 Introduction to Forest essay
  • 1.2.1 Save The Forest and Save The Environment
  • 1.3.1 Forest essay for kids – Conclusion

Forest Essay For Kids


Forest conservation is an integral part of environmental protection and even our academics these days. People are raising awareness about forest conservation using all the platforms, and the students’ academics is one among those.

Introduction to Forest essay

Forests covered almost a third of the entire planet. When we heard the word “forest”, it seems a large area covered with trees. Well, a forest is not restricted to trees only rather plants, shrubs, bushes, grass, etc. are also the vital parts of a forest. Various animal species also dominate it.

Forest protection and conservation have become a major environmental issue in the past few decades. Forest conservation is not an individual problem; instead, the entire world needs to cooperate in fighting against this global issue. “No life without trees”! it is the time to take action to protect forest resources for our upcoming generations to live healthily. 

Importance of Forest

Forests are the precious natural resources gifted by mother Earth. Many factors influence life in the forest, such as air, water, sunlight, etc.

The students looking for importance of forest essay can take reference from these points to write the importance of forest –


Save The Forest and Save The Environment

Forests are an important part of the environment. Being an excellent member of the environment, it is our responsibility to protect forests from destruction. World Forestry Day is an excellent opportunity to remind the world about the importance of forests and its conservation. We celebrate world forest day every year on 21st March to raise awareness about forest conservation.

Forest does not mean an area covered with trees, but it is a community that includes all the biotic and abiotic components. Many living organisms share habitat under the forest canopy. Many bacteria and fungi play an essential role in the nutrient cycle in the soil. Forests also provide multiple benefits in our daily life.  

Unfortunately, cutting trees is affecting the environment adversely. It is causing many severe effects such as an imbalance in carbon dioxide & oxygen in the atmosphere, increasing flood-like situations, polluting the air , etc.

Forest resources exploitation is resulting in the many problems for the survival of flora and fauna of this region. Eventually, the overall ecology of the planet gets disturbed. Therefore “Save forest & save the Earth”.    

Forest Fire – A Disaster For The Environment

It is a beautiful creation of nature to benefit life on the Earth, but sometimes it has to pay a lot (including flora and fauna) due to a disaster known as a forest fire. Forest fire also termed as a wildfire, is a big disaster to the environment. 

For example – the Australian bushfire that started since September 2019 was one of the worst experiences of wildfire in its history. This bush-fire was a significant loss for the vast biodiversity of this region.

As far as the causes of forest fire are concerned, it is caused due to both natural and human-made reasons. The natural causes are responsible for approximately 10% of all wildfires, and human-made causes cause the rest 90%.

The primary natural causes of forest fire include lightning and volcanic eruption. When a lightning strike, it can produce a spark that may lead to the forest fire. Similarly, when hot magma inside Earth’s crust expelled out through volcanic eruption in the form of lava, it can also cause a forest fire.

On the other hand, human-made causes of forest fire include smoking, unattended campfires, burning of debris, fireworks, machinery accidents, arson, etc.

The effects of forest fire are observed quite destructive. It may lead to loss of biodiversity, forest degradation, air pollution , soil degradation, destruction of watersheds, health implications on humans, etc.   

Conservation of Forest

The students can write down these ideas for the conservation of forests to score good marks in the exam. These points are quite satisfactory to explain the ways to conserve the forest essay. 

Reforestation and afforestation are the two essential methods to conserve forests for the benefit of the environment. Planting of new trees helps to increase forest area to maintain ecological balance in the environment.

We can implement a regulated and planned cutting of trees to avoid forest degradation. Cutting of trees can be done by implementing useful methods such as clear-cutting, selective cutting and shelterwood cutting, etc.  

Wildfire is one of the major reasons for the loss of forest area. Forest fire once started may transform into an uncontrolled situation. Hence, it is crucial to control the forest fire at the initial stage before it exaggerates to unstoppable. Trained fire-fighters and the latest techniques can be adapted to control a forest fire.   

A massive amount of trees are cutting down to fulfill the demand of paper needed for various purposes like books, newspapers, bills, etc. If we can minimize the use of paper, we can save trees from conserving the forest. To reduce paper usage, we can follow these practices –

More importantly, raise awareness among people sharing possible ways to contribute to forest conservation.

Forest essay for kids – Conclusion

Forest acts as the “lungs” of the environment to maintain the health of the atmosphere of the Earth. We depend majorly on forest resources to survive. The demands of these resources are increasing day by day with the increase of population. 

The increasing population is degrading the forest ecosystem and its resources like wood, oxygen, etc. and thus affects the environment. Hence, forest conservation must be practiced to save nature and life on the planet.

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Environment Essay | Essay on Environment for Children and Students in English

March 4, 2023 by Prasanna

Essay on Environment: The environment is the real world that has the living as well as non-living types of surroundings on the earth. It also refers to a particular geographical area. The plants, air, water, animals, human beings, and other living things exist in the environment. Atmospheric process, Geomorphic process, Hydrologic process are the factors affecting the environment. The Biotic process involves living organisms. Living organisms strongly connected with the environment which is known as Ecology.

An environment is a nature that nurtures our life on the earth. Everything which we feel, breathe, and eat in our life comes from the environment. Like land, plants, water, air, sunlight, forests, food, rivers, and other natural things come within the environment.

You can also find more  Essay Writing  articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more.

The environment has a complete cycle to maintain the proper balance on the earth. A healthy environment supports growing and nurturing the living and nonliving things on the earth. The existence of our healthy life depends on the environment which maintains nature’s balance. So, it is very essential to keep our environment clean to live a healthy and peaceful life. It is important to save our environment and maintain nature’s balance for the existence of life.

“We were born to help the world, Not to destroy it”

Environment Essay

Impacts on the Environment

Since human activities cause many impacts on the environment. So, an environment should be safe and clean, without it we cannot imagine the existence of our life in the future. Water pollution occurs due to the release of unrefined industry wastes and other unsafe elements into the water.

The air is polluted due to the uncontrolled discharge of harmful smoke from vehicles and industries. Soil and noise pollution also impacts our environment. The extreme secretion of greenhouse gases raised the surface temperature of the earth. This is the reason behind global warming. The existence of our life will become dangerous in the future on earth.

Nowadays, the food we are supplying to our body is not healthy since it has affected by the bad impacts of artificial fertilizers. These fertilizers reduce our body’s resistance power to fight against diseases causing microorganisms. That is why we can fall sick at any time even if we are maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Many health diseases and disorders increasing due to Water and air pollution. Environmental pollution is impacting negatively on many factors of our daily life. These are socially, economically, and physically affected factors.

Human Responsibility in Environment

The advanced technologies destroying the environment which results in the imbalance of nature. Harmful smoke exhausted from industrial companies daily is polluting the natural air. This air impacting the health of human beings, animals, and other living things as they daily inhale it.

In our busy and advanced lifestyle, we must take care of this type of small bad habits daily. It is important that everyone should put a little effort to bring a positive change in the destruction of the environment. We should take an initiative to make our environment safe and pollution-free.

We should follow some rules to make our environment clean and safe. We can get pure air, greenery, and water with peace and a serene atmosphere in our life from a healthy environment. A good environment brings happiness to our children’s life. An environment plays an important role in the development of society or an individual.

The quality of the environment is increasing by making laws against noise pollution. Also, inspiring the usage of public transport. We should stop using poly bags, throwing wastes on the road or in public areas. We can adopt the recycling of old things, repair and use broken things without throwing it. We can use rechargeable batteries or alkaline batteries, and fluorescent lights. We can also adopt rainwater conservation, reduce wastage of water, energy conservation, less consumption of electricity, and so forth.

People should take part in tree plantation to make a healthy environment. we are making noise pollution by listening to loud music which impacts the environment. Spreading awareness and inspirational speeches are not enough to save the environment. We must take a strong initiative to protect the environment.

Problems in Environment

The following problems occur in the environment due to the change in lifestyle and advanced technology.

Protect Environment

It is not so easy to protect the environment, it will take lots of energy, time, and effort. Everybody should come forward and work together to maintain a clean and healthy environment. We can protect the environment in the following ways:

Environment Essay Conclusion

Environmental pollution is negatively impacting our daily lives. The inventions of advanced technologies are providing comfortable in human life. But, these inventions cause danger for the survival of our environment. Pollution of the environment brings a lot of health diseases which human beings may suffer throughout their life. It should be considered seriously to make the existence of life on earth. It is a worldwide problem that can be solved by the nonstop efforts of everyone.

Everybody should come forward and take part in the environmental safety campaign. World Environment Day is an environment safety event celebrated on 5th June every year across the world. People and many organizations celebrate the day to know about the factors which destroy our environment. The motive behind celebrating the day is to spread awareness among people across the world. They should take positive actions for protecting the environment. So, it is the responsibility of every human being to save the environment. So that the next generation may enjoy the gifts of nature.

FAQ’s on Environment Essay

Question 1. What is the true meaning of the environment?

Answer: The ecosystem that includes all the plants, animals, birds, reptiles, insects, water bodies, fishes, human beings, trees, microorganisms and many more are part of the environment. Besides, all these constitute the environment.

Question 2. What are the three types of environment?

Answer: The three types of environment include the physical, social, and cultural environment. Besides, various scientists have defined different types and numbers of environments.

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Environmental Protection Essay

essay on environment class 4

Environmental protection essay is a great way to assist the little ones in understanding how to protect the environment. Environmental protection has emerged as one of the major challenges in the world for centuries and has always been important to humans. As of late, environmental protection has seen a dramatic change in environmental policy, primarily through the use of the law. One way that law is used to protect the environment is by enacting government regulations on air pollution and water pollution.

Environmental protection is an integral part of today’s society, but many people lack even basic knowledge on what they can do to help protect our environment. The destruction of the environment and the depletion of natural resources are significant issues that are ever-present. In this essay, there will be a list of ideas for participating in the fight against these problems. This essay on environmental protection describes the meaning and the importance of environmental protection and also teaches the right method to preserve the environment.

How to Protect the Environment Essay

Environmental protection is the practice of protecting the natural environment against various human activities that degrade, destroy, or otherwise reduce its quality for future generations. Environmental protection has become a widespread issue in recent decades as human pressures on the environment have increased exponentially.

There are many ways to protect the environment. One way to protect the environment is by recycling. Recycling is a way to reduce the carbon footprint and conserve natural resources. It decreases the amount of waste that goes into landfills, which causes less pollution to water bodies. Another way is to use eco-friendly products in your life. This can contribute to a healthier environment by reducing the number of harmful chemicals and toxins in the air, ground, and water.

One way to protect the environment is to be conscious of what you consume and how you consume it. Many factors affect the quality of our air, water, and land, but it is best to start small by always considering its impact on the environment.

Afforestation and tree plantation help protect our environment by reducing global warming, soil erosion etc. We can reduce the carbon footprint through carpooling instead of driving, which is cheaper and reduces our energy usage and emissions.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is environmental protection.

Environmental protection is the practice of protecting the natural environment by maintaining the quality of air, water, land or ecosystem. The effects that humans have on their environment create issues for the natural environment. This can include air pollution, water pollution, and degradation of land. Many people are involved with environmental protection through policies and regulations.

How to protect the environment?

Environmental protection has seen a dramatic change in environmental policy, primarily through the law. One way that law is used to protect the environment is by enacting laws on air pollution and water pollution.

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Essay on Environment in English for Class 1 to 12 Students

Dear reader, Welcome to is a simple and easy language learning English Grammar website, here you can find Parts of Speech (शब्द- भेद) , Tense (काल), Letter- Writing (पत्र- लेखन), Essay (निबंध), English Grammar (अंग्रेजी- व्याकरण), Voice (वाच्य), Sentence (वाक्य), etc. information can be found in simple and easy language. Today the topic we will read about is – Essay on Environment in English for Class 1 to 12 students in Short and Long.

Here we provided 5 lines, 10 Lines on Environment and Essay on Environment for Class- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 in around 100 to 500+ words that are easy to read and understand. I hope you like it.

Table of Contents

10 Lines on Environment in English

150 words on environment for class 1 and 2.

10 lines on Environment

100 words Short Essay on Environment for kids

Environment short essay in english for class 3.

The environment is a natural environment that helps develop, nurture and destroy life on this planet called Earth. The natural environment plays a big role in the existence of life on earth and it helps humans, animals and other living things to grow and develop naturally.

But our environment is being affected due to some bad and selfish activities of human beings. This is an important subject and everyone should know how to save our environment and keep it safe so that the balance of nature can be ensured to continue the existence of life on this planet.

150 words Short Essay on Environment for kids

Essay on environment for class 4.

As we are all well acquainted with the environment, it is everything that naturally surrounds us and affects our daily lives on Earth. Everything belongs to an environment, the air that we breathe every moment, the water that we use for our daily routine, plants, animals and other living things, etc.

An environment is called a healthy environment when the natural cycle moves shoulder to shoulder without disturbances. Any disturbances in the balance of nature affect the environment completely which ruins human life.

Now, in the era of advance living standards of humans, our environment is being affected to a large extent through air pollution, noise pollution, deforestation, water pollution, soil pollution, acid rain, and other dangerous disasters. Humans through technological progress. All of us should take an oath to protect it as usual to protect our natural environment.

200 Words Short Essay on Environment in English

Essay on environment for class 5.

We are surrounded by the environment all around. Wind, water, plants, animals, humans, etc. are all elements of the environment. Without the environment, any kind of life is impossible. The physical conditions and other characteristics of any country develop only from the environment. The place or country where the environment is healthy is equally healthy and developed.

The country is not called developed simply by making big factories, buildings, roads, etc. If physical development, as well as environmental development, will be given importance only then a country can progress. Otherwise, it will remain as a concrete forest. A healthy environment can decide the direction of any country. If anyone’s element of the environment is manipulated, its results can be very painful.

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But humans are still keeping their eyes on this side due to their development. We should keep in mind that a clean environment, It is very important to live a healthy life. Therefore, it is our moral duty to protect our environment and keep it healthy because we too can be healthy only. The environment has given us so much, now it is our duty to keep it safe for the next generation.

250 Words Essay on our Environment in English

Environment essay for class 6, introduction.

The environment includes all the natural resources that help us in many ways and surround us. It gives us a better means to grow and develop, it gives us everything that is necessary to live on this planet.

Our environment also expects some help from us so that we can cherish, live and never be destroyed. Day by day we are rejecting the natural element due to technical disaster.

World Environment Day and Environmental Safety Measures

To maintain life on Earth, we have to maintain the reality of the environment, the whole universe is just life on earth. Over the years, every year 05 June is celebrated as World Environment Day to spread awareness among the people as well as worldwide for environmental cleanliness and safety. To know about the theme of Environment Day celebrations, how to keep our environment safe and to know about all our bad habits that harm the environment, all of us should be part of this campaign.

Through the small steps taken by everyone living on the earth, we can secure the environment in a very easy way. We should reduce the amount of waste and throw the waste material where it is located. Plastic bags should not be used and instead of throwing some old things, they should be used in a new way.

See how we can reuse old things – use batteries or renewable alkaline batteries that can be re-charged, creating fluorescent light, conserving rainwater, reducing water wastage, By conserving energy and reducing power consumption, we can take a step towards the campaign to maintain the reality of the environment.

300 Words Essay on Environment in English

Environment essay in english for class 7.

The word environment is made up of two words “Environ and Ment or Cover”, in which Environ means around us, that is, around us, and ‘cover’ that surrounds us. The environment is the total unit of all the physical, chemical and biological factors that affect an organism or ecological population and determine their form, life, and life.

This day declared by the United Nations is celebrated to bring political and social awakening towards the environment globally. It began in 1972 at the World Environment Conference organized by the United Nations General Assembly from 5 June to 16 June. The first World Environment Day was observed on 5 June 1973.

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The biological components of the environment include everything from microorganisms to insects, insects, animals and plants and all the biological activities and processes associated with them. While the inorganic components of the environment contain non-living elements and their associated processes, such as mountains, rocks, river, wind and climate elements, etc.

In general terms, it is a unit consisting of all biological and abiotic elements, facts, processes and events that affect our lives. It pervades all of us and every event in our lives depends on it and is edited. All actions performed by humans, directly and indirectly, affect the environment. Thus, there is also a relation between an organism and the environment, which is interdependent.

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On the basis of human intervention, the environment can be divided into two parts, the first is the natural or natural environment and man-made environment. This division is in accordance with the excess and decrease of the amount of human intervention in natural processes and conditions.

Environmental problems such as pollution, climate change, etc. are motivating humans to rethink their lifestyle and now the need for environmental protection and environmental management is important. Today, what we need most is to make the general public and educated readers aware of the issue of environmental crisis.

400 Words Essay on Our Environment in English

Environment essay in english for class 8.

The environment is the gift of nature for the upbringing of life on earth. Every element that we use for survival all comes under the environment like air, water, light, land, trees, forest, and other natural elements.

Environmental pollution is a widespread problem

Our environment plays an important role in keeping a healthy life on earth. Yet our environment is being destroyed day by day due to man-made technology and modernization of the modern era. So today we are facing the biggest problem like environmental pollution.

Environmental pollution is affecting various aspects of our daily life socially, physically, economically, emotionally and intellectually. Environmental pollution gives rise to various types of diseases in the environment that a person suffers throughout his life.

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It is not the problem of any community or city, but the problem around the world and this problem will not be solved by the efforts of any one person. If it is not prevented completely, then one day life will not exist. Every common citizen will have to join the environmental movement organized by the government.

We all have to rectify our mistakes and renounce selfishness and protect the environment from pollution and be healthy. It is difficult to believe, but the truth is that small positive steps taken by each person can make big changes and prevent environmental degradation. By air and water pollution, various types of diseases and disorders are born which endanger our lives.

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In today’s time, nothing can be called right from the point of view of health, the food we eat is already affected by the bad effects of artificial fertilizer, due to which our body immunity is weakened. It helps the body in fighting diseases caused by microorganisms. Therefore, any of us can be diseased anytime after being healthy and happy.

The movement of urbanization and industrialization by mankind developed medical, industry and social sectors but transformed the natural landscape into concrete buildings and roads. Our dependence on nature’s strangers to get food and water is so high that we cannot survive without protecting these resources.

Due to all these reasons, urban pollution, industrialization and our behavior towards nature, environmental pollution is the major problem of the world and its solution is possible only with the constant efforts of each one. We should take part in the campaign for World Environment Day.

500 Words essay on Environment in English

Environment essay in english for class 9 and 10.

The environment is a natural environment, surrounded by all of us and which helps humans, animals, animals, birds and natural flora to live on earth. It is possible to develop a healthy person in a clean environment, that is, the environment is directly related to daily life.

Every reaction that our body makes is related to the environment, due to the environment we are able to breathe and receive pure water, etc., so everyone should understand the importance of the environment.

Meaning of Environment

The word environment is mainly made up of two words, Environ + cover. Environ means to surround and cover means covered, which surrounds us. The environment that we are surrounded by is called the environment.

Importance of Environment

We are from the environment, the environment is very important for everyone’s life because life on earth is possible only by the environment. All humans, animals, natural flora, trees, trees, weather, climate are all contained within the environment. The environment not only works to maintain balance in the climate and provides all the things necessary for life.

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Today, where science has promoted technology and technology and there has been a lot of development in the world, on the other hand, they are also responsible for the increasing environmental pollution. Modernization, industrialization and the use of growing technology have adversely affected the environment.

Man is harvesting plants and playing with natural resources due to his selfishness, due to which the environment is suffering a lot of damage. Not only this, due to some man-made reasons, but the atmosphere, hydrosphere, etc. are also being affected, the temperature of the earth is increasing and the problem of global warming is arising, which is quite dangerous for human health.

Therefore, understanding the importance of the environment, all of us should cooperate in saving our environment.

Environment and Life

The environment and humans are incomplete without each other, that is, man is completely fearless on the environment, without environment, man cannot even imagine his life, even though science has made great progress today, but nature There is no comparison to what has been provided to us.

Therefore, for the attainment of material happiness, the man should avoid exploiting nature. Air, water, fire, sky, land are the five elements on which human life is based and we get all these from the environment.

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The environment not only takes care of our health as a mother but also provides us mental happiness and peace.

The environment is an integral part of human life, that is, we are from the environment. Therefore, we should always be ready to protect the environment.

We all need to be aware of the environment. Strict laws should be enacted by the government on the indiscriminate felling of trees. At the same time, we should consider it our duty to keep the environment clean, because only by living in a clean environment, a healthy human being can be created and developed.

1200 Words Long Essay on Environment in English

Environment long essay in english for class 11 and 12.

It is very important to understand that the environment is climate, cleanliness, pollution and the total sum of the tree. Which is directly related to our daily life and affects it. As a result of scientific progress, the number of mills, factories, and vehicles has increased so much that nowadays environmental problems have arisen.

Humans and the environment are dependent on each other. If there is a slight change in our climate, then its direct effect starts appearing on our body. If the cold is more then we get cold but if the heat is more then we are unable to bear it.

The environment is the natural environment that helps to grow, nourish and destroy the earth. The natural environment plays a great role in the existence of life on Earth and it helps in developing humans, animals, and other living things. Human beings are affecting their environment with some of their bad habits and activities.

Environment refers to the environment around us and the elements contained in it and the living beings in it. We include air, land, water, animals, birds, plants, etc. all around us in our environment. The way we are affected by our environment, the way our environment is affected by the acts we do.

The trees cut down for the wood are ending the forest and the end of the forests is affecting the lives of the creatures living in the forest. Many species of animals have become extinct and many species are on the verge of extinction. Today, it is very common for lions or cheetahs to enter the village and harm the people living there.

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But why is this happening? This is happening because we have taken away their house from these creatures and now these beings are forced to move towards villages and cities and are harming humans for their living. Environment means not only the environment around us but also our social and behavioral environment. All the elements which affect human, are included in the environment, social, cultural, economical, biological and physical.

Causes of Environmental Pollution

There are many reasons for environmental pollution which affects our environment very much. Residues from man-made factories pollute our environment. But it is also not possible that in this race of development, we should ignore our development to protect our environment.

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Steps to Protect the Environment

The environment in which we live is becoming increasingly contaminated. We require that we maintain and protect our environment properly. In our country, the tradition of environmental protection has been going on for long. Our ancestors have protected them by considering various creatures as riding gods and goddesses in various trees.

Environmental protection is a process of improving the relationship between humans and the environment that has two purposes. The first is the management of activities that cause damage to the environment. Second, to make the lifestyle of the human being consistent with the natural system of the environment, so that the quality of the environment can be maintained.

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Smoke and substances from factories should be disposed of properly. Diagnosing the problem of pollution and filth is very much needed to protect our environment. Plants should be installed in all mills, factories, and commercial areas to control pollution.

Smoke and toxic gases must be expelled directly into the sky through these plants. There should be proper arrangement for maintenance of buses, cars, trucks, scooters in big cities and regular checking of them should also be done. Green plants should be planted and big trees should be protected.

Noisy noises should be limited and controlled for peaceful living. All men, women, and children should give their full support to protect the environment. There should be a provision of strict laws for the disposal of toxic and hazardous wastes. Public awareness should be made for the best use of resources.

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There should be less use of chemical pesticides in agriculture. Forest management should increase forest areas. Before starting the development plans, their impact on the environment should be assessed. The man should try to reduce this problem with his efforts.

Factories that have been established cannot be set up at other places, but now the government should take care that any new factories that are open should be away from the city. The pollution caused by factories should not affect the people of the city. The man should try to reduce the pollution caused by himself.

Vehicles should be used as little as possible. This problem can also be reduced by using public transport. Efforts should be made by our scientists to control the smoke. Felling of forests should be severely punished and new trees should be planted.

World Environment Day

World Environment Day is celebrated between 5 June to 16 June. On the day of the world environment, trees are planted everywhere and many works related to the environment are done in which June 5 has special significance. In today’s time, a man should strive to keep the environment balanced at his level.

It is not a matter of any one group trying to be free from environmental pollution. No rule or law can be overcome by applying this problem. If every person thinks about its side effects and the next generation, then perhaps this problem can be overcome.

Some state governments have also passed several laws to protect the environment. A Ministry is working for the protection of the environment under the Central Government. For the solution of this problem, public support can prove to be very helpful and useful. Lack of development and development processes also pose challenges. The search for a more viable future may only be meaningful in the context of a very vigorous attempt to eliminate the development of means of elimination.

Conclusion (निष्कर्ष)

So friends, hope you have understood everything, but if you have any problem then you can ask me by commenting below so that I can solve your problems. Just now you have read an Essay on Environment in English. Here we provided 100 words to 1200 words essay on Environment in English for class 1 to 12 that is easy to read and understand. If you want to read about any other topic, then you can tell me by commenting on the comment box or going to the Contact us page. My name is AK Sharma (Alok Kr. Sharma) and I am the owner or founder of this blog. I am a Blogger , Web Developer, Webmaster and Graduate (English).

2 thoughts on “Essay on Environment in English for Class 1 to 12 Students”

Good morning sir Alok Sharma. Thank you for sharing this to us. After reading this informative site may i ask your permission for me to use some ideas for im planning to make an artwork related to environment . Hoping for your approval and kind consideration. Thank you and more power to you.

yes you can

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Environment Essay

Environment Essay | Essay on Environment for Students and Children in English

Environment Essay: The world environment day is celebrated every year on 5th June. The environment represents the living and non-living elements present on the earth. It additionally alludes to a specific topographical region. The plants, air, water, creatures, individuals, and other living things exist in the environment. Climatic interaction, Geomorphic measure, Hydrologic measure are the variables influencing the environment. The Biotic cycle includes living life forms. Living beings are firmly associated with the environment which is known as Ecology.

An environment is a nature that supports our life on the earth. Everything which we feel, inhale, and eat in our life comes from the environment. Like land, plants, water, air, daylight, timberlands, food, waterways, and other common things draw near the environment. In addition, the earth is viewed as the solitary planet known to man that upholds life. The environment can be perceived as a cover that keeps life in the world-wise and sound.

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Short Essay on Environment 300 Words in English

The environment is all the things around us on the earth. What we see, feel, inhale, eat establishes the environment. The trees, the air, the food, the waterways, the streets, the plant life, the pastries, the deforested patches of ground, every one of them goes in close proximity to what we call the environment.

The environment upholds our day-to-day routines and the existences of different species. Also, it is a finished cycle that empowers living conceivable on the earth. The characteristic marvels encompass the endurance of species, there’s a requirement for understanding the environment we are altogether depending on. The natural way of life, the cycle of photosynthesis, and so on are the vital cycles behind the endurance of plants and correspondingly, plants are the purposes for our endurance.

Contamination is about the tainting of the environment we live in, it is likewise the human species that is solid, answerable for causing significant contamination, pollution, and damage to the environment. The manipulative methods of utilizing the assets have caused exhaustion in the accessibility of the assets. The supreme illustration of the equivalent is existing and going to be a significant water emergency.

The smoke from production lines, vehicles, cars, and so on becomes a significant explanation for air contamination. Also, diseases like commotion contamination, water contamination, a dangerous atmospheric deviation, ozone consumption, water spills, and so on have become exceptionally urgent at this point.

There is a requirement for getting the message out about the mischief the environment is going through. The laws on environmental care ought to be stringently carried out as well. The utilization of poisonous plastics ought to be cut, individuals ought to partake more in planting trees and seeing to it that the environment stays spotless and sterile around. Indeed, even Mahatma Gandhi would dream of a contamination-free, foulness-free India.

Long Essay on Environment

It is vital to comprehend that the environment will be environment, tidiness, contamination and the absolute amount of the tree. Which is straightforwardly identified with our everyday life and influences it. Because of logical advancement, the quantity of plants, industrial facilities, and vehicles has expanded so much that these days ecological issues have emerged.

People and the environment are subject to one another. In the event that there is a slight change in our environment, its immediate impact begins showing up on our bodies. Assuming the virus is more, we get cold. However, on the off chance that the warmth is more, we can’t bear it.

The environment is the regular habitat that assists with developing, feeding and annihilating the earth. The regular habitat assumes an incredible part in the presence of life on Earth and it helps in creating people, creatures, and other living things. Individuals are influencing their current circumstances with a portion of their negative quirks and exercises.

What is the Environment?

Environment alludes to the environment around us and the components contained in it and the living creatures in it. We incorporate air, land, water, creatures, birds, plants, and so forth surrounding us in our current circumstances. The manner in which we are influenced by our current circumstance, the manner in which our current circumstance is influenced by the demonstrations we do.

The trees cut down for the wood are finishing the backwoods and the finish of the woodlands is influencing the existence of the animals living in the timberland. Numerous types of creatures have become wiped out and numerous species are very nearly extinct. Today, it is exceptionally normal for lions or cheetahs to enter the town and damage individuals living there.

Yet, for what reason is this event? This is going on the grounds that we have removed their home from these animals and now these creatures are compelled to move towards towns and urban areas and are hurting people for their living. environment implies the environment around us as well as our social and conduct environment. Every one of the components which influence humans is remembered for the environment, social, social, affordable, organic and physical.

Reasons for Environmental Pollution

There are numerous explanations behind natural contamination which influences our current circumstance without a doubt. Deposits from man-caused production lines contaminate our current circumstance. Yet, it is likewise unrealistic that in this race of advancement, we ought to disregard our improvement to ensure our current circumstances.

We can save our current circumstance from pollution by remembering a couple of things. The fireplaces of the manufacturing plants are low, because of which the smoke radiating from them spreads to the environment around us. In the present time, the house doesn’t have many individuals as there are more vehicles. The small kid of the house additionally prefers to drive at the spot of the bike.

Smoke and harmful gases emerging from plants, production lines, and business regions have made ecological issues. There is a lot of smoke and harmful gas emerging from transports, charges, trucks, siphons, because of which the issue of contamination is getting more genuine.

Sewer soil gets stirred up in the water of the streaming waterways so that the drinking water of people and creatures gets grimy because of which both become casualties of shortcoming, illness, and genuine infections. Inhabitants of ghettos in large urban areas have made this issue truly.

Urbanization and modernization are significant reasons for ecological contamination. It has gotten normal for people to disregard the environment for their own convenience. Man has been chopping down trees without considering anything, however, he doesn’t believe that we get air from these trees to carry on with life.

Expanding the populace is an extremely significant reason for contamination in our current circumstances. The issue of living and eating in a country where the populace is persistently expanding is additionally expanding. Man doesn’t offer significance to the environment for his conveniences, however, he fails to remember that without the environment, his solace is just for quite a while.


Preventive Measures to Save Environment

The environment wherein we live is getting progressively tainted. We need to keep up and secure our current circumstances appropriately. In our country, the custom of ecological assurance has been continuing for a long time. Our predecessors have ensured them by thinking about different animals as riding divine beings and goddesses in different trees.

Natural assurance is an interaction of improving the connection between people and the environment that has two purposes. The first is the administration of exercises that cause harm to the environment. Second, to make the way of life of the individual predictable with the characteristic arrangement of the environment, so the nature of the environment can be kept up.

Smoke and substances from plants ought to be discarded appropriately. Diagnosing the issue of contamination and foulness is particularly expected to ensure our current circumstance. Plants ought to be introduced in all plants, industrial facilities, and business regions to control contamination.

Smoke and harmful gases should be ousted straightforwardly into the sky through these plants. There ought to be an appropriate course of action for the support of transports, vehicles, trucks, bikes in huge urban areas and normal checking of them ought to likewise be finished. Green plants ought to be planted and large trees ought to be ensured.

Boisterous clamors ought to be restricted and controlled for quiet living. All men, ladies, and youngsters should give their full help to secure the environment. There ought to be an arrangement of severe laws for the removal of poisonous and risky squanders. Public mindfulness ought to be made for the best utilization of assets.

There ought to be less utilization of compound pesticides in horticulture. Backwoods the board should build wood regions. Prior to beginning the advancement designs, their effect on the environment ought to be surveyed. The man should attempt to decrease this issue with his endeavors.

Industrial facilities that have been set up can’t be set up at different spots, yet now the public authority should take care that any new processing plants that are open ought to be away from the city. The contamination brought about by plants ought not influence individuals of the city. The man should attempt to diminish the contamination brought about without anyone else.

Vehicles ought to be utilized as little as could be expected. This issue can likewise be diminished by utilizing public vehicles. Endeavors ought to be made by our researchers to control the smoke. The felling of woods ought to be seriously rebuffed and new trees ought to be planted.

Governments have likewise passed a few laws to ensure the environment is safe. A Ministry is working for the insurance of the environment under the Central Government. For the arrangement of this issue, public help can end up being useful and valuable. The absence of improvement and advancement measures likewise presents difficulties. The quest for a more reasonable future may just be significant with regards to an extremely incredible endeavor to wipe out the improvement of methods for the end.

FAQ’s on Environment Essay

Question 1. How to write an environmental essay?

Answer: Start with an introduction, define the environment, factors causing environmental pollution, how to protect the environment, preventive measures are taken by the government, conclusion.

Question 2. What is the meaning of environment?

Answer: The biological system that incorporates every one of the plants, creatures, birds, reptiles, bugs, water bodies, fishes, people, trees, microorganisms, and a lot more are essential for the climate. Moreover, all these establish the environment.

Question 3. What is the importance of the environment?

Answer: Environment assumes a significant part in solid living and the presence of life on planet earth. Earth is a permanent place to stay for various living species and we as a whole are subject to the climate for food, air, water, and different necessities. Accordingly, it is significant for each person to save and ensure our current circumstances.

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Essay on Environment Protection for Children, Students and Others

Sri Chaitanya AITS

Our environment is getting deteriorated because of several reasons such as global warming, deforestation and rise in various kinds of pollution. Environment Protection has become a cause of concern.

Environment Protection is essential for the survival of human beings as well as other living beings. It is our duty to do whatever we can to protect our environment to ensure healthy living.

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Long and Short Essay on Environment Protection in English

Here are various essays on Environment Protection of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam. We have also given different essays on other aspects of Environmental Protection to help you with this vast topic. You can select any Environment Protection Essay according to your need and requirement:

Essay on Environment Protection – Essay 1 (200 Words)

From last several decades we humans have been degrading our mother earth & its resources on the name of development of technology. On the name of increasing our standards of living unknowingly we are on the way of hampering it further. Today we’ve come so far that it is no more a question of better living but it is just about living now.

Nature has an amazing quality of reviving itself against changes made in itself by natural and manmade factors, but there it has a saturation level too and maybe we have already crossed that. We have degraded it beyond repair. We have accounted to enough deforestation to imbalance the required ratio of carbon dioxide; we have impregnated the water resources with hazardous wastes enough that it cannot purify it further on its own. Soil has been degraded until the level it loses its cultivability. Problems are beyond the count and a perfect solution yet to be found.

We have gone too far and it is already too late. If we don’t start working now, we won’t have tomorrow to repent. It is no more a matter of protecting environment, but it’s about protecting us from getting into danger any further. It is the time to make amends with the nature so that it can grant us few more centuries of human existence in our home, Earth.

Essay on Environment Protection and Conservation – Essay 2 (300 Words)

Protecting environment is the moral duty of every human being on this planet, rather it’s not only protecting the environment indirectly it is about protecting ourselves from major loss. How ignorant can we afford to be when it is the question of our survival?

How to Converse Our Environment/Tips for Environment Conservation

So here are some of the things which we can do to conserve our environment:

These small things can go a long way in saving and protecting the environment.

Essay on Need and Importance of Environmental Protection – Essay 3 (400 Words)


Environment is degrading which means the chances for survival of living organisms on earth is decreasing. But there is still some stubborn mentality in some people that the environment is degrading naturally, so it will also recover or be back to normal naturally. This is a very wrong notion. If we don’t start protecting our environment now, then there is a huge possibility that we won’t be able to save our humanity in future.

To consider this problem seriously, let’s think about the possibilities which will arise due to environmental degradation.

Even after understanding the need and importance of protecting the environment and saving the planet if we don’t do our bit towards the same then it will be a big mistake on our part. We should take it as our responsibility to create awareness regarding this and do whatever we can to save the environment.

Essay on Importance of Protecting the Environment – Essay 4 (500 Words)

Good Environment is a pre-requisite for the survival of life on Earth. There are visible signs that it is getting degraded. Still, there are no visible changes in our lifestyles to stop the condition getting worse then what it is now. Things that are doing harm to the environment such as working in industries or factories, commuting via fuel-driven vehicles, using air conditioners, etc have become an essential part of our lives. The amount of energy that we are using is essential and there is no other alternative to it. Mentioned below is a reality check of how we are being the major contributors in environmental degradation despite being fully aware about the importance of protecting the environment:

So, we know how humans are the ones responsible for destroying the environment and killing the humanity. It’s time to acknowledge and understand the importance of protecting our environment and work in that direction.

Essay on Pollution, Environment and Environment Protection Act – Essay 5 (600 Words)

Environment is the surrounding in which the living creatures live and interact. Everything that is needed by an organism to survive is provided by the environment. It includes physical, chemical and natural forces, which are required for the survival of the living beings. Environment has been serving mankind since the beginning of the time, and continues to do so. But since the last few decades, nature is suffering at the hands of mankind, and payback for this has already begun. Recent researches have proved that if this imbalance caused is not made right the reckoning will come. This doom can only be avoided with staunch and effective measures taken for its revival as soon as possible.

Pollution and Environment

Our entire human existence is dependent on the nature itself. We depend on the nature for a tiny pin to the most complex man made constructions. Environment has come to our aid in every way possible. Ayurveda, a practice of medicine since ancient India which is completely dependent on natural herbs, is facing crises due to depletion of various species of plants. Species of various animals and plants have become extinct or on the verge of extinction due to unnecessary interruption in the ecosystem by the humans.

Ozone layer which prevents ultraviolet rays from sun to enter our atmosphere is getting depleted due to the increase in harmful gases causing pollution in the environment. Because of the increasing demands of the increasing human population, the pollution is increasing. Man started polluting the environment since the first fire was produced. From then to now, man has been polluting the environment in the name of development. Due to cumulative effect of ozone depletion and greenhouse effect the temperature on earth is rising continuously resulting in global warming.

As a result of which glaciers at the poles are melting and contributing to rise in the sea level, many major cities inhabited by humans are predicted to submerge in water in next few decades. Post effects of this environmental degradation are beyond our imagination, need of the hour is to preserve our environment in the best way possible, not only because it is our moral duty to do that, but because it’s our only to way to survive from the harm.

Due to exponential growth of population along with industrialization, the quality of environment is degrading. There is a crucial need for conservation and preservation of the environment.

Environment Protection Act, 1986

Environmental Protection Act is an act passed by the Parliament of India in 1986 in an attempt to protect and conserve the environment. This was enacted by the government after the Bhopal Gas Tragedy. It was a gas leak incident in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, in December 1984. It was considered as the world’s worst industrial disaster as the official immediate death toll was 2,259 and over 500,000 people were exposed to Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas. The purpose of establishing this act was to make people implement the decisions of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. It was for the protection and improvement of the environment and the prevention of environmental hazards.

Environment Protection acts have been put in place to stop people from damaging environment in the race of becoming better than others. Individuals just think about themselves. These acts are a way to make them realize that we are standing at the verge of environmental degradation. However, all these efforts will go in vain until the individuals consider saving the environment as their very own responsibility. We all have to come together, individually, to save our planet by saving our environment.

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Essay on Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution is referred to as the contamination of the environment with harmful substances.

We live in our small home and we clean it every day, on every occasion. But we forget about our main home that supports the lives of uncountable living organisms which is “our environment”. If the environment will be polluted how can we live happily in these man-made houses? We should keep our environment clean to live a healthy life on this Earth. The concern of environmental pollution is rising day by day. Therefore, today we will discuss Environmental Pollution in detail.

Short and Long Environmental Pollution Essay in English

Here, I’m presenting long and short essays on Environmental Pollution in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, and 500 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 to write effective essays in English. However, everyone can read this essay to know more about Environmental Pollution and its related issues.

Environmental Pollution Essay 10 Lines (100 - 150 Words)

1) Environment refers to the surrounding where we live.

2) Today, Earth is facing major environmental pollution.

3) The addition of toxic substances into the environment is termed as environmental pollution.

4) It can be caused by both human and natural activities.

5) It can make people sick with diseases and even can kill them.

6) Air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution, etc are its types.

7) It can result in acid rain, ocean acidification, global warming, ozone layer depletion, etc.

8) We can control environmental pollution through proper waste and sewage management.

9) Strict rules should be made to control pollution from industries.

10) An environment free from pollution will help to survive happily.

Short Essay on Environmental Pollution (250 - 300 Words)

Environmental pollution occurs when toxic substances get into the environment and disturb its balance. Most of these pollutants come from human activities. Human actions like burning fossil fuels, using vehicles, dumping industrial waste, cutting down trees and forests, and using a lot of plastic are some of the biggest reasons why the environment is getting polluted.

Environmental pollution is a serious threat to the health and life of people, plants, and animals, as well as to the atmosphere. Any living thing can only stay alive if the environment stays clean and pure. If the environment isn't clean and pure, it would be very hard to imagine life on Earth.

There are many different kinds of pollution, and they all come from different things. Air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, and noise pollution are some types of environmental pollution. Environmental pollution of any form is harmful and has negative consequences. Some of the most important effects of environmental pollution are:

Industrialization and modernization around the world have led to an increase in environmental pollution. Environmental pollution is a global threat that must be stopped by making new laws and following them to the letter. Some ways to stop environmental pollution are to use fuels that are better for the environment and to collect and get rid of waste in the right way. Banning deforestation and planting trees could be a better option. To protect the health and future of the upcoming generation, we must do what we can to stop pollution.

Long Essay on Environmental Pollution (500 Words)


An environment is the surrounding where we live and it is made up of many things, like air, water, land, etc. Environmental pollution is the release of harmful and poisonous substances into the atmosphere. As byproducts of industries, farming, building cities, and other similar human activities, these harmful substances are formed. People are the big reason why the environment is getting worse. Some natural things, like volcanoes erupting, storms, and so on, can also make the environment dirty. It's a problem that hurts the economy, people's health, and social life.

Types of Environmental Pollution

There are many types of environmental pollution, some of them are mentioned below:

Air Pollution: Air pollution happens when particles and other harmful gases are released into the air and make it unhealthy. The air we breathe is polluted by the smoke that comes out of factory chimneys and automobiles.

Soil Pollution: Soil pollution, also called land pollution, takes place when solid waste, non-biodegradable materials, chemicals, and other things are dumped on open land. Waste from cities and runoff from farms are the main things that pollute the soil.

Water Pollution: Waste from industries and sewage water is not treated well enough before being dumped into rivers and other water bodies, which results in water pollution. It is harmful to humans as well as aquatic life.

Noise Pollution: Noise pollution also called sound pollution happens when the level of noise in the environment gets too high. Noise pollution is caused by things like car horns, loudspeakers, music systems, and industrial activities.

Effect of Environmental Pollution

Environmental pollution has direct and indirect effects on people and other species. Human health has been majorly affected by pollution. Air pollution causes several respiratory and skin diseases. Water pollution is killing aquatic life and made the water more acidic. Pollution of the soil has made it unhealthy, with a pH that is out of whack and doesn't help plants grow. Environmental pollution can also lead to bad things like global warming, floods, acid rain, depletion of the ozone layer, etc.

How to Control Environmental Pollution?

We can control environmental pollution by opting for eco-friendly habits. We should use the 3 R's principle to save the environment that is Reuse, Reduce, and Recycle. Government should encourage the need to plant more trees, use less plastic, and minimize the use of pesticides. Waste products causing pollution could be stopped by making new rules for industries that are better for the environment. Switching to organic farming will also be helpful.

Environmental Pollution is one of the biggest problems our planet is experiencing right now. We consider Earth our "mother," so it's up to us to fix all the damage we've done to her. We need to make sure that our environment is safe and should find ways to reduce pollution.  Let's all work together to get pollution out of Mother Earth.

I hope the above provided essay on environmental pollution will be helpful in understanding different aspects of this major pollution.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Environmental Pollution

Ans. Movements such as Appiko, Save the Sundarbans, Chipko, Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA), Jungle Bachao Andolan, Climate Action Strike, etc. are some famous environmental movements.

Ans. Sunderlal Bahuguna, an environmentalist is considered the father of the Chipko Movement.

Ans. A common definition of an environmental activist is someone who participates in "environmental strikes" to raise awareness about the issues surrounding environmental issues.

Ans. Overpopulation, modernization, deforestation, industrialization, etc are some of the major causes of environmental pollution in India.

Essay on Soil Pollution

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Shweta Srivastava

Shweta Srivastava is a young, aspiring, motivated and hard working girl. She holds bachelor degree in computer science and engineering. She loves to write articles on IT and various other fields. Many articles and blogs written by her has been published on different social sites and blogging sites as well. She has positive attitude and always being loyal to her work. Shweta believes to have patience to achieve great results.

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Essay on Pollution for Class 4

Every time any harmful substance is included in the atmosphere it is referred to as pollution. It can turn the entire environment bad or sometimes damaging. There is a total of five variety of pollution such as noise, air, water, thermal, and soil pollution. Besides, with the growing rate of pollution, the methods to prevent it have also increased.

We are providing two essay samples for students of class 4 on the topic ‘Pollution’ for reference.

Short Essay on Pollution of 100 Words

The quality of life is extremely affected by pollution. Pollution is known to work in a way which is difficult to understand through naked eyes alone. However, pollution is present everywhere in the atmosphere.

For example, it is impossible for one to see any type of natural gasses through naked eyes in the atmosphere. In the same way, the pollutants that are drastically increasing and ruining the quality of air and environment are damaging for every living being.

Besides, these pollutants can also result in the drastic growth of the carbon dioxide which then increases global warming. Moreover, each day the quantity of pollutants present in the water is rising due to the wastes from industrial sectors.

Engage your kid into diverse thoughts and motivate them to improve their English with our  Essay for Class 4  and avail the Simple Essays suitable for them.

Long Essay on Pollution of 150 Words

Pollutants can tend to be critically harmful for all living being. Therefore, one must know the methods to avoid or reduce the spread of pollution. In order to decrease the pollution level, public transport can be utilised by the people to eliminate the smoke that originates from vehicles.

Moreover, people can also prevent using firecrackers in any celebration or festivals. As it will be helpful for eliminating both noise and air pollution. In addition, frequent recycling can also be helpful for entire environment.

People should also plant a greater number of trees since it will be useful for absorbing the gases that are harmful for the environment. The government can also take a step by reducing the amount of fertilizers that is being used.

So, each type of pollutants is damaging and hazardous and often lead to deadly consequences. Therefore, it is essential for every individual to attempt at adopting the methods to prevent the increase of pollution further.

10 Lines on Pollution in English

Frequently Asked Questions on Pollution Essay

Question. In what ways is the air polluted by the automobiles?

Answer. There are combustion engines present inside engines which makes use of both petrol and diesel. Diesel and petrol combustion can easily cause emission which leads to the formation of many types of polluting gasses.

Question. What can you understand by ozone layer?

Answer. The protective layer that is present in our atmosphere is known as ozone layer. This layer is severely affected by the increasing amount of pollutants in the environment.

Question. What is the proper definition of acid rain?

Answer. Acid rain is typically created with the combination of sulphur and nitrogen oxides with rainwater.

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Ms excel in hindi, make money online, finance in hindi, environment essay in hindi पर्यावरण पर निबंध, environment essay in hindi for class 5/6 in 100 words (paryavaran par nibandh).

Environment Essay in Hindi Paryavaran par nibandh

Environment Essay in Hindi for class 7/8 in 200 words

हम चारों ओर पर्यावरण से घिरे हुए हैं। हवा, पानी, पेड़-पौधे, जानवर, इंसान आदि ये सब पर्यावरण के ही तत्व हैं। पर्यावरण के बगैर किसी भी प्रकार का जीवन असंभव है। पर्यावरण से ही किसी भी देश की भौतिक परिस्थितियाँ एवं अन्य विशेषताऐं विकसित होती हैं। जिस स्थान अथवा देश का पर्यावरण स्वस्थ होता है वह देश उतना ही स्वस्थ एवं विकसित होता है। मात्र बड़े-बड़े कारखाने, ईमारतें, सड़कें आदि बना देने से वह देश विकसित नहीं कहलाता। यदि भौतिक विकास के साथ-साथ पर्यावरणीय विकास को भी महत्व दिया जायेगा तभी कोई देश तरक्की कर सकता है। अन्यथा वह कंकरीट का जंगल बन कर रह जायेगा। स्वस्थ पर्यावरण किसी भी देश की दिशा तय कर सकता है। पर्यावरण के किसी एक भी तत्व में हेरफेर होने पर इसके परिणाम बहुत दुखदायी हो सकते हैं। किंतु मनुष्य अपने विकास के चलते अभी इस तरफ से अपनी नज़रें बचाये हुए है। हमें ध्यान रखना चाहिये कि एक स्वच्छ पर्यावरण, स्वस्थ जीवन जीने के लिए अति आवश्यक है। अतः यह हमारा नैतिक कर्तव्य है कि हम अपने पर्यावरण की रक्षा करें और इसे स्वस्थ रखें क्योंकि हम भी तभी स्वस्थ रह सकते हैं। पर्यावरण ने हमें इतना कुछ दिया है अब यह हमारा फर्ज़ है कि हम अपने आगे की पीढ़ी के लिए इसे सुरक्षित रखें।

Environment Essay in Hindi for class 9/10 in 500 words

हम सब पर्यावरण के विषय में जानते हैं कि जो भी प्राकृतिक संसाधन इस धरती पर उपलब्ध हैं वे पर्यावरण का ही हिस्सा हैं और सब मिलकर पृथ्वी पर पर्यावरण का निर्माण करते हैं। इन प्राकृतिक संसाधनों में धरती, वायु, जल, सूर्य का प्रकाश, पेड़-पौधे, पशु-पक्षी आते हैं। इन प्राकृतिक संसाधनों की उपस्थिति से ही धरती पर जीवन संभव है। प्रकृति ने हमें यह पर्यावरण रूपी अमूल्य भेंट प्रदान की है। इस पर्यावरण से ही हमारी जरूरत का सारा सामान उपलब्ध भी होता है। हमें जीवन जीने के लिए जो भी आवश्यक वस्तु चाहिये वह इस पर्यावरण से हमें उपलब्ध होती है। जैसे सांस लेने के लिए हवा (ऑक्सीजन), खाने के लिए अनाज, फल-फूल, सब्जी एवं पीने के लिए पानी। इनमें से किसी एक भी तत्व के बिना मनुष्य एवं जानवरों का जीवित रहना असंभव है। पूरी सृष्टि में मात्र पृथ्वी ही ऐसा ग्रह है जहां पर संतुलित पर्यावरण उपलब्ध है जिसके कारण इस ग्रह पर ही जीवन संभव है।

प्रकृति द्वारा प्रदान की गई इस अमूल्य सौगात को मनुष्य संभाल नहीं पा रहा है। वह अपने स्वार्थ के लिए इसका अंधाधुंध दोहन कर रहा है और साथ ही इसे दूषित भी कर रहा है। इन सबके कारण धीरे-धीरे धरती पर पर्यावरण का संतुलन बिगड़ रहा है और धरती पर कई नई बीमारियों एवं आपदाओं का जन्म हो रहा है। मनुष्य की लापरवाही आगे आने वाली पीढ़ी के लिए धरती को रहने लायक ग्रह न बनाने पर मजबूर कर रही है। पर्यावरण के संतुलन में गड़बड़ी के कारण ही अस्वाभाविक मौसम परिवर्तन जैसे किसी वर्ष बहुत अधिक वर्षा तो किसी वर्ष बिलकुल सूखे की स्थिति, बहुत अधिक ठंड तो कभी बहुत अधिक गर्मी, भूकम्प जैसी स्थिति उत्पन्न हो जाती है। इस मौसम परिवर्तन का पूरे पर्यावरण पर प्रभाव पड़ता है जैसे कभी तो फसल ठीक हो जाती है पर कभी सारी बर्बाद, हर मौसम में नई-नई बीमारियाँ जन्म लेती हैं। खेती में रसायनों के अत्यधिक उपयोग के कारण मिट्टी के पोषक तत्व तो समाप्त हो ही रहे हैं, साथ ही साथ इनसे उगने वाली फसलों का खाकर इंसान बीमारियों का पुतला बनता जा रहा है। इससे पहले कि विज्ञान नई बीमारी का समाधान निकाले कोई दूसरी बीमारी ही जन्म ले लेती है। मनुष्य के स्वार्थ के चलते वायु, भूमि, जल सभी प्रदूषित होते जा रहे हैं और ऐसे पर्यावरण में स्वस्थ रहना तो मुश्किल बल्कि साँस लेना भी मुश्किल होता जा रहा है।

अब समय आ गया है कि मनुष्य अपने स्वार्थ के कारण प्रकृति की अमूल्य सौगात को नुकसान पहुँचाना बंद कर दे। अनियंत्रित दोहन कर इसे दूषित न करे और प्राकृतिक उपाय अपनाये। यदि मनुष्य ठान ले तो वह कई छोटे-छोटे उपाय अपना कर इस पर्यावरण को बचा सकता है। प्रत्येक शुभ अवसर पर पेड़ लगा कर, पूजा के नाम पर नदियों को दूषित न करके, लकड़ी हेतु वनों की सीमित कटाई करके, खेती में रसायनों का उपयोग न करके आदि। विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकी का विकास धरती एवं इसमें रहने वाले जीव-जन्तुओं के विकास के लिए अत्यन्त आवश्यक है पर पर्यावरण की कीमत पर नहीं। हम इन तकनीकों का उपयोग अवश्य करें लेकिन यह भी सुनिश्चित कर लें कि इससे हमारे पर्यावरण को किसी भी प्रकार का ऐसा नुकसान न पहुँचे जिसे सुधारना मुश्किल ही नहीं बल्कि असम्भव हो। (Paryavaran par nibandh)

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण पर निबंध Essay On Environment Pollution In Hindi

पर्यावरण दो शब्दों से मिलकर बना है – परि+आवरण। परि का अर्थ “चारो और” है जबकि आवरण का अर्थ “ढ़का हुआ” है। इसका शाब्दिक अर्थ हुआ कि वह वातावरण जिससे जीव जंतु चारो और से ढके हुए है, पर्यावरण कहलाता है। इस दुनिया में सभी जैविक और अजैविक तत्व पर्यावरण में आते है। एक तरह से कहे तो प्रकृति ही पर्यावरण है। मनुष्य भी पर्यावरण का अभिन्न अंग है। पेड़ पौधे भी इसी पर्यावरण के अंतर्गत आते है।

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण प्रकृति का अभिशाप है जो मानव के कारण होता है। इंसान ने प्रकृति में असंतुलन पैदा किया है जिससे प्रदूषण के रूप में प्रकृति का प्रकोप दिखाई दे रहा है। आज के समय मे मनुष्य को ना शुद्ध खाना मिल रहा है और ना ही शुद्ध पानी और हवा मिल रही है। यहां तक कि रहने के लिए शांत वातावरण भी नही मिल रहा है। पानी, हवा में प्रदूषकों के मिलने से प्रकृति के यह तत्व प्रदूषित हो जाते है। Essay On Pollution In Hindi में प्रदूषण के बारे में चर्चा करेंगे।

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण के प्रकार Types Of Pollution In Hindi –

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण के कारण Causes Of Pollution In Hindi –

Pollution के व्यापक और सर्वोधिक कारण मानव निर्मित है। इंसान आधुनिकता की हौड़ में प्रकृति का अत्यधिक दोहन कर रहा है। इससे प्राकृतिक संसाधनों में कमी हो रही है। जो संसाधन बचे हुए है वो भी प्रदूषण के मारे प्रदूषित हो रहे है। प्रदूषण का मुख्य कारण कल कारखानों से निकलने वाला जहरीला धुंआ और रासायनिक पदार्थ है। यह धुंआ वायु में और रासायनिक पदार्थ पानी मे मिलने से दोनों प्रदूषित हो जाते है। शहरों में बढ़ते वाहन भी प्रदूषण का एक कारण है। अत्यधिक वाहनों से ट्रैफिक बढ़ता है और उनसे निकलने वाले जहरीले धुयें में बढ़ौतरी होती है जिससे वायु प्रदूषण होता है। वाहनों के अत्यधिक शौर से ध्वनि प्रदूषण भी होता है। लाउडस्पीकर और कारखानों के सायरन से भी ध्वनि प्रदूषण बढ़ता है। वृक्षों की अंधाधुंध कटाई से भी प्रदूषण में बढ़ौतरी हो रही है। घटते जंगलो से प्राकृतिक सन्तुलन बिगड़ा है। ध्वनि प्रदूषण और वायु प्रदूषण में अत्यधिक वृद्धि का एक कारण वृक्षों की कटाई भी है। ज्वालामुखी, बाढ़, भूकम्प से भी वायु और जल प्रदूषण होता है। परमाणु विस्फोट परीक्षण से भी वायु प्रदूषण में बढ़ौतरी होती है। परमाणु परीक्षण से रेडियोएक्टिव प्रदार्थ हवा में मिल जाते है। बढ़ती आबादी भी बढ़ते प्रदूषण का एक कारण है। ध्वनि प्रदूषण, जल प्रदूषण, वायु प्रदूषण के बढ़ने का कारण बढ़ती आबादी भी है।

प्रदूषण की समस्या पर निबंध

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण का व्यापक दुष्प्रभाव होता है। प्रदूषण से प्रकृति की हर चीज विकृत हो रही है। वायु प्रदूषण, जल प्रदूषण और ध्वनि प्रदूषण से प्राकृतिक अंसतुलन पैदा होता है। रेगिस्तान की भूमि में विस्तार और कम होती हरियाली प्रदूषण के प्रभाव है। प्रदूषण से कई प्रकार की महामारियां पैदा होती हैं जो इंसानों और जानवरों को बीमार कर देती है। मनुष्यों का गिरता स्वास्थ्य का जिम्मेदार भी प्रदूषण है। वायु प्रदूषण से सांस सबंधी बीमारिया फैलती है। ध्वनि प्रदूषण से बहरापन और तनाव बढ़ता है। जल प्रदूषण से नदियों और समुद्रों का पानी प्रदूषित हो जाता है। इससे जलीय जीव प्रभावित होते है। कई जलीय जीवों की प्रजाति इससे नष्ट हो चुकी है। इस दूषित पानी से नहाने से चर्म रोग होने की संभावना होती है। प्रदूषित पानी पीना भी कई बीमारियों को न्योता देता है। उपजाऊ भूमि में प्रदूषकों के मिलने से वह भूमि बंजर होती जाती है। मिट्टी में कीटनाशकों के छिड़काव से भी मृदा प्रदूषण होता है। प्रदूषण के कारण धरती का तापमान लगातार बढ़ रहा है। ओजोन परत में हुए छेद का कारण भी वायु प्रदूषण है। ग्लेशियर के पिघलने से जल स्तर में बढ़ौतरी हुई है।

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण रोकने के उपाय How To Control Pollution In Hindi –

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण रोकने के उपाय से प्रदूषण को काफी हद तक कम किया जा सकता है। प्रदूषण को रोकने के लिए सभी देशों को एकसाथ आना होगा। प्रदूषण रोकने के लिए कड़े नियम बनाने होंगे। ग्लोबल वार्मिंग भी एक समस्या है जो बढ़ते प्रदूषण से और भी गम्भीर हो रही है। इससे निपटने के लिए वायु प्रदूषण को रोकना जरूरी है। सामाजिक जागरूकता भी एक अच्छा उपाय हो सकता है। पर्यावरण प्रदूषण के गम्भीर खतरों से लोगो को अवगत कराना चाहिए। यह हमारी जिम्मेदारी और फर्ज है कि हम पर्यावरण की सुरक्षा करें। शिक्षा से भी प्रदूषण की समस्या से निजात पाया जा सकता है। बच्चो को स्कूली सिलेबस में पर्यावरण के प्रति जागरूक करना चाहिए। प्रकृति का महत्व बच्चो की शिक्षा में अनिवार्य होना चाहिए। फैक्टरियों से निकलने वाले धुंए और रासायनिक पदार्थ को वायु और जल में मिलने से रोकने के उपाय होने चाहिए। प्रदूषण का मानक तय होना चाहिए। ज्यादा से ज्यादा वृक्षारोपण करना चाहिए जिससे प्रदूषण की समस्या से निजात मिल सकती है। पेड़ लगाना पूण्य कमाने के समान है। हम स्वयं पर्यावरण को गंदा करते है और अस्वछता फैलाते है। यह हमारा दायित्व है कि हम स्वछता रखे। स्वच्छता बेहतर जीवन देती है। हर जगह कूड़ा कचरा डाल दिया जाता है। यह कूड़ा पानी मे मिलकर उसे प्रदूषित करता है। कचरे के प्रदूषक हवा में मिलकर इसे प्रदूषित करते है।

पृथ्वी की सुंदरता को बनाये रखने की जिम्मदारी हमारी है। धरती को प्रदूषण मुक्त करना हमारा कर्तव्य है। प्रकृति का संतुलन बनाये रखने का दायित्व भी हमारा है। प्रदूषण फैलाने के जिम्मेदार हम खुद है और इसको कम करना भी हमारे ऊपर ही है।

पर्यावरण पर निबन्ध – Environment Essay in Hindi (detailed in 2000 words)

अंग्रेजी भाषा का शब्द “Environment” फ्रेंच शब्द ‘Environ’ से बना है । Environ का आशय आस – पास के आवरण से है । हिन्दी में Environment को पर्यावरण कहते है। ‘पर्यावरण’ शब्द दो शब्दों से मिलकर बना है। परि + आवरण = पर्यावरण। अर्थात् चारों ओर विद्यमान आवरण। पर्यावरण का अर्थ उन सभी प्राकृतिक दशाओं एवं वस्तुओं से लिया जाता है जो हमारे चरों ओर व्याप्त हैं। ये वस्तुएँ हैं – पृथ्वी, जल, अग्नि, वायु, वनस्पति व जीव – जन्तु।

इन सब प्राकृतिक पदार्थों का प्रभाव मानव के भोजन, वस्त्र, मकान, पेय जल तथा व्यवसायों आदि पर पड़ता है। यही नहीं, शास्त्रों व स्वास्थ्य-विज्ञान के अनुसार, मानव के शरीर की रचना भी इन्हीं पाँच तत्वों (पृथ्वी, जल, अग्नि, वायु व वनस्पति) से मिलकर हुई है। इन पाँच प्राकृतिक तत्वों के बल पर ही हम जीते हैं और जब हम मरते हैं तो हमारा यह शरीर भी इन्हीं पाँचों तत्वों में विलीन हो जाता है। क्योंकि मरने पर यदि यह शरीर कब्र में दफन होता है तो पृथ्वी से मिल जाता है और दाह-संस्कार होने पर पृथ्वी, जल, अग्नि, वायु व वनस्पति तत्वों में विलीन हो जाता है।

पर्यावरण के इन तत्वों के कारण अथवा सन्तुलित पर्यावरण के कारण ही पृथ्वी एक जीवित ग्रह है और पर्यावरण के इन तत्वों के अभाव में अथवा असन्तुलन के कारण ही चन्द्रमा पर जीवन नहीं है।

जिस पृथ्वी पर हम निवास करते हैं, सम्पूर्ण सौर जगत में उसे ही यह सौभाग्य प्राप्त है कि पर्यावरण के सभी तत्वों की विद्यमानता के कारण यहाँ जीवन है, अन्यथा सौर जगत में अन्य ग्रहों पर जीवन के प्रमाण अभी तक उपलब्ध नहीं हैं। पर्यावरण के ये सभी तत्व एक-दूसरे पर प्रभाव डालते हैं और विकसित होते रहते हैं। सभी जीव जन्तु भी इसी “पर्यावरण” के अंग हैं और मानव तो इस पर्यावरण की सर्वश्रेष्ठ रचना है।

हम जीते हैं तो इन्हीं पाँच तत्वों (प्राकृतिक पदार्थों) से हमारा पोषण होता है और हमारी सारी आवश्यकताएँ भी इन्हीं के माध्यम से पूरी होती हैं। स्पष्ट है कि पर्यावरण के इन प्राकृतिक अंगो का मानव के जीवन में भारी महत्व है।

पर्यावरण की परिभाषाएँ (Environment Definition in Hindi)

कुछ प्रमुख विद्वानों द्वारा दी गई ‘पर्यावरण’ की परिभाषाएँ इस प्रकार दी हैं –

(1) प्रसिद्ध अमेरिकन विद्वान हर्सकोविट्स (Harskovits) के शब्दों में, “पर्यावरण उन समस्त बाहरी दशाओं और प्रभावों का योग है जो प्रत्येक प्राणी के जीवन और विकास को प्रभावित करते हैं।”

(2) प्रसिद्ध जर्मन भूगोलवेत्ता ए फिटिंग के शब्दों में, “जीव की पारिस्थिति के समस्त तत्व या घटक (factors) मिलकर पर्यावरण कहलाते हैं।”

(3) प्रसिद्ध विद्वान तांसले के अनुसार, “चारों ओर पाई जाने वाली परिस्थितियों के उस समूह (set of surroundings) से है जो मानव के जीवन व उसकी क्रियाओं पर प्रभाव डालती हैं।

पर्यावरण के क्षेत्र अंग तत्व सन्साधन – Components of Environment in Hindi

पर्यावरण के अंगो या संसाधनों को निम्नलिखित 4 भागों में बाँटा जा सकता है –

(1) स्थल मण्डल (Lithosphere) पर्यावरण के इस क्षेत्र के अंतर्गत पृथ्वी की रचना, उसकी विभिन्न आकृतियाँ, मिट्टी तथा चट्टानें, आन्तरिक व बाह्य शक्तियों द्वारा पृथ्वी के तल पर किये जाने वाले परिवर्तन, नदी हिमनदी, वायु, भूमिगत जल, उर्जा तथा मानव-जीवन पर पड़ने वाले उनके प्रभावों को सम्मिलित किया जाता है।

(2) वायुमण्डल (Atmosphere) वायुमण्डल पर्यावरण का दूसरा प्रमुख क्षेत्र या अंग है। इसके अंतर्गत वायुमण्डल की बनावट, जलवायु व उसके तत्व, सूर्यताप, तापमान, वायुदाब विभिन्न प्रकार की पवनें, बादल व वर्षा के प्रकार, चक्रवात व प्रतिचक्रवात, जलवायु के विभिन्न प्रकार तथा इन सब तत्वों के मानव जीवन पर उनका प्रभाव सम्मिलित किया जाता है।

(3) जलमण्डल (Hydrosphere) जलमण्डल पर्यावरण का तीसरा प्रमुख क्षेत्र है जिसके अंतर्गत नदियाँ, महासागर, सागर, खाड़ियाँ, महासगरों के जल में तापमान व लवणता की मात्रा तथा उसके कारण, महासागरों के जल की गतियाँ, जैसे लहरें धाराएँ व ज्वारभाटा तथा समीपवर्ती क्षेत्रों तथा वहाँ के मानव जीवन पर उनका प्रभाव सम्मिलित किया जाता है।

(4) जैवमण्डल (Biosphere) जैवमण्डल पर्यावरण का चौथा तथा सबसे महत्वपूर्ण क्षेत्र है जो अन्य तीन क्षेत्रों से प्रभावित होता है तथा उन्हें प्रभावित भी करता है। जैव मण्डल क्षेत्र में (i) वनस्पति – उसके प्रकार, विशेषताएँ व वितरण, (ii) विभिन्न प्रकार के जीव जन्तु व मनुष्य, (iii) वनस्पति व जीव – जंतुओं का जलवायु से सहसम्बन्ध, (iv) पर्यावरण का असंतुलन, उससे संबंधित समस्याएँ व उसके निराकरण को सम्मिलित किया जाता है।

पर्यावरण के उपर्युक्त चार क्षेत्रों में जैवमण्डल क्षेत्र का सर्वप्रमुख अंग मानव है जो इन चारों ही क्षेत्रों से प्रभावित होता है तथा अपनी पूर्णशक्ति से उन्हें प्रभावित, नियन्त्रित एवं परिवर्तित भी करता है। पर्यावरण के अंतर्गत मानव को केन्द्र-बिन्दु मानकर इन चारों ही क्षेत्रों की क्रियाओं तथा अन्त:क्रियाओं का अध्ययन किया जाता है।

पर्यवरण में असन्तुलन व प्रदूषण

प्रकृति और मानव का सम्बन्ध आदि काल से रहा है। प्रकृति अथवा पर्यावरण के सभी घटक (जल, वायु, मृदा, खनिज, पेड़-पौधे, जीव-जन्तु व मानव आदि) अपने प्राकृतिक क्रिया-कलापों से वातावरण को स्वच्छ रखने का प्रयास करते हैं।

पर्यावरण के प्रत्येक घटक के अन्दर भी उसके अलग – अलग तत्व होते हैं। पर्यावरण के ये घटक अथवा उनके तत्व अपना प्राकृतिक सन्तुलन बनाये रखते हुए मानव के लिए स्वच्छ व सन्तुलित वातावरण प्रदान करते हैं।

किन्तु जब मानव की विकासात्मक क्रियाओं के परिणामस्वरूप प्रकृति के घटकों अथवा उनके तत्वों का सन्तुलन बिगड़ जाता है तो उससे सम्पूर्ण पर्यावरण में ही उथल-पुथल हो जाती है। तब कहा जाता है कि पर्यावरण में असन्तुलन तथा प्रदूषण बढ़ रहा है। इस असन्तुलन से प्रकृति की क्रियाओं में अवरोध उत्पन्न होने लगता है और प्रकृति क्रोधित हो उठती है।

पर्यावरणीय प्रदूषण क्या है ? पर्यावरण प्रदूषण मानवीय क्रियाओं से जल, वायु, एवं मृदा की भौतिक, रासायनिक एवं जैविक विशेषताओं में होने वाला वह अवान्छनीय परिर्वतन है जो मनुष्य, पौधों, अन्य जन्तुओं तथा उनके वातावरण आदि को न केवल हानि पहुँचाता है बल्कि उनके अस्तित्व को भी संकट में डाल देता है।

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण के प्रकार – Kinds of Environmental Pollution in Hindi

मानव को आज जिस प्रकार के प्रदूषण के संकट का सामना करना पड़ रहा है, उनमें निम्नलिखित प्रमुख हैं –

(1) जल प्रदूषण (Water Pollution)

(2) वायु प्रदूषण (Air Pollution)

(३) मृदा प्रदूषण (Soil Pollution)

(4) ध्वनि प्रदूषण (Sound Pollution)

(5) रेडियोधर्मी प्रदूषण (Radio-active Pollution)

(6) खाद्य प्रदूषण (Food Pollution)

पर्यावरण-प्रदूषण की प्रक्रिया व उदाहरण

पर्यावरण मानव की सभी क्रियाओं पर प्रभाव डालता है। इसीलिये कहा जाता है कि मनुष्य अपनी प्राकृतिक परिस्थितियों की उपज है। मनुष्य का भोजन, वस्त्र व मकान आदि सब प्राकृतिक परिस्थितियों के अनुसार ही होते हैं। किन्तु दूसरी ओर मनुष्य भी अपनी क्रियाओं से वातावरण को प्रभावित करता है। उदहारण के लिए, मनुष्य ने नदियों पर बाँध बनाकर बिजली पैदा की। सिंचाई द्वारा मरुस्थल में भी खेती की। वनों को साफ कर नगर बसाये। अपनी सूझ – बूझ से सीढ़ीदार खेत बनाकर उसने पहाड़ों पर भी खेती कर दिखाई। उसने तीव्र गर्मी को कूलर द्वारा ठंड में और तीव्र ठंड को हीटर द्वारा गर्मी में बदल दिया।

किन्तु जब मानव सीमा का अतिक्रमण करता है और पर्यावरण के संसाधन की कमी होने के बावजूद उसके स्वास्थ्य व सन्तुलन का ध्यान न रखते हुए उसका दोहन जारी रखता है तो इससे पर्यावरण के उस घटक का ह्रास होने लगता है और उसकी क्रियाशीलता घट जाती है तथा पर्यावरण असन्तुलित हो जाता है।

उदाहरण के लिए, यदि तीव्र गति से बढ़ती हुई जनसंख्या की आवश्यकताओं को पूरा करने के लिए मानव मिट्टी का असीमित उपयोग बढ़ाता चला जाए और उत्पादन बढ़ाने के लिए रासायनिक खादों व कीटनाशक का अनियंत्रित प्रयोग करता रहे तो एक दिन स्थिति वह आ सकती है कि मिट्टी का कस ही निकल जाए, उसकी उत्पादकता व गुणवत्ता घट जाए तथा वह बाँझ व ऊसर हो जाए।

मानवीय क्रियाओं का अधिक दबाव पड़ने के कारण पर्यावरण के घटकों का ह्रास होने लगता है। उनकी क्रियाशीलता घट जाती है जिससे मानव की मूलभूत आवश्यकताओं की पूर्ति में बाधा पड़ती है।

इसीलिए मार्क्स ने कहा था कि, “प्रकृति के प्रति मानव के शत्रुतापूर्ण व्यवहार से ही पर्यावरण का ह्रास होता है। यदि पर्यावरण के साथ सहयोग व संयम का व्यवहार किया जाए तो छोटी – मोटी क्षति को तो प्रकृति स्वयं ही पूरा कर लेती है।”

महात्मा गाँधी ने कहा था कि, “प्रकृति हमारी आवश्यकताओं को तो पूरा कर सकती है किन्तु हमारे लालच को नहीं।”

पर्यावरण का मानव जीवन पर प्रभाव

पर्यावरण के संसाधन या घटक जितने स्वच्छ व निर्मल होंगे, उतना ही हमारा शरीर तथा मन स्वच्छ तथा स्वस्थ होगा। इसलिए हमारे ऋषि – मुनियों ने हजारों वर्ष पूर्व कहा था कि “प्रकृति हमारी माँ है जो सभी कुछ अपने बच्चों को अर्पण कर देती है।”

चाणक्य ने कहा था कि “राज्य की स्थिरता पर्यावरण की स्वच्छता पर निर्भर करती है।”

औषधि विज्ञान के आदि गुरु चरक ने कहा था कि “स्वस्थ जीवन के लिए शुद्ध वायु, जल तथा मिट्टी आवश्यक कारक हैं।”

महाकवि कालिदास ने ‘अभिज्ञान शाकुन्तलम‘ तथा ‘मेघदूत‘ जैसे अमर काव्यों में भी मन पर पर्यावरण के प्रभाव को दर्शाया है।

लेकमार्क तथा डार्विन जैसे सुविख्यात वैज्ञानिकों ने भी पर्यावरण को जीवों के विकास में महत्वपूर्ण कारक माना है।

अत: यदि पर्यावरण या प्राकृतिक वातावरण प्रदूषित होता है तो उसका प्रतिकूल प्रभाव जीव जगत पर निश्चित ही पड़ेगा। आज के भौतिक विचारधारा के कारण अपनी सुख – सुविधा के साधनों में अधिकाधिक वृद्धि की लालसा में मनुष्य मानो पर्यावरण या प्राकृतिक सम्पदाओं की लूट पर उतर आया है। इसी बेदर्द और अविवेकपूर्ण दोहन का परिणाम है ‘पर्यावरण प्रदूषण’।

पर्यावरण-प्रदूषण विज्ञान और प्रोद्योगिकी की देन है, महानगरीय जीवन की सौगात है,विशाल उद्योगों की समृद्धि का बोनस है, मानव को मृत्यु के मुँह में धकेलने की अनचाही चेष्टा है। रोगों को शरीर में प्रवेश करने का मौन निमंत्रण है, और प्राणीमात्र के अमंगल की अप्रत्यक्ष कामना है।

ऑक्सीजन जीवन के लिए अत्यन्त आवश्यक है क्योंकि श्वसन के लिये सभी जीवों द्वारा इसका उपयोग किया जाता है। किन्तु पर्यावरण-प्रदूषण के कारण पिछले 100 वर्षों में लगभग 24 लाख टन ऑक्सीजन वायुमण्डल से समाप्त हो चुकी है और उसकी जगह 36 लाख टन कार्बनडाई-ऑक्साइड गैस ले चुकी है जिसके कारण तामपान बढ़ रहा है।

जून 1988 में 48 देशों के 300 वैज्ञानिकों ने टोरेन्टो सम्मेलन में पर्यावरण संरक्षण के विषय पर विचार – विमर्श किया तथा पर्यावरण के प्रदूषण और बदलाव के विषय में विश्व को चेतावनी देते हुए कहा कि “पर्यावरण-प्रदूषण से मौसम का बदलाव, अत्यधिक गर्मी, सूखा, पानी की कमी, बर्फीली चोटियों का पिघलना, समुद्र का जलस्तर ऊँचा उठना जिससे समुद्र तट के पास बसे शहरों में बाढ़ आना आदि खतरे उत्पन्न होंगे जिनका प्रभाव फसलों पर बुरा होगा तथा शारीरिक विकार व रोगों में बृद्धि होगी और वह मानव-जीवन की विनाश-लीला का प्रारम्भ होगा।”

सत्य भी है यदि सांस लेने को शुद्ध हवा न मिले, पीने को स्वच्छ जल न मिले, उसका भोजन ही प्रदूषित हो जाये तो सारा आर्थिक विकास और औद्योगिक प्रगति किस काम की।

अत: हमें यह अवश्य सुनिश्चित करना होगा कि विकास कार्यों से पर्यावरण सन्तुलन को क्षति न पहुँचे, क्योंकि इस प्रकार की क्षति से न केवल विकास की गति अवरुद्ध होगी, बल्कि भोजन, वस्त्र ईंधन, चारे और आश्रय के लिये पर्यावरण पर निर्भर रहने वाले प्राणियों की गरीबी व अभावों में और अधिक बृद्धि होगी।

मानव-जाति ने प्रकृति पर पिछले दौर में जो अत्याचार किये हैं, अब प्रकृति ने भी बड़े बेरहमी से उनका बदला लेना शुरू कर दिया है। भारत का भोपाल गैस काण्ड तथा रूस का चेर्नोबिल गैस काण्ड इसके भयावह उदाहरण है।

निश्चय ही, “हवा, पानी और मिट्टी में दिन-रात घुलते जा रहे प्रदूषण के जहर ने आज विश्व को उस मुकाम पर लाकर खड़ा कर दिया है, जहाँ से आगे तबाही के सिवा कुछ नहीं है।”

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CBSE Class 8 Science Question Paper - Set 4


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