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15 Fascinating Facts About Australia

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

The land down under is a fascinating place. For many years Australia was isolated from the rest of the world. As a result, the animals and trees of Australia look and act differently than those found in other parts of the planet. Check out these fascinating factors for more information about Australia.

Canberra’s Design Is the Result of a Competition

Although Melbourne was a temporary seat of government in Australia, the country decided to create a new city to serve as the capital. The politicians wanted a city that had pleasant weather and was not near the water. Walter Burley Griffin won the city design competition, and his city officially received its name in 1913.

Australia Is Home to Some of the World’s Most Unique Animals

Mammals with bills. Spiders that play peek-a-boo. The animals and birds of Australia are unlike anything you find anywhere else on Earth. There are more than 378 types of mammals, 828 birds, 300 lizards and 140 snakes.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Australia Has Several Types of Rainforests

The northern portion of Australia is in the tropics, and that’s where you find the country’s tropical rainforest. There is also a subtropical rainforest near the mid-eastern coast and a broadleaf rainforest in the southeastern part of the country.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

And Deserts

It may be surrounded by water, but Australia is the second driest continent on the planet. Deserts cover the country’s western plateau and parts of the interior. The largest of these deserts is the Great Victoria Desert.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

The Earliest European Settlers Were Criminals

The Europeans arrived in the 17th century. Most of these people were sent to Australia as punishment for crimes they committed in England. For more than 60 years, England used Australia as its largest prison.

Australia Has One of the World’s Most Ethnically Diverse Populations

It’s true that most Australians are of British descent, but there is still a lot of diversity in the country. Immigrants from China, Vietnam, North Africa and the Middle East call the country home. They speak more than 200 languages across the island. Australians Aren’t Sure Who Is the Head of State

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Australians Aren’t Sure Who Is the Head of State

The United Kingdom claimed Australia in the 1800s despite the fact that people had been living there for thousands of years. For most of the 1900s the island was a commonwealth of the UK, but it gained legislative independence in 1986. However, there’s still some debate about whether the British monarchy is still the official head of state.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Australia Is the World’s Largest Producer of Gold

In 2018, U.S. Global Investors ranked Australia number two in the world in terms of gold production. It produced 295.1 tonnes of the precious metal in the previous year. It’s been big business in the country since the 19th century gold rush.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

The Pacemaker Was Invented in Australia

1926, Dr. Mark Lidwill built a portable machine that sent a jolt of electricity into the heart through needles. He used this machine to revive a stillborn baby.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Some of Earth’s Most Deadly Species Call Australia Home

You’ll find 20 species of venomous snakes and 36 species of funnel-web spiders on the island continent. The funnel-web spider produces enough venom to kill 100 people with a single bite. Its jaws are also strong enough to bite through gloves.

Australia Has Many Different Time Zones

Understanding time zones in Australia takes a little work. First, there are five standard time zones across the island. The time zones range from a quarter-hour to a full hour time difference. Some territories within the time zones observe daylight savings; others do not.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Feral Camels Roam Australia’s Desert

In the 19th century, Australians imported camels to use as transportation in the desert. The descendants of these camels still live in the desert. Guinness World Records estimated that 300,000,000 camels were roaming the desert in 2013.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Australia Is the Only Single Country Continent on the Planet

It’s the sixth largest country in the world, but Australia is also the smallest continent. The continent rests on the Indo-Australian plate, surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. In addition to the mainland, the continent also includes smaller islands off the coast.

Everyone Votes in Australia

Voting is mandatory under Australian law. Failure to show up at the polls leads to a fine, so election turnout usually exceeds 90 percent of the population. Many Australians don’t seem to mind though. Voting day is a community party complete with a barbecue featuring democracy sausages.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Australian Termites Build Massive Mounds

One of the more popular sites in Litchfield National Park are the magnetic termite mounds. These tall, narrow structures, which can reach 17 feet tall, are termite cities complete with nursery rooms, insulation, tunnels and arches.


persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

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Oral Presentation Topics 2022

Nila Nagarajah

August 1, 2022

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

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Go ahead and tilt your mobile the right way (portrait). the kool kids don't use landscape....

We’ve come to that time in the year when everyone is scrambling to find the perfect Oral Presentation topic. Choosing the best topic for you is easily the most difficult part of this SAC, so to hopefully ease the burden, I’ve crafted this list with the latest and biggest global debates. My two biggest pieces of advice are NOT to choose an overly complex subject and NOT to choose anything you don’t really understand. A simple idea that is argued effectively works far better than a complex idea argued poorly. Moreover, find a topic that you are genuinely passionate about; regardless of what your ideas are, your passion is the key to success.

That being said, if you are currently struggling to find some inspiration, have a read of the following oral topics that will hopefully bring light to the relevant and pressing issues of the world.

If you haven’t already, check out our Ultimate Guide to Oral Presentations for some general tips and tricks to get you started!

1. Not enough is being done to address gender discrimination, violence and inequality in Australia

We are lucky to live in a country where gender discrimination is on the decline, and where we’re progressively making our way towards equality. Unfortunately, we haven’t quite reached it yet. Gender discrimination and sexist ideologies slowly make their way through our school locker rooms, into our classrooms, across our halls, and most tragically, into our homes. Do we really focus on fixing these issues from youth through education, or are the government and media just letting these problems run their course?

 The key thing to focus on is the barriers still present in society that are preventing us from reaching true equality. Search for famous female figures in Australia and the struggles they had to overcome solely based on their gender like Julia Gillard, Grace Tame and Nicole Kidman. Moreover, in a country as advanced and progressive as Australia, why are hundreds of women continuing to be murdered in domestic abuse disputes? It’s these terrifying statistics that demonstrate how far we have to go as a country, and how quickly we need action.

2. Addressing the ‘Climatic Catastrophe’ is being hindered by climate scepticism and multimillion-dollar corporations

Climate change. A buzzword for the top problem of the future. Even now, we’re feeling the terrible effects of the heating climate - floods, droughts and life-changing bush fires that have misplaced thousands of Aussies. A problem this big should require immediate action, right?

Well, two things are preventing us from slowing the changing climate and growing emissions. Firstly, Australia is clearly over-reliant on the coal industry. It is our top export after all, and our mining industry always proves to be a ‘booming success’. Not to mention the several ‘generous’ donations provided from multimillion-dollar fuel corporations to several of our own government parties.

Secondly, there seems to be certain online rhetoric that perpetuates false information. Otherwise known as ‘climate scepticism’, there are people who genuinely believe that climate change is a ‘hoax’ and not worth the time or effort to address. Think about the impact that the spreading of this misinformation can do. 

3. Are we too reliant on fossil fuels?

The Russian war against Ukraine has had several terrible impacts across the world, affecting countries that weren’t even involved in the conflict to begin with. You may have heard your parents complain about the soaring fuel prices, or even had to cash out almost double for petrol yourself. The main reason for this is Australia’s reliance on fuel imports from Russia, which have quite obviously been disrupted.

This brings forward an important question, are we too reliant on fossil fuels as a nation? Imagine if we had made the switch to electric cars even just a few years earlier. I have a feeling our transport situation would be significantly better. Think about the policies we would need to introduce to become greener and more self-sufficient.

4. Indigenous injustices and deaths in custody are still being ignored

WARNING: This topic contains descriptions and the name of a recently deceased Indigenous person .

Veronica Nelson, a 37-year-old Indigenous woman, died whilst in custody after calling out 40 times for help from prison staff while being tragically ignored. Her unjust death evaded all sorts of media attention until her recent coroner’s report was revealed. According to doctors, if she had simply received medical attention that night, she would still be here with us today. Unfortunately, this is not an isolated issue.

Hundreds of reports of police brutality, deaths in custody and compliant media sources have been covered up or callously ignored. Take a look at the recent Royal Commission into the almost 500 Indigenous deaths in custody. What can we do as a nation to prevent further harm to our First Nation People?

5. Are social media ‘influencers’ skewing our perceptions of reality?

There’s no denying it, social media is one of the most influential platforms across the world. We often look towards celebrities and new ‘influencers’ for inspiration, life advice and familiarity. Especially coming out of the pandemic, these influencers have been a source of comfort for many during lockdowns. Unfortunately, lives are easy to fake and we are left wondering whether the people we look up to in the social media world are creating unrealistic expectations for us. Are they gaining profit at the expense of our mental health, or do they genuinely care for human connection?

6. Overconsumption in the fashion world: SHEIN, Fashion Nova and more

Online shopping is becoming our new reality, but rapidly growing fashion trends have led to mass production and inhumane outsourcing of labour. Think about the new fast fashion outlets that opened in Melbourne. Should we really be giving a retail platform to businesses that exploit workers and tailors, consistently produce poor-quality clothes and contribute to extensive land pollution? We’ve experienced huge clothing turnover over the past decade, contributing to one of our biggest land-fill issues at the moment. The emphasis on the constant need for more ‘trendy’ pieces results in items of clothing being poorly produced and going ‘out of fashion’ faster and consequently getting thrown out at the end of a new season. Fast fashion is an affordable option for many, but it comes at a cost of underpaid labour and pollution. How can society work towards finding the middle ground, so that everyone benefits and more importantly, what individual efforts can be made to ensure this?

7. Alcohol consumption amongst youths is becoming increasingly normalised

Everyone knows about the impact of alcohol on the body and mind, especially when it is consumed under age. Yet, binge drinking in Australia is a common weekend occurrence for students and is constantly normalised at social gatherings. Turning 18 and officially becoming an adult is exciting for many because of the prospect of finally being able to legally purchase and consume alcohol. However, even now, the long-term effects of alcohol have been proven to be the same as certain drugs and yet, it is heavily marketed by various companies, particularly to young Australians (Cassidy, 2021).

Many healthcare professionals stress that we need to work on reducing the culture of heavy drinking in Australia by increasing awareness of the genuine dangers. Think about ways in which we can do this that are different from what we have in place already.

8. The treatment of Ukraine vs. the Middle East/Sri Lankan/Asian refugees

When the war began in Ukraine, it rightfully caused worldwide outrage. Countries pledged artillery, medical aid and further security assistance for those fighting and opened their borders to Ukrainian refugees. However, during numerous conflicts in the Middle East, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia, the world remained silent. The irony lies too within our own government, which was quick to reprimand Russia during the war and willingly state Australia will accommodate Ukrainian refugees, yet sends all other refugees that arrive in Australia to Christmas Island, or back home. There was, and still is, a difference in the treatment of vulnerable people that has long been tied into prolonged systematic racism, and it is still not being addressed.

9. ‘Financial influencers’ are damaging people’s lives and careers

We’ve all seen it online, across Facebook and TikTok. ‘Financial influencers’ that can ‘turn you into a millionaire’ as long as you invest in their 12-step monetised plan for monetary freedom. For the most part, it is unsupported financial advice from online influencers who don’t have any qualifications. They cover bitcoin, cryptocurrency and ‘NFTs’ on social media, mainly encouraging people to quit their jobs and fully focus on the stock markets. Whilst some people have given out genuinely helpful and accessible advice, most end up teaching teenagers and young adults the wrong information, or strategies that have a low chance of success. We have a duty to protect people online, and adults making unsupported gambles with their finances is going against that. A good place to start would be to find out the real-life experiences of people who have lost money and stability as a result of this ‘advice’.

10. Social media has led to growing desensitisation and a lack of human empathy

The internet can be a place of joy and entertainment, allowing us to connect with people across the world and have access to endless information. Unfortunately, it is also a dark space filled with unregulated content that can be easily accessed. We’ve seen mass shootings, suicides and other disturbing material live streamed, exposing us to the worst acts of human nature. There are even those with a ‘morbid curiosity’ who purposefully try and find this content. Continued exposure to this type of content results in more desensitisation towards this material. If we continue this path, are the majority going to lack empathy towards others? Have a look at the wider effects of this type of content on the development of the brain.

11. The gaps in our labour market are only going to grow without rapid action

Over the past year, we have had some of the worst gaps in the labour market. There have been shortages in some of the most essential positions such as nursing, teaching, paramedics and 000 operators. The low wages and stressful nature of the jobs have made it difficult to find enough people willing to enter those job sectors. However, they are vital for our society to function, so how come nothing has yet been introduced to rapidly fix these shortages? Currently, we are out-sourcing labour, but this isn’t a long-term solution and we need to ensure that we don’t experience these problems in the future.

12. Vaccine privilege

Over the past few years, especially in Australia and the USA, we have noticed an increasing trend in people refusing vaccines (COVID and others) due to growing anti-vax sentiments. Despite the plethora of evidence online that discusses the benefits and heavy testing that vaccines have and continue to undergo, people still claim that they do more harm than good. Moreover, it has now been noted that we now have a surplus of vaccines within Australia because of our vaccine hoarding during the middle of the pandemic.

Yet, there are still people across the globe who are dying from various illnesses due to their country’s inability to afford or get access to vaccines. It is now our responsibility to ensure nothing like this happens again in the future, by finding ways to reduce these inequities and tackle vaccine privilege.

13. Our personal data, information and finances are becoming increasingly exposed

This might seem like a bold statement to make, but imagine the sheer level of data that you store online or on your phone. There’s GovID data that is simply stored on your phone that contains information about your entire identity, facial recognition technology that is used everywhere (biotech), cameras and fingerprint access everywhere. The debate is extremely two-sided, with increased cyber protection assisting in solving crimes and preventing identity fraud, but with the growing level of cybercrimes, we’re also put at risk.

What side are you taking?

See Topics From Past Years:          

Oral Presentation Topics 2021  

Oral Presentation Topics 2020  

Oral Presentation Topics 2019  

Oral Presentation Topics 2018

Oral Presentation Topics 2017

Oral Presentation Topics 2016

Oral Presentation Topics 2015

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persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

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persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

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List of topics

1. ‘implementing a sugar tax to curb australian obesity.’.

Premise: Mexico and UK have already implemented the ‘Sugar Tax’ on soft drinks to prevent obesity through the avenue of consumer choices, with this debate being sparked in Canada and Australia as to whether this is a viable solution. The World Health Organization believes this could reduce consumption of sugar by reinvesting the more expensive prices into health initiatives against ‘Childhood Obesity’. The Federal Government is facing this decision in 2019, to introduce these radical changes. Thus, whether or not the sugar tax should be implemented would be the core of your oral.

Basis of the tax

Young stakeholders ‍

Expert opinions, use this for further reading ‍

Mexico comparison, who have done this

British conversation, opposing views on sugar tax ‍

2 . ‘What can Australia do to reduce the dangers of paramedic assault and overtime?’

‍ Premise: Lately in the media, paramedic attacks and unreasonable overtime shifts means that the safety of our ambulance staff is compromised. A series of movements and a necessity for awareness has been sparked in Australia, with one paramedic being assaulted every 50 hours, and 147 assaulted in 2018. Whether or not people choose to support ambulance safety on a political front, social front or preemptive front (see Ambulance Victoria’s ‘Help keep our ambos safe at work’), action has been gaining momentum in contemporary news and campaigns. Is Australia doing enough for paramedic safety? This would be the basis of your oral.

‍ Ambulance Victoria’s campaign

Paramedics’ Union urging Political Parties in 2019

Other factors, overtime shifts

Further reading on specific cases of paramedic violence ‍

3 . ‘How are our politicians dealing with events of Melbourne CBD terrorism ?’

Premise: A series of concentrated terrorist attacks on Melbourne’s Bourke Street and around Melbourne’s CBD has led to preventative measures such as 88 concrete blocks and anti-terror speaker systems. With politicians such as Matthew Guy pushing movements such as suspects facing curfews and counselling and drones around the city being put in place to monitor events like Christmas Day and New Years, this issue is being noted. But is enough being done? How effective are these measures, and are the police and government working closely enough to avoid these situations? This would be the basis of your oral.

Victoria Police’s response to terrorism

Bourke Street incidents

Links to other attacks and opinion article ‍

Political movements from Matthew Guy ‍

Anti-terror measures

4 . ‘Are loot boxes just gaming, or gambling?’

Premise: The question of whether loot boxes being utilised in video games marketed to underage children are in fact exposing them to gambling is currently being debated at a Senate level in Australia and around the world. Whilst opinions are segregated on whether this is harmless or harmful, statistics and experts seem to believe in Europe that the detriment is too high, with 15 gambling regulators pinning game developers and publishers. Similarly, the UK and especially Australia have been making movements to rid the gaming industry of this practice. However, ‘EA Games’ is a big player against this, thriving of their sales in games such as ‘FIFA Coins’ and ‘Star Wars: Battlefront’. Thus, whether it is just gambling or gaming would form this oral.

The Senate Inquiry on loot boxes ‍

Are loot boxes gambling? ‍

Expert Opinions ‍

Age restrictions with gambling v. gaming ‍

Global statistics/reasons against

5 . ‘ Anti-vaccination movements within Australia.’

Premise: The anti- vaccination movement, concentrated in the beachside town of Byron Bay in Australia is claiming more young lives daily, as medical reports are starting to note a greater toll in whooping cough cases and other vaccination related diseases. With campaigns such as the ‘No Jab, No Play’ initiative and other experts stating the way vaccinations are being handled, the situation is not apt in the current necessity for herd immunity amongst young Australians. Whether or not vaccination should be more heavily emphasised would be explored in this oral.

Geographic case study for vaccinations

Implications and health issues

No jab, no play campaign

Case studies

For vaccination

6 . ‘The competition of Uber, Taxis and other ride sharing services.’

Premise: The hyper competitive nature of ride-sharing services and transport on the Australian field means that Uber and taxis have a lot more competition with one another, meaning shared business can affect the others customers in a major way. Hence, the Australian approach of lawsuits and the pickup of other services such as Shebah, Gocatch and Ola, means that drivers are facing harder times finding customers and also maintaining a steady stream of income. Whether or not these competing companies escalate the quality of transport or are too detrimental to driver’s livelihood would be explored in this oral.

The premise ‍

Taxi share zones, official action/recognition ‍

The legal aspects ‍

For the competitive nature

Other platforms that affect this ‍

7. ‘The drought impact on Australian farmers.’ ‍

Premise: Communities within Australia, specifically in Queensland, prepare themselves for overwhelming drought this 2019, with as their profits will most probably drop below $13,000 in this next financial year for farmers. Whilst milk companies and other politicians have attempted to rally with farmers, more attention seemingly may have to be put in place to assure the livelihood of these agricultural practitioners. Hence, even with drought relief practices and campaigns with many stakeholders in the government and as owners of business, it may require more of a push on a formal level in these pivotal years for farmers. The necessary movements and activism for greater support of farmers would be explored in this oral. ‍

The lack of support for drought ‍

What the implications of drought are ‍

Campaigns and movements already in place ‍

Stakeholders and the issues amongst them ‍

The up and coming concerns for drought in 2019 ‍

8. ‘ Microplastics in the Ocean.’ ‍

Premise: The rise in plastic consumption on a global scale and also lack of environmental solutions has led sea turtle’s digestive tracts and parts of the deepest oceans to be littered with seemingly minute particles called ‘microplastics’. However, these particles have detrimental effects and often litter foods, water sources and our ecosystem, usually sinking to the bottom of the ocean, with 99% of the plastic the seas contain building on the bottom. Ultimately, how we deal with these microplastics and whether it is important would be illustrated in this oral.

Marianas Trench plastics ‍

Contamination in foods ‍

Actions against microplastics ‍

The basics of microplastics ‍

Expert opinions 9. ‘ Indigenous ‘Close the Gap’ Campaign’. ‍

Premise: The ‘Close the Gap’ campaign originally focused on integrating the Indigenous people back into modernized society that excluded them wrongly. Objectives were necessary to fulfill educational reforms, social necessities and the favour within employment that needed to be shown in order to “even the playing field”. Over the years, this has been scrutinised and subjected to downfalls, both political and social, with many of these objectives not achieved. Thus, greater attention or movement may have to be incited. Hence, whether enough is being done or more needs to be provoked would inspire this oral. ‍

Scott Morrison on the current ‘Closing the Gap’ measures

Discussion of the origins of this movement

Stakeholders in parliament, Indigenous rights

A review of the campaign and its downfalls

The new closing the gap campaign and its implications

10 . ‘Can we use genetically modified foods in daily life?’

Premise: The discussion of GMOs (genetically modified foods) and their ethical, moral and health implications have segregated both consumers and producers alike. Australia’s viewpoint of the scientific practice in modifying foods has been portrayed in the recent elongation to bans in South Australia until 2025, but has also been challenged with groundbreaking research that could double the crop yield in theory, due to the advances in photosynthetic characteristics and other chemical properties of plants. Thus, whether or not they should be refuted or supported would form the basis of this oral.

The science behind GM foods

Other global players accepting GM crops

Advances and what this means for farmers

Photosynthesis/scientific endeavours in the field of GM crops

The bans in South Australia, and the dangers

11 . ‘The wage gap : Women in STEM.’

Premise: It is rare to find a career where the exact same work will be paid differently based on sexuality, race or gender. It seems in the contemporary age the real issue is that cultural norms raise more women lawyers, doctors and teachers than engineers, physicists and STEM workers. Rather than a direct percentage of the pay gap, it is made apparent that it is rather a systematic average of less over time because of the careers being chosen. Whether or not the wage gap is due to STEM and what we can do to prevent this would be the formation of your oral.

What is the gender pay gap?

Statistics and figures

Australian specific pay gap

Against the gender pay gap

12. ‘Should we take on Finland’s education system ?’

Premise: Standardised testing is often a debate that goes without alternatives that truly work. But the core of Finland’s number 1 education system in the world is that they hire so many good teachers, hence independent learning is monitored and possible. The VCE system and IB curriculum does not streamline because students are so pressured they do not take time to explore and ultimately find what they want to do in tertiary. In Finland, it is less about the competition, and more about individual learning up until university so that they excel in different pathways. What would it take to change Australian systems to model this? This would be a key idea within your oral.

Australian education reform

Study assist packages being released

Universities involved, education opportunities amongst

Finland school system comparison

The National qualifications bureau

13 . ‘Should we change Australia day? ’

Premise: This is a heavily utilised oral topic. The Australia Day debate is a popular one, and this is because it is rich in cultural, social, ethical and political stances within itself. With the date remaining the same in 2019, and with the fireworks of the Perth council still going ahead, more protests and council movement means that these discussions are still very contemporary and readily available online. The bids and failed attempts to change the day to a Reconciliation Week celebration, or any date but ‘Invasion Day’ all form evidence to back up either side. Hence, the question of whether or not the date should be moved would be the primary focus of this oral.

‘For’ changing Australia Day in its entirety The council players in changing the date Bids/failed attempts to change the date The council’s on movements and government reflection on history

14 . ‘Is the National Broadband Network , working?’

Premise: The National Broadband Network policy meant that the telecommunications sector was supposed to gain momentum and strengthen itself, however, downfalls of the technicians and rollout of the service have meant public scrutiny and Government blame being laid. Telstra’s work on this with ping and download speeds being effective, but upload speeds suffering means that Australian consumers are not completely satisfied with the service, putting into question the ultimate effectiveness of NBN as an invested infrastructure. The success of NBN would form the base of this oral.

New rollouts geographically

New government policies

The effectiveness of NBN

Does it work as promised?

Downfalls of NBN

15. ‘ Teaching standards for undergraduates in Australia.'

Premise: The teaching standards of Australia have been heavily scrutinised after certain lower ATAR scores were primarily accepted into the fields. Thus, the question of whether the right teachers are being accepted and their skills are being honed is put into the spotlight, as a lower bar for the academic necessity of the career sparks debate on whether the standards for Australian education has fallen. However, with 2 teachers in the Global Top 50 for the education sector means there is still hope, and with lots of regional areas geographically, it can be difficult- So whether or not Australia is doing enough would form this oral.

ATARs and their own role in teachers

The skills necessary for teachers

A lower bar for academics means a lower bar for teachers

The consequences for teachers in regional areas

Australian teacher’s success stories

16. ‘Is the cost of living rising too high in Australia?’

Premise: The cost of living within Australia is inevitably rising, with a spike of homelessness within Sydney and the common retiree locations being in Asian countries forming the basis of whether or not we should start working on this sector of Australia’s wealth. However, some sources argue that our economy is steady and positive, with the perspective gained on this challenging what 2019 seems to hold for the cost of living. It is a contemporary topic as the next generation will have to face these challenges, proving an interesting oral if you focus on the stakeholders in each category (teenagers, workers, government and retirees).

The rising homelessness rates

Key area in the study of rising prices

The perspective of the greater economy in comparison to the cost of living

The meaning for retirees and where they have to go

The changes in 2019 to the cost of living

17 . ‘Are we doing enough to aid beekeepers in Australia?’

Premise: The ‘Save the Bees’ campaign begun as we started to realise the necessity and imminent danger we would face if bees were in harm's way. Recently, South Australia faced some strange occurrences with mysterious bee deaths, and younger stakeholders attempting to grasp Australia’s bee population. National Geographic focused on real steps and actions that could be taken within Australia, with measures that could potentially be put in place in order to protect these bees. Hence, this could be a unique oral if presented with the statistics and urgency of this issue.

Young stakeholders trying to save the bees

The implication of bees dying

Bees dying in South Australia

The plan to save Australia’s bees

Other measures in place that may affect bees

18. ‘The impact of the strawberry needle scare. ’

Premise: The Strawberry Needle Scare was a 2018 issue, with 2019 implications in the dangers of food tampering, and a case of needles in grapes at a Melbourne store. Moreover, the implications for farmers and the agricultural community meant that many workers were affected by this, as consumers initially feared the worst, affecting Australian livelihood at its core. Thus, in order to do a contemporary oral on this, you would focus primarily on the impact on the farmers, what future fears could arise, (eg. the grape needle scare), and what consumers need to be aware of in future contamination.

The grape scare, new to 2019

The Western Australian side of the strawberry scare

Food tampering in history, where this fits

The effects on farmer that the needle scare has

The movement for farmers from consumers to just ‘cut them up’

19. ‘The epidemic of anxiety. ’

Premise: In a digital, gratification-desiring age, anxiety and depression are symptoms of the high pressure scenarios within daily life. Recently, new studies proving the dire nature within Australia’s mental health provoked more attention by experts and the population into methods and the ‘epidemic’ we face, as we continue to head down a dark spiral. With case studies, statistics and the current situation within pressurised work situations, this could form a strong oral.

The need for instant gratification

The effects of employment on mental health

Australian statistics on worry and anxiety

The Kids helpline and a case study

More statistics/stakeholders in the debate

20 . ‘Is the zero road toll possible?’

Premise: The concept of the ‘Towards Zero’ campaign is that we would have no deaths on the roads in short. This takes drink driving measures, the hazardous first months of a probationary driver and the zones in which these accidents are most highly occurring into consideration, as the government, younger drivers, and adult drink drivers are all concerned. There are already worrying trends going into 2019 however, as this forms the basis of some concerning patterns, and could be explored either way in an oral of whether or not the ‘zero road toll’ is truly possible.

The action plan, released by TAC branch

The implications of striving for the road 0 toll

What is already in place, is there grounds to this?

Trends and why it may not be possible

The official campaign

Updated 26/12/2020

It’s that time of year again when many VCE English students start brainstorming their Oral Presentation SACs. To help you out, we’ve collated some of the biggest names and issues in the recent Australian media.

Each heading represents a broad, ongoing issue, and under it are more specific debates within each issue. Going down a more precise route with your topic selection can make your speech a lot more engaging and current, so pick a broad issue that speaks to you, and ‘zoom in’ on a debate for your speech. Don't forget to also check out Our Ultimate Guide to Oral Presentations for everything you need to know for Oral Presentations.


1. green new deal.

Originally, the 'New Deal' was a bunch of economic reforms that restimulated the economy back into action after the Great Depression. The ' Green New Deal' is a bunch of policies that combines this economic approach with the need to fight the climate crisis. It was first brought before the United States Congress by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez in late 2018 , but was ultimately voted down. It called for a 10-year transformation of the economy to provide green jobs; transition to renewable, zero-emission energy sources; and eliminate pollution across sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture and transport. Is this something that we need to adopt in Australia? Is now the best time for that conversation, given the political climate (not to mention the actual climate of the worst bushfire season in history)? And what exactly are the options? Australia Needs a Green New Deal (03/11/2019) What could an Australian green new deal look like? (28/11/2019) Why the Green New Deal matters (29/11/2019) Let’s make the 2020s the decade that Australia gets its mojo back (04/01/2020)

2. Young People on Strike

2019 saw the emergence of the ' school strike for climate' , an international movement of students skipping school to demonstrate and demand action on climate change. It took off after Greta Thunberg, a Swedish schoolgirl, began protesting outside the Swedish parliament in late 2018. It sparked widespread discussion on young people, education and the merits of striking. Scott Morrison was drawn into the discussion, stating that he doesn’t 'want our children to have anxieties about these issues', while defending his government’s track record on renewable energy investment. So - should young people be worrying about these issues at all? Are they missing out on crucial years of education by taking to the streets? And, is what they’re saying really unreasonable at all? Global climate strike sees ‘hundreds of thousands’ of Australians rally (video, 0/09/2019) The climate strike organiser who received a near-perfect ATAR (18/12/2019) How Greta Thunberg’s school strike went global: a lo ok back (podcast, 30/12/2019)

3. To Prime Minister or Not To Prime Minister

Australia is already facing its most severe bushfire season yet with several months of fire season left to go. During these months, Scott Morrison took a holiday in Hawaii, staying there even after stating his intention to return . Even as he returned, he was shunned for perceived insensitivity and insincerity . What should a Prime Minister do in a state of national emergency? While Morrison delegated many of the duties to state premiers, are these distinctions important in times of crisis? Is he the leader we deserve after his resounding, miraculous election victory in 2019? Where to from here? ScoMo, Where the Bloody Hell Are You? (20/12/2019) Don’t dismiss our anger in Cobargo Scott Morrison, we are the ones living through a crisis (02/01/2020) Scott Morrison, Australia’s singed prime minister (03/01/2020) ‘Bloodcurdling insanity’: Real reason ScoMo is under fire (04/01/2020)

4. Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)

An ETS basically makes carbon gas emissions an economic good that gets bought and sold like any other - corporations that emit more gas will need to now purchase permission to emit, while corporations that emit less will be able to sell their permits. The debate for an ETS in Australia is old (surprisingly perhaps, John Howard first broached the idea towards the end of his Prime Ministership ), but became political poison after Julia Gillard introduced it despite promising that her government wouldn’t introduce a carbon tax in the 2010 election. It has since been scrapped, making Australia the only government in the world to ever dismantle an operational ETS. A decade later, is it now the right time to revisit this discussion? Just why are so many people opposed to policy that would stop corporations from emitting for free? And what does this mean for our international reputation and commitments? One of the world’s biggest emitters is trying to fly under the radar at Cop25 (06/12/2019) For 10 Years, Australia Has Been In A Climate-Policy Abyss (07/12/2019) ‘Not moving fast enough’: former head of Scott Morrison’s department criticises climate change policies (18/12/2019)


1. homophobia in sport.

So this is nothing particularly new, but it’s unfortunately still present even as we move into 2020. Should sports stars be penalised for their opinions when they’re exclusionary and harmful, or should we respect them for their sporting prowess? Maybe this speaks more broadly to the standards we expect sporting stars or public figures in general to set as role models… Israel Folau: Australian rugby star condemned for linking bushfires to ‘sinful’ homosexuality (18/11/2019) Marcus Stoinis fined $7,500 for homophobic slur during Big Bash League (04/01/2020)

Bear with me on this one - while she isn’t specifically a ‘social equity’ debate, Lizzo’s emergence as a breakout singer of 2019 intersects with a lot of social equity movements, from body positivity and feminism to racial justice and self-empowerment. Her upcoming shows in Australia sold out in minutes, which speaks to her newfound popularity as a global star. What is it about Lizzo that resonates with so many people? What and who does she represent? Is the new decade also a watershed moment for diversity in entertainment? Lizzo taps into the real meaning of freedom in 2019 (07/10/2019) Lizzo, pop’s reigning phenomenon, brings her juice to Australia (05/01/2020)

3. Gender Wage Gap in Sport

Again, this one isn’t too new, but a fresh wave of activism for equal pay in sport was sparked this year by Megan Rapinoe, the captain of the US women’s national soccer team (which won the World Cup in 2019). She, her team and the men’s team sued the national soccer federation for gender discrimination and other countries, Australia included, followed suit. Why does the wage gap exist and what are the reasons for closing it? Is a preference for the men’s game enough to justify paying women less (despite the fact that preferences like this are usually rooted in misogyny and are subjective anyway)? And how does this translate between different sports such as soccer, AFLW and tennis (where Serena Williams and Novak Djokovic have clashed over this before)? AFLW pay dispute is over (28/10/2019) Matildas become first women’s team in world football to be paid the same as men’s team (video, 05/11/2019) Australia’s women footballers get equal pay in landmark deal (06/11/2019) ‘We Have To Be Better’: Megan Rapinoe and the Year of Victory and Advocacy (18/12/2019)

4. Newstart

Newstart is Australia’s income support for those aged 22 to 64 who are unemployed. Though a form of social security, it’s fallen behind in terms of how much economic security it can provide recently, with years of no real increases (that is, increases which offset inflation - basically things are getting more expensive and even if Newstart increases, it doesn’t give you more purchasing power in reality). Is it finally time to increase Newstart? There was some discussion around the holiday season being particularly expensive, but should an increase be permanent? How hard is it to get a job in today’s economy? And are the payments enough to live on if you can’t find a job? Morrison government defends Newstart amid criticism it is among low est welfare payments in OECD (08/10/2019) Report highlights social crisis confronting Australian youth on welfare (14/12/2019) Survey finds two-thirds of Australians back a Newstart Christmas boost (22/12/2019) The economic case for increasing Newstart (01/01/2020)

5. First Nations Justice

'Voice' was the Australian National Dictionary Centre’s word of the year in 2019 , in the context of Indigenous representation in the Australian parliament. A Voice to Parliament would enshrine Indigenous input into laws and policies on issues affecting First Nations communities, and has been called for by activists for some time now. How does this tie into/is this distinct from other issues such as constitutional recognition? Why haven’t we seen a lot of progress or consensus on these issues? And what might it mean for those communities to be able to make autonomous decisions? There’s a 60,000-Year-Old Way to Help Stop Australia Burning (16/12/2019) ‘I feel unchained’: Mauboy adds her voice to Indigenous recognition campaign (29/12/2019) The Voice to Parliament isn’t a new idea – Indigenous activists called for it nearly a century ago (02/01/2020) ‘It can be more controversial’: Costello warns on constitutional recognition for Indigenous Australians (02/01/2020)

1. Teaching as a Decreasingly Popular Profession

Australian teachers have been struggling with increasingly difficult jobs and flat-lining pay in recent years, and teachers’ unions haven’t been able to successfully find a solution to offset these concerns. Tertiary students are now turning away from pursuing a career in education , and there could be many reasons as to why. What does this mean for the future of Australian education? In what ways do you as a student feel the impacts? And what could be some solutions - perhaps both from a teacher’s point of view, but also from a student-centric viewpoint? Three charts on teachers’ pay in Australia: it starts out OK, but goes downhill pretty quickly (02/09/2019) The epic failure at the root of Australia’s maths problem (06/12/2019) Why male teachers are disappearing from Australian sc hools (12/12/2019) A new voice for class teachers (30/12/2019)

2. Australia Falling Behind

Unfortunately, Australian students have been falling behind many of their global counterparts in terms of educational outcomes - we even hit our worst ever results in the OECD’s international student assessment in 2018. What does this mean in an increasingly globalised world and is there a way to turn this around? How might a student perspective on this be unique from that of a politician for example, or another stakeholder? And is education an isolated issue, or should we be looking at more holistic solutions that incorporate health-related, economic and/or social solutions as well? Murri School students experience social and emotional benefits from six-day nature camp (13/10/2019 - a bit of a reach, but an interesting read about education outside of the traditional classroom) No need to panic – we can fix Australian schools. But to rush the reform is to ruin it (08/12/2019) Coalition to review Australian education curriculum in bid to reverse fall in student results (11/12/2019) Aboriginal English recognition in schools critical for improving student outcomes for Indigenous Australians (21/12/2019) We love to criticise the United States, but guess what? Their public schools are better than ours (04/01/2019)

This is another one of those long-running debates, though it’s on the table again as the ACT has recently legalised recreational cannabis . This goes against federal law, which still bans the possession and use of weed, and makes Canberra the first Australian jurisdiction to decriminalise it. Canberra has also led the way on issues such as same-sex marriage, legalising it as early as 2013 (four years before the rest of the nation would follow suit). Discussion about other drugs such as ecstasy has also been raised as a result, and this piece might be an interesting read on why different drugs have different legal statuses. Still, is legalising pot the way to go considering how other Western democracies are already moving in this direction? Is it even a harmful drug at all? And what about the others, such as ecstasy? Or even alcohol, for that matter? Nation’s capital legalises cannabis for personal use (25/09/2019) Peter Dutton: government may overturn ‘dangerous’ ACT decision to legalise cannabis (25/09/2019) Australia could be the first country to legalise ecstasy – are we going too far? (03/10/2019) Canberra women with endometriosis are self-medicating with cannabis, but legalising the drug might not help (28/12/2019)

2. Climate Grief

This is an interesting and pretty recent phenomenon - climate grief or climate burnout are new terms that have come into existence to describe the mental health impacts of the climate crisis. In particular, they describe the frustration and despair that people may feel as a result, given that progress on reducing carbon emissions is frighteningly slow and natural disasters are becoming more frequent and devastating at the same time. What is your take on it and who’s feeling it? Do you have to be affected by disasters, or can it also affect young people who feel pessimistic about the future of the planet? And what could be some strategies for overcoming it? What is the importance of seeing climate through a health lens and how might it inspire activism or change? Australian Farmers Muddled in Mental Health Crisis (26/09/2019 - a good read on how climate issues intersect with economic issues as well) Australian town breaks record for mental health awareness following devastating flood (16/12/2019) Australian bushfires could lead to a mental health crisis, expert warns (03/01/2020)

3. Mental Health

2019 saw some other new developments in the conversation around mental health in Australia. A report found that mental health concerns are getting more widespread among young people, while government investment doesn’t really seem to be effective. Meanwhile, we’re also seeing progress on destigmatising mental health issues within sport - overseas, athletes such as Paul Merson and Stan Collymore have shared stories of their battles, while Cricket Australia looks into ways of creating more supportive environments for their players. How can we streamline the message around mental health, or the relevant support networks? What solutions haven’t we tried yet, and how might the discussion around this shift in the next decade? What are the implications if we don’t address these issues? Note that this can be a sensitive issue which may cause distress to some people. Mental health issues increasing among Austra lians (30/09/2019) Push to get wellbeing counsellors into schools as mental health bill costs Australia billions (31/10/2019) What’s driving poor mental health among young Australians? We asked them (20/11/2019) Kevin Roberts: Cricket Australia committed to better understanding menta l health (14/12/2019) People with mental illness less likely to get cancer screening (03/01/2020)

4. Abortions in NSW

NSW recently legalised abortions for pregnancies shorter than 22 weeks after one of the longest debates in their state Upper House. While the choice versus life debate has raged around the world for decades now (i.e. maybe don’t do a pro-choice speech that people will have heard before, and probably don’t do a pro-life speech in 2020), what is the landscape of the debate like in our day and age? Who opposes it and why? What is the problem with making health issues criminal issues instead (e.g. drug policy as well)? And what other issues might be linked to this? Can someone who is pro-life also support tougher border restrictions that lead to refugee deaths at sea, for example? Note that this can be a sensitive issue which may cause distress to some people. Why NSW is still fighting about abortion (17/09/2019) Controversial abortion bill passes NSW Upper House after long-haul debate (25/09/2019) Abortion Is Now Legal in NSW After Controversial Bill Passes Lower House (26/09/2019) NSW abortion law: doctors say last-minute changes ‘unnecessary’ but manageable (26/09/2019)

Wondering where to go from here? Well, luckily, my eBook, How To Write A Killer Oral Presentation , details my exact step-by-step process so you can get that A+ in your SAC this year.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Sounds like something that'd help you? I think so too! Access the full eBook by clicking here !

Since September 2015, the current affairs has been raging with numerous controversial topics - perfect for your oral presentation! Here are some of the more interesting issues that would be a good starting point for your oral. Remember to offer an interesting and unique argument, even if it may mean adopting the unconventional or unpopular point of view on the issue!

Oral presentation topics 2016

1. Should we have 24 hour public transport on weekends?

2. Gender selective abortion in Australia

3. Should the driving age in Australia be lowered?

4. Cricket star Chris Gayle’s treatment of journalist Mel McLaughlin

5. Should children be vaccinated?

6. Should the voting age in Australia be lowered to 16 years?

7. Should singer Chris Brown be denied entry to Australia?

8. Cultural appropriation in Australia

9. Should an Australian Prime Ministers be removed from office without a general election?

10. Should Australia be a republic?

11. Should the Australian flag be changed?

12. Is Australia Day racist against Indigenous Australians?

13. Adam Goodes booing: Are AFL football crowds racist?

14. Australian of the Year - Rosie Batty: Victim blaming

15. Should UBER be made legal in Australia?

16. Should baby formula be limited in sales?

17. Should greyhound racing be banned in Australia?

18. Is Australia’s border security policy justified?

19. Should Australian Open arenas have sports betting advertising?

20. See more Oral Presentation Topics 2017, click here .

Here are over 20 Oral Presentation Ideas for you if you're presenting a speech on Australian issues in the media.

See last year's Oral Presentation Ideas here . You might also be interested in Advice for A+ oral presentations here too! Best of luck!

Measure for Measure is currently studied in VCE English under Area of Study 1 - Text Response. For a detailed guide on Text Response, check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Text Response .


Ahh William Shakespeare. That guy. You’re probably thinking, “Great. More fancy language. Hasn’t he been dead for centuries? Why does he keep popping up in our English curriculum?”

At least, that’s how I reacted.

Shakespeare is actually a huge figure in the history of the English language, and really no high school English curriculum is complete without a mandatory dose of him. In fact, the current VCAA study design demands that one of his texts must be on the text list. What a legend.

Shakespeare doesn’t only influence our world in the classroom. The Bard coined many words and phrases that we use today. We can thank this playwright for “be -all, end-all”, “good riddance”, and my personal favourite, “swagger”.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

The Bard’s play “Measure for Measure” was first performed in 1604; over 400 years ago. So why do we still study his works today? In fact, the ideas and themes that are evoked in his plays are universal and timeless; pertinent to his contemporary counterparts, as well as today’s audience. Shakespeare’s plays are like soup (bear with me, this is going somewhere). One could say the playwright is a master chef; he mixes tales of the human condition and experience and asks us to question people and ideas. Everyone, regardless of their time, will gobble up the story.

So, what is this soup- I mean ‘Measure for Measure’ about? The play is known as a “problem play” and/or “tragicomedy”. That’s right, it’s both a tragedy and a comedy. Dire trials and tribulations are intertwined with humorous gags and jokesters. I guess Shakespeare couldn’t choose just one.  

‘Measure for Measure’ is also a problem play. Critic W.W Lawrence defined a problem play as one in which "a perplexing and distressing complication in human life is presented in a spirit of high seriousness ... the theme is handled so as to arouse not merely interest or excitement, or pity or amusement, but to probe the complicated interrelations of character and action, in a situation admitting of different ethical interpretations".

Ok, crazy, but he also said that "the 'problem' is not like one in mathematics, to which there is a single true solution, but is one of conduct, as to which there are no fixed and immutable laws. Often it cannot be reduced to any formula, any one question, since human life is too complex to be so neatly simplified.”

In short, a problem play presents lots of complications and issues that are open to different ethical interpretations. As in “Measure for Measure”, the “problem(s)” is/are not always solved.

So, what actually happens in this play that is problematic? What are our ingredients in this problem soup?


Get it? Cause soup is cooked in a pot. Sorry.

The Duke of Vienna appoints his deputy, Angelo, as the temporary leader. This Duke then pretends to leave town but instead dresses up as a friar to observe what happens in his absence. Angelo, strict and unwavering in his dedication to following the rules, decides to rid Vienna of all the unlawful sexual activity; including shutting down the brothels. Prostitutes like Mistress Overdone (pun alert) and her pimp Pompey are poised to lose their livelihoods. Laws against this activity exist, but they’ve gotten lax over the years. Angelo, a stickler for the rules, has Claudio arrested because young Claudio has gotten his engaged wife-to-be (Juliet) pregnant before they were officially married. Claudio is to be executed.

The virtuous Isabella, Claudio’s sister, is poised to enter a nunnery. Upon hearing of her brother’s arrest and sentence, she goes to Angelo to beg him for mercy. He hypocritically, in an absolutely dog move, propositions her, saying he’ll pardon her brother if she sleeps with him (with Angelo, not Claudio). She immediately refuses, being the religious and chaste woman that she is. At first Claudio is upset because he wants to live, but then he calms down and accepts death.

Luckily, the Duke (secretly dressed as a friar) helps in their sticky situation. He brews up a plan; Angelo’s former flame Mariana was engaged to him, but he broke off their engagement after she lost her dowry in a shipwreck. The Friar (Duke) plans to have Isabella agree to sleep with Angelo, but then send Mariana in her place. In theory, Angelo would pardon Claudio and be forced to marry Mariana by law.

The old switcheroo goes off without a hitch. But come morning, Angelo refuses to pardon Claudio, fearing he will seek revenge. The Duke, in collaboration with the Provost, send Angelo the head of a dead pirate (Ragozine) who died of natural causes. They claim that it’s Claudio’s head, and Angelo is satisfied, thinking him to be dead. Isabella is also told that her brother is dead and is encouraged by the Friar (Duke) to complain about Angelo to the Duke, who is returning home.  

The Duke makes a grand return to Vienna, saying he will hear any complaints immediately. Isabella tells her story, and the Duke feigns disbelief, despite having orchestrated the plan himself. In an act filled with more twists and turns than a Marvel movie, everything comes out; the Duke reveals he was a friar all along, Angelo is forced to confess, and Claudio is pardoned amongst other things. To top it all off, the Duke proposes to Isabella. Crazy!


It’s important to acknowledge what was going on in the world during the writing of a text. This may help give insight into why the author has included (or not included) some aspect of their work.

The Divine Right of Kings

This holy mandate states that a monarch derives his right to rule from the will of God and is not subject to earthly authority. The “king” or monarch is hence practically divine, and questioning his orders is also questioning god; blasphemy.

The Great Chain of Being/Class divides

This chain is a hierarchy of all life forms and matter in the following order:

Hence, alongside The Divine Right of Kings, this ideal gave monarchs huge power over their subjects.

In early 1600s England, there was a defined social hierarchy and class system. Everyone had a place in the hierarchy, and there was little movement between the classes. Within each class, men were considered superior to women.

Shakespeare encourages us to ask a few questions of our supposedly holy leader and his actions. According to the Divine Right of Kings, the Duke is god’s right-hand man, and thus all his decisions are holy and backed by heaven. However, the Duke is pretty shady when he plots his bed-trick plan with Isabella and Mariana. Is this deceptive behavior still holy? Furthermore, is it not sacrilege to pretend to be a holy friar when one is not truly a holy man?

Moreover, when the Duke assigns Angelo as his deputy, would this transform Angelo into a divine ruler too? Could he be divine, considering his cruel rule and despicable request to Isabella?

Women were considered subservient, lower class citizens then men. Alliances were forged between powerful families through arranged marriages of daughters. These girls may have received an education through tutors attending their homes (there were no schools for girls), but their endgame would be marriage, children and maintaining the home. Women and girls of a lower class did not receive any formal education but would have learned how to govern a household and become skilled in all housewifely duties. Impoverished and desperate women (Mistress Overdone) would turn to prostitution to stay alive.

Shakespeare perhaps highlights the struggle of women in his female characters; Isabella, Mistress Overdone, Juliet, and Kate Keepdown. Their futures appear bleak; Isabella is poised to enter a nunnery, Juliet’s husband (her only source of income and protection) is to be executed, while the brothels that facilitate Mistress Overdone and Kate Keepdown’s livelihoods are being closed down by Angelo.

Jacobean Audience

It was a tumultuous time when Shakespeare penned ‘Measure for Measure’ in 1604. A year earlier came the end of the 45 year long Elizabethan era and began the Jacobean era under the rule of King James. Since the late Queen Elizabeth had no direct heirs, King James of Scotland (a relative) took to the throne. Little was known by the English people of this foreign king.

Perhaps, as Shakespeare portrays the ruler in ‘Measure for Measure’ as clever and good-hearted, the Bard sought to appease the king by calming the people and encouraging them to trust in their new monarch.

The playwright characterizes the Duke as loving his people, but not enjoying being before their eyes and in the spotlight; much like King James, a quiet ruler who relished studying privately in his great library.

‍ Playhouses and Brothels

The general public (commoners) paid a penny (could buy you a loaf of bread back in the day) to see Shakespeare’s plays, standing in the “yard”; on the ground, at eye-level of the stage. The rich (gentry) paid 2 pennies for seating in the galleries, often using cushions. The really rich (nobles) could watch the play from a chair set on the side of the stage itself. Shakespeare’s plays were performed at the Globe Theatre. Playhouses in Shakespeare's time were often close to brothels, both in terms of their physical locations in the suburbs and the way they were viewed by some of polite society. Thus, Shakespeare's relatively sympathetic portrayal of sexual deviance in ‘Measure for Measure’ may also constitute a defence of other suburban entertainment—his plays—and a way to humanize lower classes who patronized them.


If you’re lucky enough to study this interesting piece, the study design requires you to prepare “sustained analytical interpretations…discussing how features of the text create meaning and using textual evidence to support (your) reasons”. Basically, you’ll be given a topic; this topic could surround themes, characters, etc., and you must write analytically.

While you may choose to structure paragraphs around themes, ideas or characters, make sure to embed some historical context in there; that’ll show the examiner that you’ve done your research and have a thorough and deeper understanding of why Shakespeare put this or that in. Talking about authorial intent in your analytical essay leads to a more in-depth analysis.

“Shakespeare portrays characters that are flawed as a result of pre-destined circumstances. These characters, such as bawd Pompey and prostitute Mistress Overdone, lived in a time when there existed strong class divides, and movement within the social hierarchy was rare. As per the “Great Chain of Being”, a contemporary religious dogma, there was a hierarchy of all living things and matter, from lofty God and his angels down through the ranks of men and finally to animals and non-living things. In some cases, attempting to move up the social ranks was even considered a blasphemous rejection of the fate chosen by God.”

- embedding historical context (The Great Chain of Being) into a paragraph that discusses characters being flawed because of their circumstances

“Shakespeare offers characters such as Isabella and The Duke who strive for self-improvement through understanding and temperance. Perhaps the playwright suggests that perfection is very difficult if not impossible to attain, even for a ruler like the Duke and a pure soul like Isabella. However, he posits that it can be strived for and that perhaps this attempt to become better is what truly matters.”

- talking about authorial intent - what is Shakespeare trying to tell us?

Think of it as an opportunity to make your very own soup! Add some themes, stir in character analysis, sprinkle in some quotes and serve with historical context and authorial intent. Just like with a soup, there’s got be a good balance of all your ingredients; test out different structures during the year to find what works for you. (Just try not to overcook it, like I have done with this soup metaphor). If you need more help, How To Write a Standout Measure for Measure by William Shakespeare Essay is for you!

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

So, you see, there’s more to Shakespeare and ‘Measure for Measure’ than just fancy old language and iambic pentameter (What’s that? Well...). Keep on reading this blog post, where we’ll delve into themes, characters and symbols/motifs. In the meantime, let’s have a break. Grab a snack, a drink, and enjoy this tasty Shakespeare meme.

...Aaaaand we’re back!

Are you ready for part 2 of the Shakespeare train? Hop on board as we explore themes, characters and symbols/motifs. ‍ ‍

These are the major themes in ‘Measure for Measure’.

As you can see, the themes are interconnected. (Do you like the diagram? Made it myself :)) Why does this matter? Well, if you get an essay topic about Justice, for instance, you can also link it to Sexual and Gender Politics as well as Social Decay/Cohesion.

So, why is any one theme an important theme?

Which moments and characters are these themes related to?

Is there a link to historical context?

What are some key quotes?

What could be Shakespeare’s potential message? (Keep in mind that depending which pieces of evidence you look at, the Bard could be saying something different. In this piece, we’ll only discuss one or two authorial messages. The beauty of Shakespeare is that much is open to interpretation. You can interpret characters and ideas in so many different ways!)

Those are some great questions. Let’s explore some of the biggest themes...

Power and Authority

Power not only dictates the Viennese society, but we see it is a basis for moral corruption (I’m looking at you, Angelo!). The Duke is the leader of Vienna, ordained by God. He hands this power to his deputy Angelo, who misuses it in his request of Isabella. Now consider Isabella - she has power too, but a different kind… Also consider characters who have little to no power - Mistress Overdone, Pompey etc.

This theme could be linked to the Divine Right of Kings, the Great Chain of Being and Women.

Perhaps Shakespeare is suggesting that power is a dangerous weapon and that in the wrong hands, it could be deadly.

Morality and Sin

This is an interesting theme. What defines sin? For instance, if Isabella sleeps with Angelo she’s sinning before God. But if she doesn’t, then she’s letting her brother die, which is not good either. Bit of a pickle that one. Some characters to consider include Isabella, Angelo, The Duke, Claudio, Lucio, the Provost…. jeez just about everyone! So many of the characters take part in questionable deeds. Was it immoral for the Duke to pretend to be a holy friar? Is Claudio’s sin of impregnating Juliet really punishable by death if both parties were willing, and no one else has been punished for the same “crime”? Are Pompey and Mistress Overdone being immoral in being in the prostitution business, if it’s the only way to survive?

Deep stuff man. This can be linked back to class divides, women and the contemporary playhouses/brothels.

Perhaps Shakespeare tries to tell us that there is a fine line between something moral and something sinful. Maybe he’s asking, “who are we to judge?”, since we all do questionable things sometimes. Everyone from the almighty Duke to a lowly prostitute has committed potentially immoral acts. Perhaps audiences are encouraged to be more understanding of others, and their reasons for these deeds.

Mmm, this theme ties in nicely with just about all of the others. How does one define justice? The play explores this idea; does justice mean punishment? Or mercy? How do we balance the two to deliver the right punishment/lack thereof? Characters that dispense justice include The Duke, Angelo (although they have differing ideas of justice) and Isabella. Since Vienna is a religious place, consider the divine justice system (ie. a perfect, flawless system meted out by God) and the earthly one (ie. the flawed, human justice system). Laws exist in an attempt to ensure justice. But does it always work? Consider also the Old and New Testament ways of thinking - the former strict and punitive, while the latter is more measured and merciful (see symbols/motifs below for more info).

This theme can be linked to the Divine Right of Kings, Great Chain of Being, Women, and Jacobean Audience.

Perhaps Shakespeare says that since we humans are inevitably flawed, that any justice system created by us will too be imperfect. Who are we to decide the fates of our fellow man? Furthermore, the Bard may be encouraging us to be kind when dispensing justice, leaning more to mercy than punishment.

Sexual and Gender Politics

Who run the world? Gir- no it’s a bunch of men. This theme contributes to why ‘Measure for Measure’ is a problem play. The exploration of the female characters in this play are very interesting, and kind of sad. Of 20 named characters, only 5 are women. Together, their lines make up only 18% of the play. Yikes! There is a lot to unpack here. Our female characters are Isabella, Mariana, Mistress Overdone, Juliet, Francisca (a nun who speaks twice) and Kate Keepdown (who we never meet). Their situations: a maiden poised to enter a nunnery, a prostitute, a pregnant girl about to lose her husband, a nun, and another prostitute. Quite gloomy, isn't it? Meanwhile, the men are leaders (The Duke, deputy Angelo, and ancient lord Escalus) and gentlemen (Lucio, Claudio, and Froth). Over the course of the play, our female characters are put into worse situations by men. Their experiences are dictated by men. Consider taking a “feminist perspective” and exploring ‘Measure for Measure’ from a female point of view.

This theme links to the Great Chain of Being, Women and Playhouses/Brothels.

Perhaps Shakespeare suggests that women are treated unfairly in society. Maybe he posits that women are afforded so few opportunities in a man’s world. The Bard potentially says that such sexual and gender politics do not create a cohesive and just society.

This theme, again, connects to many others. It can link to all groups of people (The wealthy, the poor, women, criminals etc). Most of the mercy is dispensed at the end of the play when the Duke does his grand reveal. Characters who choose to mete out mercy over punishment include The Duke and Isabella. Also consider Angelo, who instead of choosing to spare Claudio, decides to kill him to uphold a law that hasn’t seen anyone punished for the same deed. We might think this is harsh, but it a legal and lawful decision.

Connect this idea with historical context, specifically Jacobean audience and playhouses/brothels.

Perhaps Shakespeare encourages us to look at mercy and punishment from different perspectives. Angelo believes he is punishing Claudio for his own good, and cleaning up Vienna of lechery too. Maybe we ought to be merciful in our opinion of the deputy. Nonetheless, the Bard shows that in the case of young Claudio, mercy and forgiveness is the right path to choose. Finally, consider why Shakespeare may have portrayed a merciful leader to his Jacobean audience. Maybe if he were to portray a leader as fair and merciful, the Jacobean audience would trust that their new king (a man similar in character to the Duke) could be kind and merciful too. Earning the favour of the king and writing a killer play? He’s killed two birds with one stone.

Human Frailty & Fallibility

I’ve encountered many essay topics about how humans are flawed and imperfect. It’s a pretty big theme in many texts, not just in our friend William Shakespeare’s. Human fallibility is to blame for a lot of the going-ons in ‘Measure for Measure’. Angelo takes the law too seriously, he gets heart eyes for Isabella and kills Claudio even though he thinks he’s slept with Isabella. Why? He wants to save his own ass, fearing Claudio will seek vengeance. The Duke is flawed too. He’s a leader, but he just avoids his problems, leaving Angelo in charge to deal with them. Then he plans to swoop in and look like a hero. Kinda dodgy. Consider Claudio and Juliet too. They, like Angelo, succumbed to lust and slept together before they were officially married. (Sigh, humans just can’t get it right.) It’s also worth thinking about the “low-lives” and poorer characters. Are the poor frail in a different way? For example, Mistress Overdone keeps Lucio’s secrets for him. In that way she is virtuous. However, she sells her body to survive. Perhaps she is not prone to desire like Angelo, but serves another desire - a desire to survive?

In terms of historical context, consider the Divine Right of Kings, the Great Chain of Being and Playhouses/Brothels.

Perhaps Shakespeare suggests that no one is truly perfect, not even a leader supposedly ordained by God, a law-abiding deputy, or a maiden who is poised to enter a nunnery. Yet while Angelo is overcome by his lust and emotion, the Duke and Isabella attempt to better themselves by showing mercy and temperance. Maybe Shakespeare suggests trying to improve one’s flawed self is most important.

God, Religion and Spirituality

Phew, we’re at our last theme. So, society in Vienna is very much religious. Their beliefs dictate actions and laws within the city. Some very religious characters include Isabella and Angelo. However, our novice nun, who is obsessed with virtue and chastity, agrees to and takes part in the bed-trick, a deception that is not particularly Christian. Our lusty deputy also succumbs, hellishly propositioning a maiden to sleep with him in exchange for her brother’s life. Even The Duke, supposedly semi-divine, makes some dubious choices. He spends most of the play posed as a holy man, even though he is not. He plans the bed-trick to deceive Angelo and lets poor Isabella think her poor brother is dead, instead of saving her so much pain. Furthermore, the title of the tale, ‘Measure for Measure’, comes from the Gospel of Matthew. (See symbols/motifs for more deets). The question of how much we should let religion dictate us is another reason this piece is a problem play.

The theme of God and Religion can link to historical context such as the Divine Right of Kings.

Perhaps Shakespeare criticises religious extremism in his portrayal of characters like Isabella and Angelo. Or maybe he just wants us to remain open-minded about ideas and our spirituality.

Yikes, there are so many themes in this play! Let’s move it along, and talk a little bit about characters.

Each character can be viewed in different lights, even more so than themes can be. We’re going to discuss characters very briefly because it’s up to you how you want to read them.

Here are the characters, in order of how much they speak in the play. To keep things short, let’s pretend these are all tinder bios. Who would you swipe right on? (Hint: not Lucio)

Mistress Overdone

Kate Keepdown (we never actually meet this character)

Ragozine (we never actually meet this character)


These are people, objects, words etc that represent a theme or idea. For instance, the fact that I’ve used a bad soup metaphor AND a tinder reference means I need to go outside more. But let’s move on…

The title, “Measure for Measure” draws from the gospel of Matthew. The idea of heavenly justice vs earthly justice is prominent throughout the text. Moreover, it’s worth exploring the Old Testament ways of “an eye for an eye” and “measure for measure” in comparison to the New Testament teachings which lean towards forgiveness and mercy. Now, where do the Duke’s actions fit in? Is he harsh and equalising? Is he just and sympathetic?  

New Testament vs. Old Testament

When the Duke sentences Angelo to death, he makes a fancy speech which includes the play’s title.

“‘An Angelo for Claudio, death for death!
Haste still pays haste, and leisure answers leisure.
Like doth quit like, and measure still for measure.”

Act 5, Scene 1, Line 439-441

This mimics the Old Testament views, which famously states “eye for eye, tooth for tooth” (Exodus 21:24). These ideals teach that the person who committed a misdeed shall have the same misdeed done unto them. (For example, if you don’t like my new Facebook profile picture, I’m not liking yours…..but way more severe.)

In comparison, the New Testament states that we “Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful. Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.” (Luke 6:36-37)

So, when sentencing Angelo the Duke employs the words of the Old Testament. However, he doesn’t go through with Angelo’s execution, instead showing the mercy encouraged by the New Testament. He’s not really following either way. Perhaps he’s instead choosing a middle road; one of temperance and justice.

Wait, who? We haven’t mentioned the “gentleman” Lucio much in the plot and in this blog post. That’s because he doesn’t really do that much other than buzz around and annoy everyone. Maybe that’s why his name rhymes with mosquito….

Regardless, we do see enough of Lucio’s character to learn that he’s not a very nice person. He treats Mistress Overdone and Pompey poorly, makes visits to the brothel, doesn’t take responsibility for his actions (getting Kate Keepdown pregnant) and bad-mouths the Duke. So yeah, we don’t like Lucio, what’s the big deal? Well, in Act 4, Scene 4 Line 182, Lucio says something very intriguing.

“I am a kind of burr, I shall stick.”

Burr - those little brown prickly things that get stuck to you.

We can think of Lucio as representing all the sins and misdeeds in Vienna - lechery, immorality, lack of justice, selfishness etc. Hence, Lucio is saying that these shortcomings and flaws will always be present to people and in Vienna, sticking to the city like a nasty burr. Damn, that’s deep.


The metre of the verse (ie. the classic Shakespeare writing) in ‘‘Measure for Measure”  is iambic pentameter. This means that each line is divided into 5 feet. Within each foot, there is one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one.

I’ll TELL him YET of ANgelO’S reQUEST, And FIT his MIND to DEATH, for HIS soul’s REST. (Act 2, Scene 4, Line 195-196)

Verse does not have to rhyme, as the above lines do. Shakespeare often employs a rhyming couplet to close a scene and add some drama.

Verse is usually reserved for the higher class citizens, with those who are less fortunate speaking in prose.

Prose is language in its ordinary form, with no metre.

Certain characters, such as Lucio, switch between verse and prose depending on who they are speaking to. This could allude to Lucio’s duplicity, or perhaps a deep understanding of class divides in Vienna.

Names: Escalus and Angelo

Escalus is the ever reasonable and loyal lord and close confidant of the Duke. His name gives connotations of scales and balance - characteristic of the rational man.

Angelo’s name has connotations of “angel”. If we judge him only by his name, he should be a pure and heavenly being. Bah! That’s so fake! We can see that appearance is very different from reality. Isabella notices this too, stating that “this outward-sainted yet a devil” (Act 3, Scene 1, Line 95-98).

Angelo’s Words/Actions

There is so much to unpack about this douchebag. Let us briefly consider 2 ideas. When he propositions Isabella to sleep with him, he requests that she “lay down the treasures of (her) body” (Act 2, Scene 4, Line 100).

Firstly, that’s weird. Perhaps Angelo can be seen as someone who is obsessed with the physical - Isabella’s body and treasure. Maybe this obsession leads to his immorality and poor leadership.

Secondly, Angelo struggles to directly say, “hey, let’s sleep together”. He weaves his way around the request, propositioning Isabella so indirectly that at first, she does not even seem to understand his request! However, once she threatens to tell everyone about his vile demand, he speaks bluntly; “Who will believe thee, Isabel?” (Act 2, Scene 4, Line 163). Perhaps this shows Angelo is self-aware that he’s being an ass. Or maybe this scene is yet more evidence of a patriarchal society, with the men knowing very well the power they hold.

We never actually meet this fellow. Ragozine is a pirate who dies in jail while “Measure for Measure” unfolds. His head is used in place of Claudio’s to convince Angelo of the former’s execution. Fascinatingly, Ragozine is the only person who dies in the entire play. ALSO, he dies of natural causes. Interesting. It feels like the play is full of death, grief and many heads on the chopping block. But curiously, there is only one death, of a minor character, of natural causes. Perhaps this says something about fate and justice or offers some commentary on life and hope.

Elbow vs. Pompey

Elbow is a silly policeman who speaks in malapropisms (using a similar but incorrect word for humorous effect). Pompey is a clever pimp who seems to have a deep understanding of justice and the Viennese people. The comparison of these characters, fortunate and dumb to unfortunate and clever, perhaps serves to show that the law is not always apt and that sometimes those who break the law are more clever than it.

Mistress Overdone (or lack thereof)

Mistress Overdone is a pitiable prostitute. She worries for her survival when Angelo begins pulling down the brothels, and she keeps Lucio’s bastard child a secret, only for him to throw her under the bus to save his own skin. The last we see of Mistress Overdone is her getting carted off to prison, crying “See how he goes about to abuse me!” (Act 3, Scene 1, Line 481) Yes, the last we witness of one of five speaking female characters is of her imminent incarceration. Furthermore, this happens in Act 3 of 5, around halfway through the play! The audience never hears from Mistress Overdone again, and her future is left uncertain. Even Barnadine, a convicted murderer, is given freedom and a happy ending.

Consider writing a few sentences of your essay from a feminist’s perspective. Think about the events of the play from the female characters’ points of view. What is Shakespeare saying by portraying Mistress Overdone (and other women) in such a way? Perhaps he is pointing out the injustices of the patriarchal system, or how uncertain a woman’s life was in his contemporary time.

“Measure for Measure” truly is an incredible text. This blog post is by no means an exhaustive list of all its quirks and complexities. This play’s relevance has survived centuries, and I believe it will continue to be pertinent to audiences well into the future. You are very lucky to be studying a text with such universal themes and ideas that you can carry with you even after high school.

Have you ever wondered how you can read your books so efficiently that you will be able to identify the most important passages, quotes, symbols, author’s views and values etc. all in one go? Well, I’m going to share some handy tips you can adopt while annotating a novel that will hopefully help you achieve this. Warning – if you are a reader who likes to preserve their books and keep them crispy clean, this study guide probably isn’t for you. However, keep in mind that annotating texts is a powerful step in getting to know your text and optimising your essay responses.

Before we get started, what exactly is ‘annotating’? To annotate means to add notes to a text where you provide extra comments or explanations (usually in the margins of the book). It is very much an activity for yourself, because it allows you to become an  active reader –  where you are engaged in thinking about the plot, themes, characters etc. as you are reading and jotting down key thoughts. As a result, active readers are more likely to become immersed in the story, absorb the ideas better, be more open-minded and therefore usually develop their own unique interpretation of the text. While annotating may not come so naturally to some of you, this guide below should definitely equip you with a good starting ground!

1. Think of your text as a colouring book.  Use different coloured highlighters for different themes. This way when you’re rummaging through your book to find a certain quote to support a theme, say you specifically only highlight ‘romance’ theme in pink, it’s much easier for you to find the pink than to look through a whole book highlighted all in green. Think of it as creating a trail for you to follow throughout the book. Creating a legend at the start of the book (for example, in the contents page) can help you keep track of which colour stands for which theme.

2. Circle new vocabulary.  Look it up and then write their definitions next to the word. Next, keep a word bank in a workbook or on a word document containing any words you’ve learnt. Now you’ve successfully killed two stones with one bird –  you’ve broadened your vocabulary and you’ve got a handy sophisticated vocabulary list you can always refer to when it comes to essay writing!

3. Write notes in the margins.  Here you can summarise the significant points of a passage without needing to re-read the whole thing again. Use a pencil rather than pen. If you don’t like writing on paper, you can always use sticky notes and stick them to the pages. However, avoid writing full comprehensive notes in the margins. You’re not trying to write another book inside the empty sections of a book. Use a separate workbook or a word document for that!

4. Be open to different interpretations.  Just because your teacher or a study guide interprets the text in particular way, doesn’t mean that you need to agree. If you see things from a different angle, that’s an advantage for you. Remember that you can be ambiguous with your ideas, understanding a certain character or theme from multiple perspectives offers you a variety of ideas that can be applied in your essay. This idea is echoed by English assessors in the VCAA 2013 Examination Report,

…students should be encouraged to have confidence in their own reading and demonstrate a personal understanding of their text, rather than relying exclusively on commercially produced material. All texts are complex works of art with a wealth of opportunity for exploration. There is no ‘expected’ response to a topic, and the most successful pieces were those that were thoughtful and fresh.

5. Got burning questions that pop up?  Don’t dismiss what you don’t understand! Put down a question mark and do some research. The better you understand your text now, the greater understanding you will have of events that occur later in the text.

6. Mark literary devices.  Symbols, metaphors, alliteration, assonance – the list goes on. Use shapes such as circles, triangles, squares and create a legend in order to keep track of the different literary devices that present themselves throughout the text. Bear in mind that the best essays always include a well-rounded discussion about the author’s choices in literary techniques and how they develop specific themes and/or characters.

7. Dog-ear important passages . Some key passages can be lengthy (spreading over several pages), and it can be a pain to highlight pages and pages of a book (it might too much for your eyes to handle too – ouch!) so instead, fold the corners of those pages down so that you know exactly where that key event occurs.

8. Find unique phrases/quotes.  You’ll come across the same quotes that are repeatedly mentioned in class, study guides and essays that other students have written. To stand out, you should try to find those quotes that are equally powerful but are somewhat overlooked or underrated.

9. Annotate study notes and study guides.  These notes are written by another reader who has developed their own ideas about the text – this doesn’t mean that you necessarily have to share the same ideas as there is always opportunity to disagree with another’s opinion. Draw smiley faces or frowns in areas where you agree or disagree. This can be the basis of an interesting discussion in your own essay.

10. Don’t be afraid to destroy that book!  Yes, it’s nice to have a book crispy and clean, but think of annotating as a way to own that book! Show that you know the in and outs of the text so well that if someone else were to pick it up, they would have no idea where to even begin! Having proper notes in the right places and annotations will make the biggest difference.

Keep in mind that annotating does not equal skimming (where you briefly speed-read through your text). If you’re planning to only flick through the book, you are probably not going to find those unique passages or under-used yet powerful quotes. Take it slow and easy!

We've curated essay prompts based off our The Golden Age Study Guide which explores themes, characters, and quotes.

Before getting started on your own essay writing using our essay topics, feel free to watch the video below where Lisa brainstorms and breaks down the topic:

"The Golden Age is primarily a tragic tale of isolation. Discuss"

If you're looking for more support, including a sample The Golden Age essay, Vindhya (English study score of 46) offers her take on how to write an essay in Dissecting an A+ Essay .

LSG-curated The Golden Age essay topics

1.     “Being close made them stronger.” In The Golden Age , adversities are tempered by camaraderie. Do you agree?

2.     Despite the grim context, The Golden Age highlights and celebrates the potential of life. Discuss.

3.     Memories of past successes and failures have significant lingering effects on characters in The Golden Age . Is this an accurate assessment?

4.     “[I would be] a fox, following a Palomino.” How do animals such as these contribute symbolically to The Golden Age ?

5.     It is largely loneliness which defines the struggles of the children in The Golden Age . Discuss.

6.     In what ways is The Golden Age a novel of displacement?

7.     Fear of the unknown is something which permeates The Golden Age . Is this true?

8.     What is the role of family in Joan London’s The Golden Age ?

9.     Isolation in The Golden Age exists in many oppressive forms. Discuss.

10.  Throughout The Golden Age , London draws attention to beauty rather than to suffering. Discuss.

11.  In spite of their youth, it is the children of The Golden Age who understand best what it means to be an individual in the world. Do you agree?

12.  How do characters from The Golden Age learn, grow and mature as the novel takes its course?

13.  Due to the range of different onset stories, each of the children and their families in The Golden Age face a different struggle with their identity. Discuss.

14.  “Home. She hadn’t called Hungary that for years.” In spite of all their struggle, the Golds never truly feel any sense of belonging in Australia. To what extent do you agree?

15.  Explore the factors which drive Joan London’s characters to persevere.

The Golden Age is usually studied in the Australian curriculum under Area of Study 1 - Text Response. For a detailed guide on Text Response, check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Text Response .

Ransom and Invictus are studied as part of VCE English's Comparative. For one of most popular posts on Comparative (also known as Reading and Comparing), check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Comparative.


Clint Eastwood’s 2009 film ‘Invictus’ centers on the events following the election of Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s first black President in the post-apartheid era. The film follows President Mandela’s attempt to infuse a deeply divided country with new energy, by supporting the South African rugby team’s victorious 1995 World Cup Campaign. The unlikely bond formed between President Mandela and Francois Pienarr, the captain of the rugby team, illustrates themes of unity and reconciliation in a divided nation. The film begins with the image of a deeply divided society in 1990, as Mandela is released from 27 years of incarceration. A poignant opening scene sees Mandela drive along a long dirt road that runs between two playing fields, on one side, young black children shout excitedly as Mandela passes. On the other side, immaculately dressed white boys stare vacantly, as their coach proclaims, “This is the day our country went to the dogs.” This tumultuous period in South African history is of central concern to ‘Invictus’, as Eastwood portrays the lingering racial prejudices imbedded in this society. The film portrays the tension between the bitter resentment of black South Africans towards their former oppressors, with the fear and uncertainty of white Afrikaners under Mandela’s political leadership. Eastwood masterfully depicts the true story of the moment when Nelson Mandela harnessed the power of sports to unite a deeply divided South Africa.

Set during the Trojan War, one of the most famous events in Greek mythology, David Malouf’s historical fiction ‘Ransom’ seeks to explore the overwhelming destruction caused by war, and the immense power of reconciliation. Drawing on the Iliad, the epic poem by Homer, Malouf focuses on the events of one day and night, in which King Priam of Troy travels to the enemy Greek encampment to plead with the warrior Achilles to release the body of his son, Hector. Maddened by grief at the murder of his friend Patroclus, Achilles desecrates the body of Hector as revenge. Despite Achilles refusal to give up Hector’s body, Priam is convinced there must be a way of reclaiming the body – of pitting new ways against the old, and forcing the hand of fate. Malouf’s fable reflects the epic themes of the Trojan war, as fatherhood, love, grief and pride are expertly recast for our times.

Malouf and Eastwood both depict societies on the brink: Troy faces annihilation by the Greeks, while South Africa faces an uncertain future as it emerges from the injustices of the apartheid era, both worlds are in dire need of true heroes to bridge the great divide. Together, these two texts echo the significance of hope in the enactment of change. To learn more, head over to our full Ransom Study Guide (covers themes, characters, chapter summaries, quotes and more).

The power of shared human experiences

Both texts are centrally concerned with the significance of the universal experiences of love, loss, grief and hope to unite a divided people. Both Invictus and Ransom explore how societal forces divide people into different, often conflicting groups – whether this be race, history, culture, or war. Each text appeals to the universal experiences that define the human condition, and emphasise the significance of opportunities to cross-cultural divides.

In ‘Ransom’, Malouf is centrally concerned with the theme of fatherhood. This concept links the mortal and godly realms, which King Priam straddles over the course of his journey. The relationship between Priam and Somax illustrates this complex theme most clearly. The two men, despite being deeply separated by their class, education and power, share their common familial experiences. Priam confronts the poignancy of their shared experience of losing sons, questioning whether it “meant the same for him as it did for the driver”. Malouf thus presents Priam as initially lacking in terms of his understanding, Somax’s friendship and stories are the catalyst for Priam to engage in deeper, empathetic understanding. Somax’s trivial yet symbolically significant story about the griddle-cakes represents a moment of anagnorisis for Priam, wherein the shared bond of humanity in fatherhood allows Priam to obtain insight, and progressively grow as a human and as a leader. This incident fuels the journey to appeal to Achilles “man to man”, Priam’s insight into the power of empathy allows him to appeal to their shared bond as suffering fathers.

Just as Priam goes to Achilles “as a father”, using their common quality, fatherhood, to further understand each other, Mandela, too, emphasises the point that you must “know [your] enemy before [you] c[an] prevail against him” and thus he “learned their language, read their books, their poetry”. Mandela attempts to unite Black and white South Africans, despite the mutual animosity and distrust fostered by decades of apartheid. Black and White South Africans share almost nothing in common, with significant cultural and societal barriers to their reconciliation, including different dialects. Rugby emerges as the most poignant manifestation of this divide as the White South Africans support their national team, but the black south Africans barrack for the opposing side. The scene wherein Pienarr and Mandela meet over tea is symbolic of this sentiment of fostering unity amongst deep divisions. President Mandela literally hunches over to pour the tea for Pienaar, this inversion of status demonstrates his willingness to reduce his dignity as a superior and speak with Pienarr, and by extension, white south Africans, on an equal level, modelling an example of how race relations in his nation should be carried out. This equality is also symbolised by the passing of the tea to Pienaar, the close up shot where both arms of the individuals are depicted on an equal level reinforces this sense of mutual equality and respect, extolling the virtues of empathy and integrity as a uniting force.

Leadership and Sacrifice

Mandela and Priam symbolise how leadership must inevitably entail familial sacrifices. Both leaders self-identify with their nation and people. Priam embodies Troy itself, his body is the ‘living map’ of the kingdom.  The ‘royal sphere’ he embodies is constrained by customs and tradition, full of symbolic acts that separate him from the mortal world. To an extent, these royal obligations and ritual suffocate Priam’s individuality and he is unable to show his true nature, or connect with his family in the way he would desire to. He regards intimate relationships with his children as “women’s talk” that “unnerves him” as it is not “his sphere”. This articulation of the disassociation of the “royal sphere” with natural human bonds of family reveals the secondary role that family and love must take when one’s role as a leader is paramount. Similarly, Mandela claims “I have a very big family. Forty-two million people”. Unlike Priam, Mandela seeks human connection, predicating his leadership on democratic ideals. This takes a physical and emotional toll, as shown by Mandela’s collapse in his driveway. The cost of leadership here is evident, as Mandela has effectively sacrificed his family for the good of his nation. His strained relationship with his daughter Zindzi further reinforces this, as she disapproves of Mandela reaching out to Pienarr, likening him to one of the white “policeman who forced (her) out of her home”, showing the disconnect between father and daughter due to the sacrifices necessitated by Mandela’s life of leadership, including his 27 year imprisonment.

Fatherhood and Masculinity

In ‘Ransom’ Malouf presents an enclosed, limited and unemotional masculine world, with particularly stringent expectations for men’s behaviour. This is a world characterised by war, wherein the expectations of violent masculinity are paramount. In presenting Achilles inside of “a membrane stretched to a fine transparency”, Malouf reveals the constant tension between the emotional, domestic human nature inside Achilles and the hierarchical violent external society that he is expected to abide by, revealing the constricting nature that the society has on defining men’s actions. Malouf uses words like “knotted” and “rope-like” when describing Achilles’ muscles, implying that his conventional great strength, the source of his fearsome reputation, represents a confinement that the society enforces on him and other men. Further, through a degree of compassion, Priam is able to touch the “sore spot whose ache he has long repressed” in Achilles, a symbol of the emotions that have been supressed by the dominant patriarchal nature of this society.

Whilst the world of ‘Invictus’ is less overtly masculine and patriarchal, the narrative of the film is primarily focused on the male experiences, with female characters assuming a largely secondary role. Zindzi’s strained relationship with her father exemplifies the sacrifices involved in leadership. Whilst Mandela is seen to have sacrificed a close connection with his daughter, this is suggested to be in service of the nation, “I have a big family. Forty two million people”.

Character analysis and comparison

Character analysis/comparison.

- aging king of troy

- individuality has been subsumed by the ceremonial functions of his high position

- self-identifies with nation

- life of obligation

- foregoes convention and embraces chance with his proposal to offer ransom for his son’s body

- becomes more attuned to the natural world

- gains a greater appreciation of his true self as a man, rather than a symbolic figurehead

- historic figure, symbol of peace

- spent 27 years in prison for sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government while he was trying to gain civil rights for all south Africans

- tackled institutionalised racism, poverty and inequality

- suffered under apartheid

- pursues reconciliation, prepared to face down calls for retribution

- in his speech to the sports council, he defends the traditions of the people who persecuted him

- interacts easily with people of all social standings

- charismatic, in touch with the people


- embody essential role that leadership plays in achieving just resolutions to conflict

- sacrifice family for leadership

- illustrate that effective leadership takes a toll on the individual

- exemplify that reconciliation requires unexpected and difficult acts. Such as Mandela’s embrace of the Springboks and Priam’s appeal to Achilles “man to man”

- both show effective leadership involves expressing empathy and understanding the humanity of your enemies

Literary and cinematic techniques

- In one of the first scenes in Mandela’s office after he is elected President, Eastwood strategically frames the racial segregation and tension between the two groups via the mise-en-scene; they stand on separate sides of the room, wearing distinctly different clothing and calling Mandela either “Mr President” or “Madiba”, representative of their own identity. The lingering tension between the two groups permeates the entirety of the film, and the microcosm of the bodyguards acts as a symbol of the chasm within the wider nation.

- The deeply symbolic scene wherein Mandela and Pienaar have tea, Eastwood strategically uses a close up shot to frame the passing of the tea cup so that both arms of the individuals are depicted on the same level, reinforcing this sense of mutual equality and respect. It is this sharing of hope that ignites Pienaar to reciprocate Mandela’s egalitarian actions. As Pienaar brings a ticket for Eunice, recognising that “there’s a fourth” family member, he mimics Mandela’s value that “no one is invisible”. Consequently, it is demonstrated that regardless of skin colour, characters reciprocate Mandela’s empathy and compassion, revealing the limitless power such human qualities to reach across the boundaries of division.

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- The wide shot of the passing of the trophy from Mandela to Pienaar is framed against the large crowd, metaphorically representing South Africa’s support with the unity of the black and whites, reflecting Mandela’s desire to “meet black aspirations and quell white fears”. Their diegetic cheers work to create the idyllic depiction of the lasting power of this change, implying the true limitless nature of hope in their society.

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Learn more through Caleb (English study score 47) about Invictus Film Technique Analysis - How Can I Write About It?

- Priam’s moment of anagnorisis in which he discovers the concept of “chance”, marks the beginning of his enactment of change through the power of hope. Despite his family who wishes that he would “spare [himself of] this ordeal”, Priam’s vision guides him to overcome familial and societal obstacles in pursuit of reconciliation.

- Symbol: Griddlecakes – represent pleasure in common things, but also the growing realisation within Priam of his distance from such pleasures. The love and care with with Somax’s daughter cooked the cakes has a value that surpasses the conventional riches associated with the ruling elite. This is a catalyst for a moment of realisation for Priam.

For a detailed guide on Language Analysis, what you're expected to cover, how to prepare for your SAC and Exam and more, check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Language Analysis .

‍ [Modified Video Transcription]

Today we're going to go through the 2019 past VCAA English Exam ( grab a copy of the exam here so you can analyse with me). As you probably know, if you've watched my videos before, you always want to make sure you read the background information when it comes to Analysing Argument. 

I'm going to use Analysing Argument and Language Analysis interchangeably by the way, but I'm talking about the same thing okay? 

Background Information

The background information is pretty important because it gives you context for what is happening in this article. Without reading the background information, you might just head in there and possibly even come up with an entirely different context altogether, which might screw over your actual analysis and the author's intention. So, never skip the background information. Make sure that you read it and also pick out the gems that you find in it. 

What I've always found is background information is great for picking keywords - words I might want to use throughout my own Language Analysis. It also has really good details about the article. In this case, you can see that there's a member of the public who has responded, which tells us a little bit about the author; it's a 'response' as well, so there's going to be two articles; it's an advertorial - an advertorial is a paid advertisement that looks like an article (I'll use the word advertorial as I'm describing the article in my introduction), and, I also know where it's been published. This is already really good information for you to start using in your introduction. 

Finding Your Own Interpretation

Let's move into the analysis itself. By the way, this is my first time doing this analysis, so we're doing it together. What you'll find is that I come up with particular interpretations that you might not have come up with. I might miss something, you might miss something, and what you'll find is my interpretation is not the only interpretation out there. If you come up with something else, it's totally fine for you to go ahead and analyse it, as long as you can back it up. This is what English is all about, so don't stress if I haven't matched up with you in exactly what I'm saying. You can also use my interpretation as a double interpretation. So, what you could do is go into your essay, write your interpretation and if mine compounds on top of yours pretty well, if it's a great addition to what you're saying, add it in and bam! You're showing your examiner that, you're somebody who can look at one particular technique from several different perspectives and that's kind of cool.

Moving on to the Analysis

So, 'A Better, Faster Shopping Experience'. From what I can already see here is there's this sense of convenience already being brought up. Now, at this point in time, I don't know what the point of that convenience is, but I know for me as a shopper, if I can get something for a better experience and I can get it done faster, then hells yeah, I am all for that. Think about yourself in the reader's shoes, after all, you really are the reader reading this article. Think about how it's starting to impact you. 

I've done a video about the TEE rule previously that goes through T echnique, E xample and the intended E ffect on the audience. Make sure you're familiar with that because I will use a lot of that in today's analysis.

'An open letter to our valued customers. As you know, Hailey's Local Store is not your average grocery store.'  

Interesting. The 'As you know' is pretty familiar. It's this familiarity that this person is sharing with us (the author's name is Hailey, so I'll just say Hailey). She says 'As you know, Hailey's Local Store is not your average grocery store' and repeating that familiar 'As you know' reminds the audience - us - of our long-term relationship with the store. So, in a sense, she's drawing upon our good will and our trust in the local shop, which creates this differentiation between herself (as somebody who's more proactive and customer-centric) and your bigger grocery stores. 

'We're a little bit different - we always put our customers first.' 

At this point, we start to feel valued. We know that we are her priority. Her priority isn't about profits, which a lot of stores are about, it's about the people, and as a result, we're more inclined to look at her in a favourable way.

'We offer lots of healthy meals, many specials, locally source food and, as you know, we abolished plastic carry bags four years ago - long before the big stores.'  

This whole sentence is pretty good because it shows us that she is somebody who is forward-thinking and she has actually carried through with her claim that she puts her customer first. We know that because she follows it up with:

'Why did we do those things? Because you told us that was what you wanted and needed.' 

She's got historical proof of putting customers first, which again, serves to build this rapport and relationship between Hailey and us as her customers.

If I look at the first paragraph as a whole, I see that she's building this up, she's setting this up in a particular way and whatever direction she's going to head in next, we're more inclined to follow her, to believe in her and to support her because she's shown us that she has supported us first. She's helped us out, so why can't we help her out? Again, I haven't read the rest of this article yet so these are just the thoughts that are going through my mind as I'm reading this first paragraph - just to give you a little bit of insight into my brain.

In this first paragraph, I can see that she's using a pretty welcoming and warm tone. If you have a look at the photograph that's been placed at the top of this article - and remember that with particular images they're strategically placed, so if it's placed at the start of the article versus at the end, think about how that impacts your perception of the photograph - for me, the first thing I see when I look at this article is the photo and I see a smiling happy owner. As you can see, the first paragraph serves to back up this photograph as well, with what she's talking about in terms of prioritising customers and valuing customers. You can also see products behind her, which look fresh and full and her shelves are full, so in that sense, it furthers this impression of the local and grounded nature of the store. It feels homey and this invites that comfort and trust from us.

Then, as we move into our second paragraph, I'm seeing a lot of exclamation marks, which gives me the sense of this upbeat, exciting environment, or even tone you could say. I think she's doing this because she wants us to jump on board with cashless payments as well, and to not see them as something that's a burden for us. She ties the advantages of cashless payments directly to the customer’s experience of the store by frequently repeating personal terms, such as 'you' and 'your' throughout these first couple of paragraphs. By the way, I'm not going to write down all the language analysis, because I think there's just not enough space, but me chatting about it with you is good enough. Let's move onto the next paragraph.

'you won't need to go rummaging through your bags for coins. You won't ever have to worry that you don't have the cash to cover your essential food supplies - your card will ensure that you do'.  

Not only is she highlighting the advantage. Here, she's arguing for the advantages of cashless payments by showing you the inconveniences of having cash in phrases like 'you won't need to' and 'you won't ever have to'. I also like the phrase 'rummaging through your bags for coins'. It gives this sense of how cumbersome the nature of physical money is in comparison to cashless payments.

In the next paragraph, she highlights cashless payments with the words 'Simple!' which reiterates her point (from the previous paragraph) about how cumbersome coins can be. She finishes off this paragraph with a 'Welcome to the twenty-first century.', so there's this sense of being forward in her decisions and that we should be as well - because nobody wants to be left behind in history. A lot of us like to think of ourselves as people who are open-minded, open to change and will take up things that are better for us, things that are more convenient for us.

So, she's saying that this is it for twenty-first century, join us over here rather than way back when, when we had to use coins. She also highlights 'mobile phone[s]', 'smart watch', 'smart ring' - many things that a lot of people have and this just compounds that idea of, 'yeah, this is a no brainer' essentially. Why shouldn't you move to cashless payments if you're already immersed in this tech world of having mobile phones, smart watches, smart rings, etc.?

She moves into talking about the wider economic context of Australia in this next paragraph. That sense of time I was talking about, comparing the now - the twenty-first century - with a decade ago, you can see that link right here. It's very obvious now. She creates a strong impression of societal inevitability of this technological change, especially because she cites statistics - '70 per cent of household spending was in cash; now it's half of that.' I can see in the next paragraph that she uses expert opinion as well - the 'Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia'. This all connects to this main phrase that we are in a ‘turning point’ now, that cash will be rapidly phased out until we become a cashless society and we should join her; we should make moves on this otherwise we're going to get left behind. 

I like that she's bringing in Australia because it also brings in this additional sense of pride on our behalf. We're Australians, we're proud that we've been one of the biggest users of electronic payments in the world, we're the ones who are making waves, we're the ones who are putting our feet forward first. So, you could talk about appeal to patriotism here as well. It's interesting because here she says that she's a leader, or 

'We've always tried to be a leader in our community and respond to our customer's needs.'

What do you think when you think of a leader? Typically for me, I admire leaders. They're somebody I look up to and I want to follow in their footsteps essentially. So by positioning herself as a leader, I think that's pretty interesting because she's telling us, ‘Hey, I've done all this thinking, I have initiative, I am forward-thinking, so come with me, join with me on this cashless payments movement.’

'you'll breeze through a check-out'  

I like the word 'breeze through', or just 'breeze' because it connects again, back to this idea of convenience with a faster shopping experience, and it is juxtaposed against that cumbersomeness of 'rummaging through...bags for coins'. Something to think about is: as you analyse an article, you don't just have to analyse it chronologically or talk about it chronologically in your essay either. If you see things that connect later on, connect them in your essay and put them together, because what you're showing your examiner is that you can see not just the minor details - i.e. language techniques in each sentence - but you can actually zoom out and see the overall picture, how the arguments are coming together and how she's structuring her piece so that we walk away with a certain perspective. Think about that in a two-step method. There's the zoom in where we're looking at sentence by sentence and what techniques are there, which is basically what we've been doing, but at the same time, you can zoom out and have a look at how the different techniques all come together and work as a whole. If this is something that you're not too comfortable with just yet, just stick with the chronological order and working through the sort of minor details. And then on your next read, you can read through with the focus of, 'okay, what if I was to look at this from a more holistic perspective?' 

We talk about this 'zoom in' and 'zoom out' technique in How To Write A Killer Text Response .

Ahh! I didn't even look ahead enough, there are more words and more phrases that connect to the idea of convenience and ease. It’s 'faster', ‘will save you time', 'safer' as well?! There's a new appeal. It's not necessarily new, it's just a different angle you could come from. If you wanted to talk about the sense of security, that appeal to safety, then you could do that as well. 

'it means not having to spend hours sorting, storing and securing cash'

So, more cumbersome notions. And then in comparison,

'more time', 'We understand the concerns a minority of our customers may have.' 

I love when they do this, acknowledging the opposition essentially is what she's doing. She's saying, ‘yup, like, I can hear you, not all customers want this. Some of you don't.’ And my assumption is that she's going to back it up with her own rebuttal. This not only pulls along the people who are already supportive of her, but she's also trying to pull along those who are a little bit more sceptical of this idea of cashless payments. So let's see, she says, 

'What if you prefer cash, don't feel comfortable using credit or debit cards, or don't have a mobile phone or smart watch? We don't want to leave anyone out. For the next three months we will offer cashless payments, but still accept cash to people to give people time to adjust.' 

It's interesting because she is again, building up this position of hers, where she is friendly, she is helpful, she is thoughtful and she cares about her community. Something you could also say, and this is if you're looking at things more pessimistically, is that she's doing this more so for herself. By saying that these people have three months, there's this unspoken pressure that's happening as well. She's putting pressure on the minority and emphasising the supposed inevitability of a cash-free shopping experience. Even by just saying 'minority' that's in a way applying pressure as well, because it's saying that you are part of this smaller group, the smaller group of people who won't come with us or have not yet come with us, so join us. There's a very clear expectation that these customers need to adapt and catch up. 

Want to see these ideas and annotations turned into a full A+ essay?

If you want more, I have also got a fully written up 2019 essay based on the articles that we're analysing today in my How To Write A Killer Language Analysis study guide. In that study guide, not only do I have the essay for 2019, I also have a fully written up essay for the 2017 & 2020 VCAA English Exams , and we're always working on adding ones from future years as well. Plus, there's heaps of sample A-plus essays in there already and heaps of information that I think will be super helpful for you before you move into your SAC. So please, go ahead and check that out! It's loaded with value and I know it'll be worth your money.

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The best persuasive speech topics for 2023 – the ultimate student guide.

Giving speeches can be incredibly intimidating, no matter if it’s for school, a job, or a conference. We’ve got you covered! Here are the top persuasive speech topics for college students.

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Giving speeches can be incredibly intimidating, no matter if it’s for school, a job, a conference…it’s scary!

What’s even a little more intimidating is giving a persuasive speech. I remember when I took a class where we had to learn the “art of persuasion,” as they call it, and it was unnerving knowing that I had to try to get a group of people in my class to agree with me on something they may have entirely different opinions about.

While I had to take an entire class to sort of understand how a persuasive speech works, I did all of that so you don’t have to.

This is a one-stop-shop to persuasive speeches, from learning what they are, what makes them up, tips on how to write and present, and even 140 persuasive speech topics that you can either use yourself or use as a jumping-off point to find something you like even more!

In this post:

What is a Persuasive Speech?

Components of a persuasive speech, tips to write a good persuasive speech topic.

Top Persuasive Speech Topics on Health

Top persuasive speech topics on religion, top persuasive speech topics on the arts, top persuasive speech topics on sports, top persuasive speech topics on economics, top persuasive speech topics on entertainment, top persuasive speech topics on academics, top persuasive speech topics on ethics, top persuasive speech topics on the environment, top persuasive speech topics on fashion, top persuasive speech topics on motivation, top persuasive speech topics on travel, top persuasive speech topics on technology.

A persuasive speech has one very clear goal – for the speaker to convince (or persuade) the audience into believing or at least accepting the speaker’s specific viewpoint.

Mastering persuasive speeches can be super helpful in a bunch of different fields. Whether you’re in an actual debate, trying to land a sales pitch, in a law office, or even just in a classroom, persuasive speaking is incredibly common in our everyday lives.

Even though we use persuasive speeches or language throughout our day-to-day lives, persuasive speeches can be traced all the way back to Aristotle! He came up with the components of logical reason (logos), human character (ethos), and emotion (pathos) – but we’ll get more into those in a second.

Persuasive speeches are important to master because understanding how to craft and eventually present them means you are picking up incredibly vital tools.

Learning how to capture the attention of an audience, organize information in a logical and clear manner, and connect with an audience so that they trust you enough to believe what you’re saying will not only make for a great speech, but will set you up with tools that you can carry into different situations.

So, now that you know a little bit about what a persuasive speech is and what its goals are, let’s get into the…

When I was a junior in college, I took an entire class about the art of persuasion.

Now, I took a whole course on it, so obviously there is a lot to creating a strong persuasive speech, but here are the main components to keep in mind for when you start building one.

Ethos: this is the part of a persuasive speech that builds trust and establishes credibility.

Ethos can be used throughout, but you mainly want to use it at the beginning of your speech, in the introduction. It’s a way of getting the audience to trust you.

One way to create a strong ethos is by sharing a personal story of how you connect to the topic of your speech.

Another way is to tell the audience what authority you have in giving the speech – i.e., if you’re a doctor presenting about economics, the audience might not think you have as strong of credibility, whereas if you were a doctor presenting about the importance of a healthy diet, it would be easier to trust the information.

eggs with silly drawings on them

Pathos: now, this is all about emotion.

My professor would always advise us on the importance of a strong emotional appeal when giving a persuasive speech.

While at first, I didn’t necessarily get what she meant, when I wrote my speech about the importance of birth control coverage, I learned that my argument was stronger when I told the audience why I was passionate about the subject.

Kind of like with ethos, where the audience wants to make sure the speaker is knowledgeable about the subject, pathos makes a persuasive speech more convincing because the audience sees and hears the passion in what you’re saying.

When I started my speech talking about my own personal struggles with birth control, my argument was much more convincing than if I had just started with facts and figures, because the audience got to see a side of me that let them know what I was saying was raw and real.

white, red and yellow calendar

Logos: even though you don’t want to start with the facts and figures, logos are probably the most important part of your speech, because it’s all about logic and providing support to your argument.

After telling the audience why I was so passionate about fair access to birth control, I started sharing statistics that demonstrated how many individuals do not have access to any contraceptives.

Logic and reason, here, are usually provided through evidence or stories that can be used as support. If you think of your speech kind of like an essay, this is the part where you are providing facts to back up your claims – except you’re speaking it!

You can really tell a well-crafted persuasive speech by whether or not the speaker solely relies on logos. Obviously, having credible sources, points, and evidence are all super vital to your argument and ability to persuade someone, but unless you establish credibility and shared emotion, you are just relying on facts.

In the world we live in today, in order to convince someone you are right, you have to appeal to all aspects of their identity, and that isn’t just about the facts.

If there is any advice I can give you when it comes to mastering the components of a persuasive speech and really making sure you get to the hearts of the audience, it’s to outline what you want to say with these three major components in mind.

When I wrote my speech, I started by just telling my story, and then moved into talking about how I researched the topic and looked at many different sources.

In a way, I told the audience that even though I am not a medical professional, my information is credible because I took the time to understand the laws in place, societal perceptions of contraception, etc.

THEN I moved into the statistics, figures, personal accounts, quotations from different laws, and so on.

Throughout the speech, even when I was talking about the logos side of things, I still made sure that I connected my points to my personal experience to keep drawing the audience into my story as well as the facts.

If you really take the time to think about each of these components and making sure they come to life, you will increase your chances of convincing at least one person that what you are saying is right.

Related: 15 Websites to Download Free College Textbooks Online 

So, you’ve finally made it to the part where you must craft your speech. What’s important to remember while writing a persuasive speech is that you want to sound like yourself!

While these tips can help guide you in making sure your speech is well structured, always keep in mind that a speech won’t be very good if it’s fake.

While these tips can lead you in the right direction, just make sure that you add some of your personality – if you’re goofier, incorporate some jokes. Take these tips and make them your own! That’s how your speech is really going to shine.

Without further ado:

Here are also just a few quick tips to carry with you throughout the writing and speaking process:

Now that you have an idea of what you’re doing, the next step is picking a topic. This part can be very intimidating, but don’t worry – I’ve got you covered with a bunch of different persuasive speech topics in different categories!

Top Persuasive Speech Topics (General)

Man speaking in front of a crowd

Legalization and decriminalization of marijuana

A doctor holding a red sthethscope

An open Bible

colorful abstract

Related:  Best Remote Jobs for College Students-The Ultimate Guide

A soccer ball on grass

Pink pig coin bag on a table

A person holding a remote in front of a TV

A person writing besides a cup of coffee

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Open smoke coming from a lighhouse

a lady in a pink floral dress in a field

Dream big text

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

a white robot

I hope these persuasive speech topic ideas have taken at least a little stress off of writing your speech!

Just remember as you look through these that you can argue absolutely any side to these topics or answer the questions in any way you like.

There isn’t necessarily a right or wrong answer – it’s all about finding the side you believe in and trying to convince everyone else to believe it too!

Want more resources? Watch this video on persuasive speech topics!

Happy speaking!




the absolute best persuasive speech topics

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Want to know what are the best habits to cultivate in uni? Look no further as this guide provides you with all good habits for students to succeed in school.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

This post probably contains affiliate links. Our full disclosure is long, but you can find it here.

This post is all about good habits for students!

These are all the good habits for students that they can develop while at uni.

Habits are defined as things that we always do or customs that we have and develop throughout our lives making constant and intensive use of them.

A study habit is a recurring practice of people, mainly students, in which study methodologies, study times, study subjects, etc. can be evidenced and presented.

Study habits are developed in order to improve academic performance, memorization, responsibility, self-management and autonomy of the student, creating awareness about correct educational practices in this.

Study habits are self-developed and acquired, for which reason a study habit that my partner has developed, I cannot have at the same level of development.

This happens because each one of us has techniques and ways by which it becomes easier for us to acquire information and/or memorize it, thus promoting individuality and the construction of personality in the student.

Study habits are the best and most powerful predictor of academic success, much more than the level of intelligence or memory, since habits are behaviors that we acquire by repetition and that, over time, become automated and allow us to face to daily tasks more effectively.

So, if you´ve been trying to do better at school then this article is for you, read it carefully and start changing your habits now!

Table of contents:

10 good habits in class, 10 good habits at home, 10 tips to develop good habits, 10 healthy habits for students, bad habits of college students, how to create or acquire a study habit, 1. clarify any doubt on that same day.

Even the brightest students initially struggle with certain concepts.

Clarify any questions you have the same day if you don’t understand a particular concept that your teacher covered in class.

You’ll stay current on the subject if you maintain this positive habit.

Clarifying any doubts about the subject studied in class is essential since it will still be fresh in your head.

Because if you wait a few days to clarify any doubts, you may no longer remember well what it was that you did not understand or you might just simply give up on the topic.

2. No electronic devices

Mobile phones, such as computers, tablets or video games, are daily stimuli in our lives to which the brain pays attention, consciously or unconsciously, whenever they are within our reach.

Its mere accessibility can cause diversion of attention and lower performance in the study.

Taking this into account, the solution seems clear, right? The devices when studying, better away.

Mobile devices are a great distraction when it comes to being in the classroom because for many studying is boring and, if following the flight of a fly can be entertaining depending on the topic or subject, a mobile is a pocket Disney.

An alert that indicates that a WhatsApp has arrived, a “like” on Instagram, the notice of a new update from your favorite YouTuber… each notification is a “Hello, I’m here. You are getting bored and I have something more fun to offer you. “

3. Arriving on time

By meeting the goal of arriving early to class, and making it a habit, which, although not very noticeable at first, over time generates a very attractive pattern, will undoubtedly distinguish you from others.

And in time you will notice a good attitude in others towards you; because this will generate an unconscious trust in your person and will make you seem reliable to be responsible for a project.

Arriving on time is also essential for your learning, since you will be more focused on the topic taught and you will not miss anything that could be important for your understanding.

To be a successful student you must be organized with your time and always have in mind that punctuality is the soul of courtesy.

Never forget that the golden rules are: If you are 5 minutes early, you are on time. If you’re on time, it’s already late. If you’re late, you’re gone.

Related: 40 Best Books About Learning and Studying

4. stay organized: agenda.

Being organized is critical to academic success, so develop good study habits.

Every day, devote 5 to 10 minutes to organizing your notes and assignments.

When it comes time to study for your next test or exam, you won’t have to scour the internet for the resources you require.

Being organized saves us time and effort.

We waste a lot of time, for example, looking for the papers of each subject instead of having everything organized inside a carpet.

We can also do badly in class by not writing down all the jobs and tasks we have for the week in an agenda, since we can forget them. 

Being organized helps us to be calm and stress-free.

Many times, the mess in which we live is a reflection of the mess that is inside our heads and vice versa.

And also, so much mess inside our heads and having so many things from school to do can affect us and cause us anxiety.

5. Take regular notes

Another successful student’s habit is to always take notes while studying.

Taking regular notes improves your memory power and allows you to easily review topics. 

When students focus and practice a note-taking system that can keep them organized, they are developing a lifelong skill that can help them efficiently process and transcribe data and facts, which is relevant to a variety of professions.

Taking notes forces you to maintain attention and concentration in the classroom, to think about what the teacher says and to write, selecting and structuring the contents of the subject.

The effort to synthesize the information and give it its own shape is a tool for studying that facilitates the subsequent assimilation of the subject.

6. Sitting in the front row

A student who sits in the front of the classroom is more engaged.

You will make more eye contact with the professor and may be called upon more frequently.

It can be intimidating to answer questions in front of the class, but it is a great way to learn.

The average length of a class is an hour to an hour and a half.

In the grand scheme of things, this is not a very long time to remain focused on something that will contribute to the development of our future.

The class will seem twice as long if you drift off during this time.

It’s simple to get sidetracked and hide from the professor when you’re seated in the back of the room.

If laptops are permitted in the classroom, it’s very simple to start Internet browsing and lose all concentration.

It is usually simpler to maintain concentration on the material you are learning if you are in the front of the room.

If you pay attention in class, there’s a good chance you’ll even be able to reduce the amount of time you spend studying outside of class.

Take it slow if moving to the front row all at once seems intimidating.

Discover how simple it is to achieve greater success by starting to advance a few rows each week!

7. Establish communication with your professors

Talk to your professors as soon as possible and as frequently as possible.

Learning how to ask questions, request assistance, and interact with superiors politely will benefit you throughout your life and not just your academic performance.

Your education will be enriched by developing relationships with your professors, and you’ll be able to start a mentoring group on campus. 

You’ll be more likely to ask for assistance or participate in class if you establish a strong rapport with your teacher because you will be aware of the expectations.

Likewise, your instructor will be able to help you more effectively if they are aware of your strengths.

They might even encourage you to pursue additional academic or professional goals in fields where you excel but might lack confidence.

In the end, building relationships with your professors will improve and deepen your college coursework.

This is one of the best habits you can have as a college student for the future

8. Take every extra opportunity to study

Try to accommodate any after-class study sessions or opportunities for extra credit that a professor or teaching assistant might offer.

This not only increases your safety net in case you make a mistake again, but it also demonstrates your initiative as a learner.

This is a great habit for students wanting to excel at their courses, since it will not only show more interest in the class but really understand all the material better.

After class, spend some time reviewing your notes.

Although it won’t take much time, the sooner you complete this task, the better.

You can fill in the blanks and determine what you might need help with by reviewing right away following class, while the information is still fresh.

Related: 30 Effective Study Motivation Tips

9. set short- term study goals.

Setting short-term goals before each study session is a good study habit to keep up.

It’s pretty useless to read through your notes aimlessly in the hope that you’ll remember everything.

Get into the habit of writing down your objectives for the upcoming hour of study before each session.

For instance, if you are studying physics, your objective might be to have all the formulas you require memorized for a particular topic.

After every study session, go over your work by saying aloud everything you learned.

You know you need to spend more time on those specific areas if there is anything you can’t recall.

10. Never study hungry or sleepy

In order for our brain to function properly, it is important that we provide it with all the necessary nutrients.

Thus, you will have a greater capacity for concentration and you will be able to retain information more easily.

Therefore, it is important that you avoid studying when you are hungry, or postpone lunch hours to study longer.

Physiological needs influence the individual’s ability to concentrate.

Because of this, you should always prioritize your diet and make sure you’re full before you start learning.

In the same way, you should never study sleepy.

Drowsiness shuts down the brain’s ability to focus and absorb new knowledge.

Because of this, maintaining a healthy sleep routine contributes significantly to developing good study habits.

Student studying

1. Prepare your study area

Your work area must be arranged according to your preferred method of studying, so the first step is to remove all your dirty clothes from the desk and transfer them to the bed (or better yet, to the laundry basket).

If you find it easy to learn new things while you are in contact with nature, perhaps the best thing for you is to be in a park or in a quiet forest.

But if you need absolute silence, the best thing would be a library or conditioning your room to prevent noise from the street or from the neighbors from interrupting you.

2. Organize your study time

The proper distribution of time in each activity is important when you dedicate yourself to studying.

This advice is often given constantly, but not everyone establishes an adequate schedule of the time they need for daily activities such as study hours.

A practical way to start this organization of your time is to evaluate the available hours you have left in the day after doing your routine activities.

Of that time, establish a minimum (it can be two hours) to study in a fixed and constant way.

Remember that studying in an orderly way will prevent you from feeling stress, since you will obtain positive results more quickly and of course increase your productivity.

3. What do you find harder? Dedicate more time to it

One of the most common mistakes that university (and school) students often make is that they leave the most difficult subjects for last.

There is a certain “fear” of facing the subjects that cost them the most and that is why they postpone them time and time again.

You have to do the opposite!

We all have areas in which we are weaker, and the only way to overcome ourselves is to face them (this also applies to situations in your personal life).

If from the beginning you dedicate more time to that theme that is difficult for you and that you do not like so much, with time you will master it and you will feel the peace of mind that it is no longer a threat to you.

4. Study first, then reward yourself

This is a great study habit that practically no one applies.

What’s more, students generally do the opposite.

Many wait to have the “perfect situation” to start studying, this means: Have eaten before, have played their favorite console games,  have done everything they had pending; and only then begin to feel “comfortable” to start studying.

The truth is that you should do the opposite.

As we said before, set easy goals. The best thing you can do is say: “I’m going to study for 30 minutes and I’m going to focus 100% on my studies, when I’m done, I can play on my console.” Or: “When I finish studying, I’m going to reward myself by eating a pizza, but I can only eat it if I complete the study.”

Incentives are very useful study strategies if you know how to apply them.

5. Take breaks

Studying for hours can be exhausting, and after a period of time without breaks our brain can get fatigued, which is why it is ideal to take breaks as you study.

It is advisable to take at least 10 minutes of rest for every 50 minutes of study.

After the break, you will see how you are ready again to continue learning. 

It is advisable to do a little exercise, stretching or meditation, even a short nap.

Some points you should pay attention to are:

6. Eliminate time thieves

Distractions are the great enemy of study habits. To eliminate them, it is necessary to know and count them.

Which ones occur? When do they happen? How much time do they steal from me? These responses can be fixed with a quick journal.

Once identified, the solution is simple. If they are external distractions, it will be enough to limit them.

For example:

Related: 30 Best Blogs for Teenagers – The Ultimate 2023 Guide

7. achieve goals through micro routines.

Jordan Peterson, a well-known professor at the University of Toronto, created this valuable concept.

This technique entails making goals and writing them down because writing helps us organize and categorize our thoughts.

Once we have written down our objectives, we can more easily carry them out by breaking them down into smaller tasks called micro routines.

The brain rewards the achievement of these micro routines by releasing dopamine as a result of its connection to the primary objective.

In other words, thanks to this, feedback is generated that gradually pushes us to success, which is why it is important that the micro routines are not impossible to comply with since failure in them can produce a negative effect.

8. Follow what you are passionate about

The most successful students like what they learn and enjoy doing it.

Thanks to that passion, every day they learn more and more.

Therefore, another common habit among the best students is that they follow and are interested in current affairs and what the experts think.

For example, if you are studying economics, you must be up to date with what is happening in the economic world today.

Of course, it is important to point out that each student is different and not all of them strictly follow the same study habits.

The best way to become an outstanding student is to try different techniques and find out which ones work best for you.

9. The habit of summarizing 

The habit of summarizing the knowledge of each chapter and each section is scattered and isolated.

To form a knowledge system, there must be a summary after the class.

Summarize what you have learned and capture the key points and keys to master.

Compare and understand confusing concepts.

Every time you learn a topic, you should connect the knowledge points scattered in each chapter into a line, supplement with faces, and form a network so that the learned knowledge is systematized, regularized, and structured, so that you can use it to make associations.

10. Exercise

When performing physical exercise, the manufacture of new neurons is started in the brain areas dedicated to learning and memory.

On the other hand, sports activity allows us to secrete dopamine and norepinephrine, brain neurotransmitters.

This is very important since, in recent studies, it has been discovered that when dopamine and norepinephrine are released in the brain, the information studied is better consolidated in memory.

Exercising stimulates memory by regularly making people identify visual stimuli faster and concentrate more than those who are passive or inactive.

Commitment and responsibility are concepts that are valued by young students, since practicing a sport makes them more organized, prone to taking care of their bodies and not falling into bad habits.

Studying with friends

1. More is not better

Long study days do not guarantee learning, the Kaizen method suggests distributing short sessions of time, but repeated throughout the week, in such a way that they allow generating habitual study frequencies for the person; It is also suggested to distribute specific objectives for each session in such a way that it is easy to assess the progress and motivation per session.

2. Study with friends

The second of the tips to improve study habits is to establish a time to study with a group of friends.

This will help us feel motivated while studying, since we will be in the company of others, not to mention that it will be much more fun than studying alone.

It is also very likely that they will remind you of the date on which you have met, so it is difficult for you to forget.

It will also help you feel more love towards studying since it will become something fun and not just something you´re forced to do.

3. Use Post- its

The next tip to improve study habits is an old way of reminding yourself that you have something to do.

Through sticky notes or post-its.

The idea is to leave them all over the bedroom, bathroom or notebook.

Put brightly colored post-its in places where you know you can’t help but look at them without feeling guilty.

Having a schedule and study habits is the most important part of succeeding as a college student.

You just have to find the one that best suits your needs.

Once you have everything planned, you will notice the improvement both in your study habits and in your personal life.

Depending on your tastes and personality, you may concentrate better away from noise, while your classmates may refer to listening to music, whatever your preference, try to use it when you prepare to study.

This technique will allow you to concentrate and meet the objectives faster, as well as stimulate your creativity and ingenuity.

5. Pomodoro Technique

If procrastination is one of your biggest enemies and you can’t find a way to focus on what you need to do, maybe it’s because you haven’t tried the Pomodoro technique.

Basically, the idea is to use a timer to divide your tasks into 25-minute blocks of time where you must fully focus on what you are doing, and interspersed with 5-minute rest periods.

Once you have completed a complete work cycle, that is, four blocks of 25 minutes, you take a long break that can be from 20 to 30 minutes.

This technique has helped many to improve their concentration and speed up.

The best thing is that there are several apps to help focus that include it creatively in their methodology, among them you can choose Forest, Goodtime, Pomodoro Timer, Focus To-Do, among others.

6. Check your progress

To verify that our study habits meet our needs, it is best to submit to small tests and questionnaires in which we can check the progress in the study and that we use techniques that give us greater performance.

Each student must be aware of their abilities, their ability to concentrate and, according to these factors, design habits and routines that make them move forward and feel that they are meeting their goals.

7. Avoid Procrastination

Procrastination is voluntarily putting off assigned tasks to finally carry them out at a time or date that is close to the deadline set to meet them.  Why do we leave things for later when we know that is not the best?

> Due to lack of self-control.

> We are not interested because we do not see the value of doing the task.

> We are afraid of failing.

> By character traits of each one

How to combat procrastination: 

Determine which subjects or topics are the most important, so that you can start there. Keep in mind that the most important thing is usually also the one with the greatest degree of difficulty. Study up to three important points per day and leave the simpler ones for when your tiredness is greater.

8. Study techniques 

Knowing the learning style that is most comfortable for us is essential, since it allows us to select the study techniques that best fit us. Usually, the most complex issues require the combination of different techniques to address them. Keep in mind that to remember a subject in the long term, you have to understand it at all cognitive levels.

Keys for memorizing: 

your childhood, even if you haven’t read it for a long time, because

you chose to learn and you were interested in remembering it.

mentally, so that you increase your chances of getting it back

together you will build a chain of memories that will configure a

file easy to review later.

Related: 200 “Favorite Things” Questions to Ask to Get to Know Someone Better

9. review and self – assessment.

Information encoding and retrieval is an excellent exercise

to strengthen brain cell connections. Keeping your memory fresh with continual review is the best way to study and decrease forgetfulness. The mind selects the topics it wants

remember, so if something seems boring or uninteresting to you, it is likely that you forget it easily.

Avoid it by applying these tips:

> Define learning objectives before reading or attending class.

> Set the objectives in the short, medium and long term.

> Link them to your personal interests to stay motivated.

Write down the paragraphs after the first reading to master the subjects you study. Recite your content when you finish each chapter and record yourself to listen

your mistakes, which you will write to correct.

Solve the lists of questions, objectives or exercises provided by the author of the text or the teacher.

Practicing the answers in a different order allows you to understand them better and carry out cross-training.

Even if you have no one to explain it to, pretend you do. It helps to digest the information, understand its relevance, the crucial aspects and use

an understandable language that denotes the essence of what you study.

10. Reasoning is better than memorizing

If you can’t understand what you read, it will be difficult to assimilate the new knowledge.

If you only memorize, you run the risk of forgetting the information once you use it, for example, in a test; but if you understand what you study you will be able to make use of what you have learned.

Studying by just memorizing everything causes an effect that makes it appear that the subject is known, but in reality, the knowledge is not acquired at any time.

It is dangerous to study like this, since you can pass a subject, but not an entire degree.

The best thing is to study using reasoning.

1. Keep a good diet

If you are a young student who has just launched ‘independence’, one of the most difficult challenges facing you is eating well.

Not being used to cooking regularly, the temptation to resort to precooked food is very strong, but you should opt for it only in exceptional situations.

It not only harms your health (because it contains large amounts of sugar and saturated fat) but also your academic performance, since a good physical condition helps to study better.

Therefore, prepare a good list of menus, which is as varied as possible, in which there is no lack of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, dairy products, eggs, meat and fish, all in their proper measure.

2. Forget about unhealthy things

Do not resort to or, at least, do not abuse substances that are often used as supposed ‘help’ to study.

We are talking about coffee, energy drinks or drugs and vitamin tablets of different types, unless in the latter case it is recommended by a medical specialist.

All of them, without exception, can generate addiction.

And no addiction is good.

Caffeine, energy drinks and high-sugar foods are part of the daily life of many students who seek to perform well after a hectic routine and little rest.

Although a cup of coffee at the beginning of the day is very effective when it comes to providing energy shots throughout the day, the caffeine contained in this drink, when consumed too frequently, can have side effects on your health.

That´s why it´s good to sometimes alternate them with other natural energizers like vitamins B12, Gingko Biloba, green tea and dark chocolate.

3. Relaxation Exercises

Without a doubt, playing sports is a good way to release stress, but there are many others that you can add to your healthy routine.

One of them is to perform meditation or relaxation exercises, such as yoga or Pilates.

Something especially recommended during exam time but that can be carried out at any time in general.

Between 15 and 30 minutes a day may be enough.

Like for example transcendental meditation which is a technique from India that helps human beings use the full potential of their mind and is important because it allows full relaxation, increases communication skills and increases production at work.

4. Be water my friend

There are many advantages to drinking water.

The recommended daily intake of water is a topic of intense discussion.

We provide the answer: depending on your activity level, health, and complexion, between a liter and a half.

Fruits and vegetables, which should always be a part of your diet, are packed with water and will therefore add an additional half liter to your intake.

About 7 glasses of water per day are the foundation of your health, vitality, and well-being.

5. Learn how to manage your stress

Each person reacts to stress differently.

Some people find that the endorphin high they experience after working out is sufficient to help them relax and refocus.

Others find that it’s taking the time to unplug and engage in manual labor, such as preparing a balanced meal.

Spend some time figuring out what actually calms you down, releases tension, and helps you deal with overwhelming emotions or anxiety.

Sometimes all it takes to feel supported is a brief nap, some meditation, or a cup of coffee with friends.

6. Take good care of yourself

These days, studying involves spending a lot of time in front of screens, which can be quite taxing on your eyes, especially if you’re already taking classes online, watching TV, watching TikTok videos on your phone, and more.

So, remember to take good care of your eyes as well.

This entails keeping your screen at least an arms’ length away from your face, taking breaks from it, and possibly even investing in blue-light-filtering eyewear.

Additionally, you must be mindful of your posture.

How are you currently seated?

Make some quick, healthy adjustments if you’re slouching over a laptop or textbook.

Straighten your back while you sit and raise your textbook or screen to eye level.

If at all possible, purchase a laptop stand or simply place your laptop on top of some books to raise the screen to eye level.

Your shoulders and neck will be able to sit straight as you read your textbooks with the help of a cheap cookbook stand.

7. Walking around

Although it can be considered as an alternative activity similar to the ones mentioned in the previous point, walking deserves a separate point, because in addition to a playful or leisure activity, it is also one of the most complete physical exercises, so going out for a walk is doubly good for your mind and your body.

Going out, meeting people, interacting, is essential when you study at the university.

It will help you to know how things work in the city.

Nothing better, by the way, to force you to walk, and help you maintain healthy habits for university students, than staying in a location close to the university that allows you to walk.

8. Wake up early in the morning

An excellent habit that has many advantages is getting up early.

Students who get up early in the morning can begin the day with a relaxed attitude.

They don’t have to rush to get to school or complete the necessary tasks in the morning.

Additionally, they will have enough time in the morning to study.

They can begin the day in a positive manner in this way.

By getting up early in the morning, you can distribute your time better: exercise, meditate or take advantage of that space where your children sleep for a good read.

It is your time to do what you like the most, it is your morning routine and you can accommodate it as you prefer.

9. Practice gratitude

Regularly experiencing gratitude, like other positive emotions, can have a significant impact on our lives.

Positive emotions are beneficial for our bodies, minds, and brains, according to brain research.

Positive feelings allow us to consider more options.

They improve our capacity to learn and make wise choices.

Gratitude is one of the feelings with the greatest power to attract abundance and well-being into our lives.

Gratitude is directly related to happiness.

When we feel grateful, we value what we have, enjoy our accomplishments, and feel energized.

10. Spend time alone

Get some alone time. I am aware that it is college.

You are free to conduct your own activities as you please.

There are numerous people and activities to engage in.

In college, it’s common to meet new people and network.

Just remember that you also have a personal life.

There is no time for oneself when one is constantly surrounded by others.

It may be exhausting and occasionally overwhelming.

Spending time by yourself is crucial when you need it for this reason.

Make yourself your top priority and make an investment in your stability.

Never fail to congratulate and recognize yourself for all the hard work you put in. Having good mental health is key.

Related: The Ultimate Guide on How to Flirt with a Girl Over Text or in Person

Student Waking Up

1. Procrastination

One of the most common bad study habits in young people is procrastination.

This is nothing more than leaving things for later, especially studying or reviewing the topics seen in class.

Procrastination has important negative consequences in university students, such as loss of time, poor academic performance, increased stress, anxiety and depression. 

When it comes to studying, many people have distractions and choose to watch a series, a movie, call their partner on the phone and even go out to train so as not to spend the afternoon studying.

Although we can sometimes afford an afternoon off, procrastination affects our performance and controls our lives.

The procrastinator, unlike the slacker, intends to perform the action but his brain prefers the satisfaction of putting it off and instead replacing it with something easy and fun.

Those who suffer from this disease often have motivational problems and sustained attention, managing to get distracted by not knowing how to use their collective attention span.

2.  Distractions

The majority of students undervalue the impact of their immediate environment on their ability to study.

Distractions reduce study time and lower the caliber of learning.

When attempting to concentrate on studying, it is crucial to banish all sources of distraction, including mobile devices, television, and computers.

Every effort should be made by students to study in a distraction-free environment that is quiet.

3. Lack of organization to study

Sometimes the only problem you have is that you don’t know how to organize your time and your activities.

In these cases, no matter how much you are interested in a subject, if you do not organize your day, there is no way to dedicate useful time to your study.

Being organized is crucial for students because it teaches them how to set and achieve goals, prioritize tasks, and manage their time effectively.

Additionally, having strong organizational abilities facilitates teamwork and boosts productivity and efficiency.

4. Making negative comments about yourself

Did you know that, perhaps unconsciously, we believe everything we tell ourselves?

Pay attention to how many times you say things like: “I am so stupid!”, “This is impossible”, “I hate English”, “learning English is too difficult”, or “I will never learn to speak English”.

With so much repetition, your brain will get the message, and you’ll certainly feel the effect on your grades.

How to counter this?

Watch your words and thoughts.

Put all negativity aside and replace that internal dialogue with positive thoughts.

How about you start by replacing “I hate English” with “studying English will help me achieve the things I want to achieve”?

You have nothing to lose by trying.

5. Leaving  everything for last minute

One of the worst study habits that we have all done at least once is to leave everything to the last minute.

Contrary to studying little by little and dividing a large workload over several days, we torment ourselves with leaving everything to the last and it is not the best strategy because the night before your stress increases, affecting your levels of concentration and organization.

Even if you think you can do it, you’ll probably always end up sleeping very late, learning little, and getting a bad grade.

It’s hard to stay focused for more than a couple of hours, so trying to spend a lot of time studying at night will mean that little by little you’ll lose interest in what you’re reading and the next day you won’t remember it.

You need to create the habit of studying with time.

6. Laying down on bed to study

It usually happens when you start studying at the last minute and you do it because you get sleepy or feel tired.

It is the worst thing you can do since being this relaxed will make you increasingly sleepy and your ability to concentrate will be impaired.

In addition, you run the risk of falling asleep and not finishing studying.

7. Not resting

Many people obsess over studying and don’t stop for hours, and it’s a lousy habit.

Your mind needs to rest from time to time to process what it learns and not overload it with matter that in the end you will not be able to retain.

Sleeping well is also an important part of the study, since your body and mind rest while you do it, that way you arrive in optimal conditions the next day to give your test.

Studying efficiently is important so that you can really learn what you are reading.

Don’t push yourself too hard or relax too much, as neither extreme will help you perform properly.

And always remember that the more attention you pay in class, the less you will have to review later at home.

8. Studying while doing other things

By this we mean eating, having breakfast, going on the subway, and even listening to a certain type of music.

You are wasting time that you have a rest for yourself, because you are not really 100% focused or attentive to what you are trying to study.

Rest, relax, eat and do whatever you have to do. Once those things are done, go back to the studio.

9. Choosing the wrong people to study with

Choosing the right people to study with is an important factor in your learning performance.

For example, studying with friends could be a great idea if you and your friends are motivated enough and know how to keep going through the more challenging parts of studying.

If you and your study partner end up chatting about other topics, it may be better to study separately. 

Or just get together to test each other with questions after everyone has learned the material on their own.

Studying in a group can be motivating at first, especially when leaving home to go to the library if you’ve met someone.

But it does not have many other benefits.

In fact, it can become a bad habit if you get carried away and end up all of you in the library cafeteria.

And it is not the same to see another person solving a complicated problem and think that you have already understood it than to do it yourself.

10. Superficiality

It is when we do things just to hand them in due to lack of interest or some other reason.

Not delving or investigating enough to have an optimal result of the activity or task that we are doing.

When you don´t care about learning or getting a good grade but just on handing something and not getting a lecture on why you´re not doing your assignments.

The lack of motivation to succeed is one of the worst enemies for any student because, without motivation there´s nothing.

Nothing will stay in your memory if you do everything without desire or motivation.

Related: Friendship Goals – The Ultimate Guide on Building Strong Friendships

How to create or acquire a study habit.

How can you make studying a daily habit? How long does it take to form a study habit?

All of these queries will be addressed, along with an explanation of how to develop or pick up a study habit. 

Let’s start by explaining how the study habit develops.

It must be understood that persistence and tenacity are prerequisites for developing a habit.

Any behavior can be formed into a habit by repeating it regularly and adamantly under all circumstances.

Why is this important?

Because research has shown that the only way for our brain to turn a particular action into a habit is if we repeat it every day.

Although some experts claim that it takes 21 days to develop a study habit, science has shown that it actually takes 66 days to form any habit, whether it be one related to studying or not. 

For example, imagine that you have proposed that every day you will have dinner at 8:00 p.m. and right after dinner, at approximately 20:30, you will start studying until 23:00, then go to bed, read a little and sleep.

This means a change in habits, since until now you used to have dinner at 9:00 p.m. and after dinner you used to watch TV until 12:00.

Carrying out this change in habits and incorporating this study habit into your life will require an effort at first, but as you repeat this routine day by day, that effort will reduce, reaching the point of doing it almost without thinking, instinctively.

It’s crucial to follow your routine every day in order to develop a habit, in this case a study habit, especially during the first 66 days.

You might find it difficult at times, but try to keep things in perspective.

What if your daily routine is all that stands in the way of achieving your goals and doing what you truly want to do for the rest of your life?  

Isn’t achieving your goal, what you’ve always desired, worth the initial struggle? 

So, what are you waiting for, start now!

Final Thought on Good Habits for Students

Whether you’re trying to build a good habit or break a bad one, this list provides you with the all the habits that you might be doing or not to make your student years more enjoyable and easier.

I hope that in this guide you found ways to improve your life in different aspects and to become a better person! If you are interested in more self-development ideas from BLENDtw, check out these articles:

20 Places Where You Can Buy Used Textbooks

15 best websites to download free college textbooks online, 5 surprisingly easy ways students can save money throughout college.



Good Habit Students

Looking for special things to do on Valentine’s Day? We got you. Check out these fun and romantic ideas to make this day unforgettable.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Disclaimer: This post is a paid collaboration. 

This post is all about Things to Do on Valentine’s Day.

Loving someone can be the best feeling you experience. So when you have true love, you must express it in every possible way.

Moreover, to express your true feelings, what can be better than valentine’s day itself? 

A time of the year that is dedicated to lovers to share their love and turn it into a lasting memory.

But the big question arises: how would you make it memorable for your partner? 

Don’t worry!

The following suggestions will be beneficial once you utilize them to make your valentine the best you have ever spent. 

Select A Personalized Present 

Small things make a huge difference. 

So to make any occasion extraordinary, giving presents is the best way to celebrate. 

Even if your loved one is angry for any reason, it still can make them smile and forget all the harshness.

Therefore, you should be sure about what you want to give your lady love. Then, choosing the right valentine gifts for girls will make your life easy, and the recipient will feel loved. 

You must not complicate anything. Instead, remind yourself about the choices of your partner. You may also look to wrap up the gifts in some dedicated packing so that they replicate the vibes of valentine’s day. 

Write A Heartfelt Message 

Things that are not said must be conveyed differently!

So why not write a message to express your feelings that will be unforgettable down memory lane? 

It will be a wave of fresh air in your relationship as people don’t expect such gestures due to technological advancements. 

But old things are still impactful as they were before. 

So you should use this tactic to surprise your partner and express your love. Things that once said might vanish from the mind, but the message you’ll write on the paper will stay with her for longer. 

Therefore, you should try this and stand out from the usual practices. Moreover, it positively impacts the mind and improves mental health when you are happy. 

Cook Something For Your Partner

Going to a restaurant or eating the usual food might feel monotonous. 

Therefore, go the extra mile and do something different. For example, why not test your cooking skills ? 

When you intend to do something different, it is essential to understand that you must try things that you have done before. 

Prepare something that your partner loves eating. 

You shouldn’t be worried if it doesn’t come out perfectly, but not trying is not an option.

We are sure whatever you will make for her, she is going to love it. 

Go On A Drive 

The idea is to have the presence of your partner with you where no one can disturb you!

As it is essential to strengthen your bond with her, with so much hassle, people tend to get less time to spend with their loved ones. 

When you are in love, such moments should be used to the best of your abilities, and you should ensure that your partner recognizes your love. 

So take her out on a drive, play romantic music , and enjoy the journey. 

You both can recall your old memories of the hardships in your relationship. It can also be the best opportunity to resolve conflicts if there are any. 

Don’t forget to take pictures of you both together, as when you look back on such occasions, they bring a refreshing feeling. 

Plan For A Movie Night 

You should make sure to dedicate the whole day to your partner and do only the things she likes. 

So make it more unique and go to watch a movie of your partner’s favorite actor. 

Doing things that your companion likes surely will impact her more. This can be the easiest way to make someone realize that you put their preferences before yourself. 

Therefore, everything will become more exciting while you try to please her. Also, making such a gesture will make your task easy. 

Do Extended Commitments 

Women always seek long-term commitments, as they want to be sure about their future. 

So what better time are you looking to make commitments? 

Therefore, you should make sure to express your feelings for her and tell her about spending the future together. 

Being in love is about ensuring your companion that she holds importance in your life, and extended commitments are the best mode to do it practically. 

So the day that is celebrated for love is the best time to do it. 

Final Thoughts on Things to do on Valentine’s Day

Whenever you find an opportunity to celebrate and express love to your partner, you should not waste it. 

Valentine’s day is the best chance you can have to put a smile on your partner’s face. 

Nature won’t be fortunate to you every time. Therefore, ensure that you do everything in your capacity to maximize this prospect.


Valentine's Day Ideas

Most Awesome Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Looking for the best name to call your best friend? We got you. We have compiled a list of the best 250+ nicknames perfect for all personalities.

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Nicknames are more than just a fun name to call your friend or loved one. They tell a mini story about that person, the connection you have with them and how much they mean to you. They, in a way, signify your bond to that person. 

I don’t know about you, but I don’t give out nicknames easily. They have to be perfectly cultivated to encapsulate every beautiful, or not so beautiful, thing about the person who is given the name.

It can’t be super boring, basic, or plain (unless of course, that person is boring, but you love them for it anyway). A nickname has to be perfect; no if’s, and’s, or but’s about it, the name has to be absolutely perfect.

Now, after hearing my spiel about how important nicknames are, I am sure you are thinking about the fact that your girl best friend doesn’t have one.

I bet the panic is staring to set in now, “Why doesn’t my girl best friend have a nickname???” and “Why is my nickname for my girl best friend so bad?? How can I make it better?” Take a deep breath and worry no more.

Below are the best nicknames for your girl best friend and they aren’t super plain or basic. If you’re looking for names like those, then this isn’t the article for you because plain nicknames are pretty easy to come up with.

But hey, if that’s the perfect fit for your girl best friend by all means, use that nickname. 

Continuing on, below I have taken the nickname game to the next level by organizing all the nicknames into categories.

Simply look through the category that suites your relationship and choose from 50 names, or better yet, use my examples to come up with the perfect custom nickname for your girl best friend.

No matter what name you end up choosing or creating, she will love it!

Before you begin, remember, the nickname process can be a long one and it deserves the time. The perfect nickname can be tricky to find, however, you will know when you’ve found the perfect name because it will fit effortlessly.

Also, if it is the perfect nickname, it may stick with your girl best friend for the rest of her life. So, again, make sure it’s the right name for her! Enjoy the nickname process!

Smart Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Funny names to call your girl best friend, sassy names to call your girl best friend, dirty nicknames to call your girl best friend, sweet nicknames to call your girl best friend.

Smart Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Below are some cute smart nicknames to call your girl best friend who always seems to have the answers to everything.

Now, this could be in life, school, or simply random facts; this girl knows it all and more importantly, this girl deserves the perfect nickname.

Consider the options below!

Related: Badass Nicknames for Guys and Girls – The Ultimate Guide

Funny Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Funny, original nicknames are hard to come by these days. It seems as though every good nickname is attributed to someone you already know; therefore, you can’t use it.

If you find this happening to you, consider the list below. This list contains some funny nicknames you may or may not have heard of before.

If you have, consider them as a steppingstone to help you find or create the perfect funny nickname.

Related: 100 Random Questions to Ask a Guy in 2022

Sassy Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

We all have that one sassy best friend that deserves an equally sassy nickname. If you are struggling to find the perfectly balanced, or not so balanced, sassy nickname look at the list below.

This list has sassy, sassy sweet, feisty, and so many other sassy styles of nicknames for you to choose from.

Browse below and find the best sassy nickname for your girl best friend.

Related: 55 Romantic Questions to Ask your Boyfriend

Dirty Nicknames to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Before you choose a nickname from the list below, make sure that your girl best friend is ok with the nickname.

If she gives you the greenlight, then browse below to find the perfect dirty nickname for her. But again, make sure to confirm that she is ok with one of the names below!

Dirty Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Finding a nickname for your sweet girl best friend is usually pretty easy. There are many cute names out there that you could call her.

However, listed below, are some of my all-time favorites. Use this list to pick the perfect nickname.

Related: 100 Flirty & Dirty Questions to Ask a Guy You Like

Final thoughts on names to call your girl best friend.

Friendships are some of the most important relationships we will ever have, therefore, making sure that your bestie has the perfect nickname is very important.

Some friendships are sweet, while others sassy and feisty, but no matter what type of relationship, a nickname should be fitting for both you and your friend (especially because you will be the one calling them said nickname, so you better like it too). 

Also, I want to say, using a nickname that is coined “basic” or “overused” doesn’t mean it’s bad. It is a way for you to connect with your friend and it will be meaningful to you and her.

Therefore, even if the nickname is “basic”, it will be more than meets the eye because it bonds the two of you. 

If you are struggling or, rather, were struggling to find the perfect nickname, I hope the list above was helpful in finding the perfect nickname or discovering an original one of your own!

No matter what you chose, your girl best friend will love it!



Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

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Persuasive speech topics can inspire an audience and influence change in your community, town, or city. Whether you are giving a presentation at a large conference or converting a college essay into a speech to be given at your high school's auditorium, delivering a persuasive speech is not an easy task. We are here to guide you through this difficult process and provide you with 150 persuasive speech topics that can help you prepare your own inspirational presentation.

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The art of persuasion.

The art of oratory is one of the oldest and most compelling persuasion tactics in human history. The power of speech has been used for centuries by men and women to negotiate peace, start revolutions, and inspire generations. At the source of change, we often witness a great speaker or speech that affected people’s worldviews. King Solomon, Socrates, Cicero, Elizabeth I, Napoleon, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, were all powerful speakers who changed the course of human history.  

Luckily, not every persuasive speech happens on such a grand scale. You do not have to become Napoleon to change the lives of people who hear what you have to say. You might have experienced this yourself – perhaps you have had a teacher who instilled in you a great passion for the study of physics during his lectures? Or you happened to attend a political, grassroots gathering where you heard a speech that changed your attitude towards homelessness or poverty. Or maybe your classmate's presentation revealed something about a novel you were reading in class that made you reflect on your own life and the people in it.

The power of a speech lies in your conviction and delivery of the topic you choose to discuss. A persuasive speech topic can be anything you are passionate about. Yes, it is true; whether you want to discuss the repercussions of the Cuban Revolution or analyze the power of K-pop in popular culture, it is up to you to enthrall the audience with your topic. The key to any successful speech is your confidence and enthusiasm. So, let’s start by examining what makes a speech persuasive.

To deliver a speech takes a lot of guts – not everybody is comfortable with public speaking. But to deliver a good speech takes conviction. Think of it like this: you must believe in the importance of your speech topic to discuss it. This must be something you care about and believe in; otherwise, your topic must be something that drives your curiosity, and you believe that it must be examined further.

Conviction stirs your desire to share this topic with others – you are convinced that other people will similarly find this topic fascinating! Whether it is the importance of recycling or bike lanes, the conviction is what will become the backbone of a successful and persuasive topic choice, as well as drive your desire to give a speech in the first place.

With conviction comes passion. These two elements of a successful speech are intimately intertwined. If you believe in the importance of something, you will be passionate about sharing it with the public.

If we look at some of the most famous speeches in human history, you will notice that conviction and passion are the driving force that makes these speeches legendary. Whether it's Cicero's defense of the Republic in the Roman Senate or Martin Luther King's speech in the defense of civil rights almost two millennia later, both these speakers believed in the importance of their convictions and were passionate about sharing their beliefs. In these cases, even despite the threats of death.

Unbiased Expertise

Conviction and passion should also drive your need to know everything there is to know about your topic. To give a persuasive speech, you must not only show confidence and excitement but demonstrate that you are an expert in the topic of your choice. Granted, if you are a high school student or an undergraduate who's been assigned to deliver a speech in less than 2 weeks, you are not going to become a world-renowned expert in your subject matter. However, as I pointed out, your speech topic should be something you are already passionate about, so you must have done some research and have some knowledge of your topic.

A persuasive speech should be based on facts. It should deliver arguments and counterarguments to show many sides of the issue you choose to discuss. For example, if you choose to discuss the importance of bike lanes, you can present several arguments in support of creating more bike lanes in your town or city, such as safety, decrease in traffic, environmental benefits, etc. However, make sure to include arguments that also show the other side of the issue, such as having to close down several major streets in your city to reconstruct the roads to fit in the new bike lanes and the side-effects of construction for businesses. Presenting both sides of the issue will show your comprehensive knowledge of the topic and demonstrate your professionalism.

Using the bike lanes topic as an example, I want to emphasize that showing unbiased research and knowledge of your topic can win the audience’s favor. You can, and should, still have your own opinion on the matter and defend your conviction in the speech but presenting the audience with both sides of the story is a tactic that will make them trust you.

Additionally, knowing both sides of the coin shows that you have come to your conviction after long and thorough research. You are not just presenting an uneducated opinion.

Taking care of the substance of your speech is the first step. While learning how to properly deliver your speech may seem less important, even the most well-researched and factually based speech will seem weak if the orator does not engage the public.

Though they certainly help your confidence, conviction and passion do not always result in strong delivery. This is understandable since public speaking is not everyone’s forte. While you may be animated and absorbing when you speak of your topic with friends, gripping an audience full of strangers is different.

There are three potential goals of any persuasive speech:

To familiarize your audience with a topic they have never considered before and inspire them to research it on their own. "}]' code='timeline1'>

When you think about it, these objectives are pretty ambitious. Delivery plays a huge part in achieving these goals. It will be hard to move your audience to pursue any of these goals without clear articulation, professionalism, and charisma.

Strong delivery can be developed. Yes, there are those to whom oratory skills come more naturally, but this is rather an exception than the rule. Many successful orators were terrified of public speaking but worked hard to overcome their fears. A good example of this is King George VI of England. Before taking the throne in 1936, he was already an infamously bad speaker. The King trained to keep his speech impediment and nerves at bay once he was crowned and delivered one of the most inspiring speeches against Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich at the beginning of World War II.

Now that you know what makes a speech topic persuasive, let's go over a step-by-step formula that will help you choose the right topic for you. 

Know your audience

It is always a good idea to know who your audience is. Whether you are giving a speech in your high school, or traveling to attend an undergraduate conference, reflect on who will be listening to your speech. Before you sit down to write it, consider whether you can give yourself the freedom to use technical language, jargon, or make inside jokes on the matter. In general, I would advise you to avoid overly technical or niche language. It is never a good tactic for making a persuasive speech – this might alienate a large part of your audience.

However, if you are delivering a speech to a like-minded audience, you may use "industry lingo". For example, if you are delivering a speech at a video game convention, it is likely that many, if not most, attendees will be familiar with the terms and vocabulary you use. You will be able to strengthen your speech by using language that unites you with your audience. In this case, you are encouraged to engage the public by making inside jokes, using niche terminology, and creating a relatable experience with your speech.

Knowing your audience will allow you to develop a language for your speech. It will also allow you to gauge how deep you can delve into the topic of your choice. For example, if you are a young physics aficionado who is giving a lecture on black holes to your sophomore classmates, you might want to consider the fact that many of them have never studied physics in depth. This may help you shape your speech into something accessible and interesting for others.

If you are unsure about who your audience might be, try researching it. It is always good practice to know whom you will be addressing. Not only will it help you prepare the speech, but it will also ease your anxiety about the day of your speech delivery.

Hook the audience

Your opening sentences can hook the audience and guarantee their attention. While it will be the substance of your speech that keeps them listening to you, the opening must be captivating for your speech to have a chance for success.

So, what do I mean by hooking the audience with your opening? For example, you can state a shocking statistic about your topic. It will be especially impactful if it is related to your audience’s experiences, geographical area, community, or hot-topic issue. Here’s an example for an opening sentence for a speech about the importance of bike lanes:

“Last year, the city of Toronto recorded 715 serious accidents involving cyclists, with over 5% of these accidents resulting in a fatality."

Now, if I was living in Toronto, I would be surprised to hear such information; especially, if I have never thought about this before. I am saddened by this statistic and would like to learn how we can help prevent these accidents.

Let’s examine another opening. This time, we will consider a speech topic involving a historical event. For example, if you are captivated by the mystery of Princess Anastasia of the Russian royal family, the House of Romanov, you might start your speech thusly:

“The question of whether the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova survived the brutal execution of her entire family by the Bolsheviks is one of the greatest mysteries of the 20th century.”

This sentence performs several tasks:

The opening sentence is your chance to establish yourself as the expert! You will seem like the authority on this topic, especially if you can pronounce the Princess's name without mistakes. "}]' code='timeline2'>

Coming up with a strong opening sentence is not easy, but very worthwhile for delivering a persuasive speech. If you are having trouble finding the right opening sentence, you do not need to wait to start writing your speech. If you are stuck, move on to the main body of your speech and return to creating a captivating opening later.

To be persuasive, your speech must have a thesis. A thesis is the main argument you are trying to convince your audience of, or simply put, the purpose of you giving the speech. Without a thesis, your speech will be aimless, chaotic, and most likely, unengaging.

And while you can write your introduction after the main body of your speech is ready, you cannot write your speech without a thesis. It will be the landmark, the leading light, of your speech. Everything you say and every fact and argument you include in your essay must support your thesis. Certainly, you will be able to bring up alternative points of view later in the speech, but as we already discussed, your objective is to persuade the audience that your thesis is the correct one.

Let’s return to our bike lanes example. If you are a proponent of bike lanes, your thesis should be more than “Bike lanes are good”. While this can be considered a thesis, it is pretty thin. Instead, find a way to make your thesis compelling, include a supporting statistic, or a benefit of having bike lanes. For example: 

“Having more bike lanes in our city will not only reduce traffic by X% but also allow our city to be at the forefront of the environmentally friendly initiatives happening all over our country.” 

This thesis is clear and introduces the audience to some of the main points of the speech. The listeners get a concise prelude to what the speech is about and what it stands for.

Research and Arguments

Research is always conducted before you sit down to write. While you may have some general knowledge about your topic, remember that you are trying to be as persuasive as you possibly can be. This means that you need the latest statistics, the most up-to-date information, and the strongest support from experts in the field. 

Tip: keep in mind your thesis as you are writing. All your arguments and facts must be in support of the main purpose of your essay. While you should present alternative points of view in your speech to make it well-rounded and unbiased, a strong speech must contain arguments that make it clear that your thesis is the correct one.

Concluding your speech has a twofold purpose. In addition to persuading the audience of your thesis, you must complete your narrative. Give the audience some closure about the topic. On the other hand, you must leave them even more interested in learning about your research. In other words, they must be compelled to explore on their own.

Tip: your conclusion cannot be a dry summary of your thesis and arguments. While you must restate your thesis in the conclusion, you are strongly encouraged to incite an emotional response from your audience. For example:

“More bike lanes will alleviate the heavy traffic and relieve our city from car fumes and soot. It is our responsibility to start making our city more eco-friendly. These small steps will inspire even more initiatives across our hometown and lead to a brighter, greener, future."

In this example, the audience is not only reminded of the main purpose of the speech but is also encouraged to think of other green initiatives that can help their town. The author does a good job of invoking responsibility for the future to encourage their audience to act. 

Want to learn how to choose persuasive speech topics? Check out our infographic:

Now, let’s go over 150 persuasive speech topics that can inspire your own essay and presentation! Note that these are questions that should help you form ideas, arguments, and most importantly, theses. Rather than giving you the thesis upfront, we are encouraging you to come up with your own opinion and answers to these questions.

Your speech should be between 15 to 20 minutes long. Anything longer may lose your audience's attention. If applicable, don't forget to factor in some time after your presentation for questions from the audience.

The best way to approach the choice of topic is to reflect on your convictions and passions. If you are truly interested in a topic, your excitement will be felt by the audience.

Of course, you must be interested in your topic, first and foremost. Secondly, your speech must demonstrate a level of expertise and knowledge that will allow the audience to believe that you know what you are talking about. Thirdly, your delivery will have a great effect on whether you succeed in persuading the audience. Even a well-researched speech will suffer from poor delivery.

Firstly, only practice can really help you improve. Once you have written your speech, read it over several times. Do not memorize it, but rather, remember the structure, the flow of your arguments, your main points. Then start practicing pronouncing your entire speech in front of the mirror. Do this until you are quite confident with the content of the essay. Then, you can start practicing with family members, your friends, and classmates. Ask for their feedback: can they hear you well? Are you being articulate? Does your speech have a logical flow? Did they understand your thesis? Their feedback can help you modify not only your content, but also your presentation.

Your speech should take the form of an academic essay: introduction, main body, and conclusion.

Your speech must have a thesis, otherwise it will be meandering and pointless. A thesis will guide you and keep your essay/presentation well-structured. A thesis is what you will be arguing for (or against, if it's a negatively stated thesis) throughout your speech. And while you can include some alternative points of view in your speech, your thesis will inform every argument you make in the speech.

Typically, you should avoid using overly technical language. Even if you are presenting at a professional conference in front of peers, there is a chance that some of your audience will be unfamiliar with the professional terminology. To be inclusive, you should avoid niche language.

To be frank, there is no such thing. You can make a great speech on any topic of your choosing! Your research, your delivery, and your passion will determine whether your speech is successful.

Acknowledging opposing views and presence of debate will demonstrate your thorough knowledge of the topic. Additionally, you will demonstrate that you came to your conclusion/thesis after researching the topic, rather than simply forming an uneducated opinion.

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Persuasive Speech

Persuasive Speech Topics

Last updated on: Jan 19, 2023

Interesting Persuasive Speech Topics (2022)

By: Caleb S.

21 min read

Reviewed By: Chris H.

Published on: May 5, 2020

Persuasive Speech Topics

Coming up with an interesting topic is one of the hardest parts of the writing process, especially for persuasive speeches. Finding and coming up with impressive persuasive speech topics will help you write a good speech and attract the attention of your target audience - colleagues, teacher and whoever is listening to your speech.

To write an engaging speech, you must come up with a great idea that should engage, inform and persuade your audience. When you have a properly written speech, you are confident that you will be able to convince your audience easily. A good persuasive essay speech will show your audience how knowledgable you are about the topic. The speech must have enough evidence to prove that you have researched the topic thoroughly and your point of view is clear.

However, many students find it difficult to come up with a good persuasive speech topic. Are you also looking for a perfect topic to write your persuasive speech on? Then this blog is for you.

This blog provides you with more than 180 amazing persuasive speech topics for presentation.

Let’s get started!

Persuasive Speech Topics

On this Page

Components of a Persuasive Speech 

No persuasive speech and essay is complete without having these three components: ethics, logic, and emotion. These are also known as Logos, Ethos, and Pathos.

Best Persuasive Speech Topics for Students - 2022 

Following are some more outstanding persuasive speech ideas that you can choose from. 

Simple Persuasive Speech Topics for Kids 

Easy Persuasive Speech Topics for Teens

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for Middle School 

Unique Persuasive Speech Topics for High School Students

Good Persuasive Speech Topics for College Students 

Creative Persuasive Speech Topics for University Students

Great Persuasive Speech Topics on Health and Fitness 

Persuasive Speech Topics About Mental Health 

Animal Persuasive Speech Topics

Music Persuasive Speech Topics

Sports Persuasive Speech Topics

Medical and Health Persuasive Speech Topics

Business Persuasive Speech Topics 

Controversial Persuasive Speech Topics

Funny and Humorous Persuasive Speech Topics 

Fun Persuasive Speech Topics - H2

Easy and Simple Persuasive Speech Topics

Public Speaking Persuasive Speech Topics 

Arts Persuasive Speech Topics

Economy Persuasive Speech Topics 

Entertainment Persuasive Speech Topics

Ethics Persuasive Speech Topics

Environment Persuasive Speech Topics

Fashion Persuasive Speech Topics 

Motivation Persuasive Speech Topics

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Travel Persuasive Speech Topics

Technology Persuasive Speech Topics

Video Games Persuasive Speech Topics 

Here are some good video games persuasive topics for your next speech;

Scientific Persuasive Speech Topics

Education Persuasive Speech Topics

Family Persuasive Speech Topics 

Government Persuasive Speech Topics 

Religion Persuasive Speech Topics 

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What Makes a Good Persuasive Speech Topic? 

Here are the factors to consider to ensure that you pick a good persuasive speech topic: 

Tips to Create a Winning Persuasive Speech

Having a great It's not enough to have the greatest informative speech topic ideas. There are certain standards and hints that may help you generate an intriguing inspirational speech that everyone will enjoy.

Simply put, excellent persuasive speech topics are those that create emotionally or ethically strong arguments, strong, well-researched/trustworthy evidence/arguments, and deal with issues of significant importance.

You must work hard to ensure that each paragraph of your essay is clear, useful and adds value to the reader. Here are some pointers to assist you in delivering a strong quality persuasive speech:

Working from outlines is the greatest approach to guarantee that your essays and papers are well-written. The outline acts as a frame on which you may check your persuading speech. It's the strategy that will aid you in keeping track of where you're heading. When it comes to any writing task, becoming distracted is unavoidable.

Because you'll soon be diving into the task details, it's important that you have this tool to help you stay focused on the ideas you want to tackle. You can jot down all of your thoughts and make sure they're linked. 

If your content makes sense, your audience will stay interested till the end, whether they're reading or listening. There are a lot of online examples for speech outlines that you may utilize as a base.

It's not necessary to use colloquialisms or other unusual forms of speech. It's best to stick with the standard way of expressing yourself. You want people to be compelled to pay attention to your presentation. You should ensure that you are utilizing the correct words in order for your message to be understood.

You may use any words you wish to make your speech interesting, contentious, or inspiring. The complexity of the words you choose should be proportionate to the topic and audience of your presentation.

You may discover a fascinating example of the subject you're writing about. Writing an original forceful speech will be extremely tough unless you are very creative. Look for a dependable custom writing business and purchase speeches online as a simple solution.

You should be aware that hiring a speech generator ensures that you will be able to deliver an outstanding paper on schedule. A professional writer will examine your speech for mistakes and errors, ensuring that you receive an original piece of writing.

This is an innovative approach to finish all of your assignments and achieve the highest grades. A trustworthy academic service employs a team of skilled writers with PhDs from respected institutions. They are educated to deliver you with a wide range of projects, ranging from the elementary level to the PhD degree.

Using a lot of examples is a tried and true approach to illustrating your point of view and engaging your audience. This method helps people accept what you're saying. To appeal to your audience's emotions and intellect at the same time, be sure that these instances have a strong emotional component.

This is without a doubt one of the most valuable pieces of advice ever given. If you're not great at writing, don't worry. Perfection comes with practice. The more you experiment with different things for your persuasive speech, the more you will improve. 

You may also call one of your pals and have them play the part of your audience. Their feedback can assist you in finishing your task in a higher quality.

Hopefully, the above list of persuasive speech topics will help you understand what a compelling speech topic is like. Once you have decided on the topic, the next step is to research the subject matter and start writing your speech.


It takes time and effort to produce a good persuading speech. You must ensure that you've chosen one of the most effective persuasive speech topics and used the proper terminology to express your point. This is your opportunity to voice your opinion freely and honestly, so don't be concerned or reserved.

Keep in mind that even if you don't succeed the first time, you will be able to learn from your errors. You may also seek expert assistance and hire a speech writer online to ensure that you've completed your task correctly.

If you have no idea about the best topic to write your persuasive speech on, professional essay writers can help. is a professional writing service that can help you craft an interesting and engaging persuasive speech. 

We will ensure that you receive a well-structured persuasive speech written by a professional writer. All you have to do is place your order with your initial requirements and get a perfect speech on time. 

Hire a professional essay writer now and get your persuasive speech done the way it should be. 

Caleb S.

Literature, Marketing

Caleb S. has been providing writing services for over five years and has a Masters degree from Oxford University. He is an expert in his craft and takes great pride in helping students achieve their academic goals. Caleb is a dedicated professional who always puts his clients first.

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Persuasive Speech Topics

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Top persuasive speech topics for 2023 is a discussion very important for the current day and age. During the course of your academic life, more often than not, you will have to deliver one or more persuasive speeches. While most students believe that writing a persuasive speech is a nightmare, selecting the right topic is actually harder. Undoubtedly, selecting the right persuasive speech topics for 2023 is an important part of delivering an A1 speech.

Thus, unless the topic is right, no matter what your content and delivery are, you will fail to make an impact. Therefore, one has to be very wise and cautious while making this decision. Consequently, before we jump onto listing the top persuasive speech topics at hand, let’s unlayer some important prerequisites.

Top persuasive speech topics for 2019

What is a Persuasive Speech?

Technically, persuasive speech is a special kind of speech in which an individual has to convince the audience to agree with his/ her point of view. Any persuasive speech is organized in a manner so as to expose the audience to different points at different times. The ultimate objective of speech writing help is to ensure that the audience understands what the presenter has to say and agrees with the views to at least a certain extent.

Undoubtedly, it is humanly impossible to persuade the entire audience to go with one’s point of view with just a single speech. Additionally, as citizens of a democracy, each one of us is entitled to our opinion. Therefore, within limits, persuasive speeches focus on getting maximum agreement on the presenter’s point of view. 

Components of a Persuasive Speech

To make a persuasive speech of utmost effectiveness, it should strike a perfect balance between logical and emotional appeals. Additionally, as a student of persuasive speech, you must understand the difference between these two components. 

Components of a Persuasive Speech

Logical or reasonable appeals refer to presenting the audience with well-researched facts and figures. A logical appeal contains robust and comprehensive statistics that persuade the audience. Consequently, an effective persuasive speech is full of statistics. Thus, it helps the audience believe the presenter’s point of view.

For instance, if you are delivering a persuasive speech research guide on the negative impact of global warming, statistics about the melting ice caps, danger to marine life, etc, can add value to your speech. Logical appeals aim to accentuate the practical applicability of your speech and motivate the audience to believe your stand. Additionally, it triggers a thought in the minds of the audience that such data-driven speech is worth a belief.

Emotional appeals bridge the gap between statistics and a strong audience connection. Best delivered through storytelling, emotional appeals augment the value of your logical statements. For instance, if you simply state that the polar caps are melting at an ‘x’ rate, it might be informative but not yet persuasive.

To persuade the audience with your statistics, wrap them in a beautiful narrative about the consequences of the data you present. Born with the basic human need for emotions, all of us find an emotional appeal to be more persuasive. 

For a persuasive speech to be effective, it needs to balance both components. The absence of statistics or storytelling with emotions will only be a half-baked delivery and will defeat the purpose. If you are not careful with your word choice and style, your persuasive speech might start to look like a scholarship essay. It will not yield desired results.

Importance of Persuasive Speeches

While preparing persuasive speeches, most students wonder if they will have any relevance in the future. Therefore, it is important for all students to note that persuasive speeches have real-world value. Additionally, the ability to deliver persuasive speeches will be an asset to every student while earning a living. Undoubtedly, right from getting a job to excelling in one’s professional career, persuasive speeches can come in handy.

As a result, a persuasive Essay enables students to make a stand not only based on facts and figures but also wrap it in an emotional appeal that the audience relates to. Therefore, strong persuasive speech delivery is a must for every student looking to make it big. 

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023

It goes without saying that the foundation of a good persuasive speech lies in the topic you select. Therefore, make sure that the persuasive A1 speech topics for 2023 that you select are close to your heart. Undoubtedly, to make an emotional appeal to the audience and bend their support in your wing, it is important for you to believe in the topic.

Unless you are convinced about what you are putting out there, you will be unable to convince the audience either. Therefore, begin your search for the top persuasive speech topics for 2023 with a basic understanding of the topic. Thus, without a comprehensive understanding, you cannot make a point. Therefore, complement your understanding with impressive storytelling to ensure that you have a good narrative for the topic you select. 

Thus, let’s delve into the list of top persuasive speech topics for 2023 that you must check out-

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 in Arts

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Economy

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Entertainment

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Academics

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Ethics

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Environment

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Fashion

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Motivation

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Travel

Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 on Technology

Thus, the above-mentioned are but a few persuasive speech topics for 2023 that you may consider taking up. However, if you have to write a persuasive speech and are unable to nail it on the head, why not consider taking help from TutorBin . With a network of subject matter experts, they deliver exemplary persuasive speeches.

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persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

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Best Informative Speech Topics to Impress the Reader

23 Aug 2022 29 minutes read 70071 views

Table Of Contents

What Are the Names of 4 Types of Informative Speech and Its Examples

Some current topics for speech 2022, what are some good informative speech topics, good informative speech examples, best tips for choosing the suitable topic.

It is indeed a nightmare that only a few students know how to write an effective informative speech. Most of the time, it happens because of a lack of knowledge regarding choosing an engaging topic. This blog presents 220 informative speech topics based on business, economy, ethics, religion, environment, and many others. This blog is not only helpful in knowing some topics but also to draft the best assignment that possesses the ability to grab professors’ attention and score the grades you deserve.

Unique Informative Speech Topics - When it comes to writing an informative speech, only a few students are proficient at it while for others, it’s a nightmare. And, the trick which has created this difference is choosing an engaging topic. Not everyone is able to do it. The entire effort can go in vain if you don’t pay too much attention while picking up the topic for an informative speech. Selecting an interesting subject matter is important because it holds the readers' attention. But, it might have happened that you fail to pick a suitable topic when your professor has asked you to choose your own. Well, you don’t have to worry about this anymore. Here, our expert assignment writer  has enlisted the best topics to write an informative speech. But, before that, you should know what does the term informative speech means.

What Is Informative Speech?

An informative speech is a type of speech that uses descriptions, demonstrations, vivid details, and definitions to explain a particular subject, person, or place. The main advantage of an informative speech is that it makes a complex topic easy to understand for the audience. So, from next time whenever your professor asks you to write it, choose any of the topics which are listed below from different genres.

What Are the Goals of Informative Speech?

Informative speech enlightens the audience about specific topics that they don’t know anything about. The topics of informative speech can be definitive, descriptive, explanatory, and demonstrative. They might talk about various issues like the latest software update in computer technology, the new scientific approach is taken in the field of medical science, space and natural resources, new launch into the cosmetic industry, etc. It depends on the speaker to present the topic in such a way that it interests the reader and makes him listen. The speaker delivering the speech should focus on visual effects more and less on persuading the audience with emotions. Using these ways can make the audience feel alive, and these conversational ways are easy to retain the information for a long time.

Imparting information to the audience requires a detailed study and is done in different ways. There can be various kinds of people in the audience that may not be able to receive the information by just listening to it; they might want to see the ppt and learn, or there might be some people who need to be emotionally active to gain the information and therefore require live examples to understand certain things.

Thus, informative speech is divided into four broad categories, these are-

1. Definition Speech

When you try to explain a certain concept, a term, a theory, a definition, or explain any philosophy to the target audience about a particular topic, it is called definitive speech. The information can be related to agriculture, environmental issues, sports, or about a specific person. The speaker has to make the audience understand the subject and the core points about it. To educate the people is the goal of the definition speech. For example, if a person talks about any freedom fighter or an important figure of the country, then the speaker is using a definition speech. 

2. Explanatory Speech

When you give a description or explain something to a group of people, it becomes an explanatory speech. And when it is something to explain, it can be complex information also. Take an illustration of industry conferences where a person explains certain policies, data, and facts with the help of a visual representation.  It helps the audience to comprehend the complex data in a simplified way. It is the responsibility of the speaker to use such tactics to simplify the information, which can help the audience to retain it. 

3. Descriptive Speech

If you are listening to a person describing some event, happening, or an object’s features and hearing that if your mind creates images and shapes, then the person is using descriptive speech. Using images to make someone understand something is the main focus of the speaker using this form of speech. For example, to make children understand about the animal species, a smart move is to make them watch the discovery channel for it. 

4. Demonstrative Speech

It is a how-to method in which steps are explained through a speech to complete some task. If you’ve ever attended a cooking class and the chef teaches you to make something that requires tons of steps, then that is the usage of demonstrative speech. To move from one step to another in any activity by imitating someone is an example of this kind of speech.

1. Can a teacher be a friend of a student on social media platforms? Should this be allowed?

2. Our education system promotes theoretical knowledge and not practical knowledge; why? 

3. What are the advantages & disadvantages of teaching more than two languages in the school?

4. What are some misbeliefs about Hypnosis? State some popular uses of it.

5. What will happen if finite resources were not completely used?

6. Why steroids, sprays, and antibiotics are harmful products to the human body?

7. How fast food is the biggest problem in America? What are its effects?

8. Insomnia and its types.

9. Alzheimer’s disease: Its effects and causes

10. What is ancient Egyptian art known for?

11. What Olympic events did ancient Greece have?

12. The great artworks in history.

13. How English connects the different parts of the world.

14. Mystery of the mind of Edgar Allen Poe.

15. How a book should be written. 

16. Poetry and its kinds.

17. How Spotify damage the skills of new artists.

18. How our body image is being hurt by the media?

19. The after-effects of fallacious advertisements.

20. Important female figures in the media.

21. How Disney produces and distributes short animated films.

22. The importance of the Air Force.

23. The branches of the military.

24. How women and children get victimized in war, in torn societies, and around the countries?

25. Australia’s environmental problems.

When it comes to writing an informative speech, only a few students are proficient at it, while for others, it’s a nightmare. And the trick which has created this difference is choosing an engaging topic. Not everyone can do it. The entire effort can go in vain if you don’t pay too much attention while picking up the topic for an informative speech. Selecting an interesting subject matter is important because it holds the readers' attention. But, it might have happened that you fail to pick a suitable topic when your professor has asked you to choose on your own. Well, you don’t have to worry about this anymore. Here, our expert assignment writer has enlisted the best topics to write an informative speech. But, before that, you should know what does the term informative speech means.

Persuasive Informative Speech Topics on Business

1. Explain psychological tactics for marketing your brand? 2. What are the advantages hidden behind enterprise resource planning? 3. What is the importance of on-job training for an employee? 4. How is an appraisal good for an employee’s skill development? 5. What is the need for growing personal power in your business? 6. What are the advantages hidden behind enterprise resource planning? 7. Is multi-level marketing beneficial? 8. Tricks of nailing the negotiations on your first client meeting.

Good Topics for Persuasive Speeches on Economy

9. What are the impacts of price and demand on agricultural products? 10. Define the Analysis of the necessity of education for the economy 11. How does progressive taxation impacts the provision of social services? 12. Give a brief explanation of the economic growth of the People’s Republic of China. 13. Should people over the age of 65 travel on a bus for free? 14. Should the federal minimum wage be increased? 15. Why should all interns pay for their work?

Public Speaking Topics on Art and Culture

16. Should all national museums be kept free of charge for all citizens? 17. Should graffiti be considered an art? 18. How should offensive language be removed from works of classic literature? 19. Should health insurance cover art and music therapy? 20. Why should all students be required to learn an instrument in school? 21. Paper books or e-books, which one is better?

Unique Informative Speech Topics On Communication

22. Enlist a few simple yet tricky tips regarding communication. 23. What are the reasons that make smile to be regarded as contagious? 24. What should you follow to deal with communicative disorders? 25. What are the effective tips to become a persuasive speaker? 26. How deaf people portray their feelings? 27. What are the differences between women and men on the concern of communication?

Interesting Informative Speech Topics on Ethics

28. Should people be required to shovel snow from the sidewalks in front of their house? 29. Should adults be able to drink alcohol at their home, if they have their parent’s consent? 30. Should gun be allowed on college campuses? 31. Is it better to live together before marriage or to wait? 32. Should affirmative action be allowed? 33. Should prisoners be allowed to vote?

Oral Presentation Topics on Environment

34. Explain the impact of inorganic and organic fertilizer on maize. 35. Mention the benefits of implementing an organic culture. 36. Why is the shortage of water an important issue? 37. Outcomes of destroying the environment. 38. How can fabrics be recycled worldwide? 39. Why is renewable energy the best?

Informative Speech Ideas on Religion

40. Should women be allowed to become priests? 41. Should religious organizations pay taxes? 42. Should priests be allowed to get married? 43. Should countries be allowed only to accept refugees with certain religious beliefs? 44. Should public prayer be allowed in schools? 45. Why should the religious slaughter of animals be banned?

Good Persuasive Topics on Technology

46. Why should self-driving cars be made legal? 47. Should all new buildings be energy efficient? 48. Will robots reduce or increase human employment opportunities? 49. What age children should be allowed to keep a cell phone? 50. Should libraries be replaced with unlimited access to e-books? 51. How violent video games encourage players to become violent in real life?

Best Topics to Write an Informative Speech on Animals

52. Define the role of cats in history. 53. What are the best ways to care for hermit crabs? 54. Which are the best pets to keep? 55. How ants sustain their livelihood? 56. Describe the different types of tropical fish. 57. Name the exotic breeds of cats. 58. How to raise rabbits with care? 59. Describe the beauty of wolves. 60. How to keep the house hygienic after having a dog? 61. Different ways to care for snakes.

Best Informative Speech Topics on Traveling

62. How can students get a great vacation sale? 63. Enlist the best cruise vacations. 64. Name the famous parliament buildings. 65. Tips to test the quality of water when traveling. 66. Interesting underground railroad systems in the world. 67. Describe the benefits of wind tunnels on transport. 68. How the discovery of the famous temples in the Maya culture done? 69. Explain the influence of global warming on Alpine skiing. 70. What are the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World? 71. How Wright brothers designed their first flight? 72. Why is a replica of the Titanic built? 73. Why the unsinkable ship “Titanic” sank?

List of Informative Essay Topics on College

74. Explain the Benefits of a college degree. 75. What are crimes occur on college campuses? 76. Healthiest foods to eat in the campus cafeteria. 77. How can students stay safe on a college campus? 78. How can students use e-Library for research? 79. How to over seniority, if there is any problem? 80. How to buy cheap textbooks? 81. How to pick a major? 82. How to do a quick study to pass a test? 83. Why is saving money being a college student important? 84. Explain the story of how your school was founded 85. Ways of reducing college dropout 86. Is binge drinking a problem in your college campus? 87. Describe your favorite club or organization to visit during school life.

Incredible Informative Speech Topics on Fitness

88. Why is eating healthy food important? 89. How to fix a regular exercise time in your daily routine? 90. How can depression and anxiety be cured? 91. Harmful effects of nicotine in the body. 92. Mention the most nutritious fruits? 93. Why is milk an important diet? 94. How many hours should everyone spend in the gym? 95. Describe the effective methods of losing weight. 96. How is smoking an awful habit? 97. Reasons for obesity. 98. Benefits of being a vegetarian.

Interesting Topics to Write an Informative Speech on Conflict

99. Is Iran responsible for the war in the world? 100. What are the causes behind the first and second world war? 101. Write an informative speech on understanding the culture of violence in Iran. 102. How do countries respond to cases of war? 103. Explain the long-term effects of genocide in Rwanda. 104. What are the consequences of the war on the citizens of Darfur? 105. How to handle the conflicts occurring at your workplace? 106. How does conflict affect both the powerless and the powerful countries? 107. Do suspicion and lack of trust happen during the cold war? 108. What are the major causes behind the war in the middle east? 109. Why is there tension between the USA and North Korea?

Informative Speech Topics for Students Studying Politics

110. State how our judicial independence happened. 111. Give a brief description of the United States' culture of politics. 112. Explain the growth of democracy around the world. 113. How to improve the electoral systems? 114. Differentiate between totalitarianism vs. authoritarianism. 115. Terrorism: its social and economic effects. 116. Causes behind increased terrorism in the world. 117. What are the tactics used by terrorists? 118. Problems behind domestic terrorism and democracy. 119. Explain the history and growth of political terrorism. 120. Is there any global policy on terrorism? If any, explain.

Best Marketing Informative Speech Topics

121. How have global corporations influenced people’s decisions? 122. Explain the different methods for determining the most effective and appropriate marketing strategy. 123. Mention the simple techniques to avoid marketing errors. 124. Enlist the best marketing tips for a shoe company. 125. What are the parameters you should keep in mind while arranging an ad campaign? 126. Negative and positive effects of online marketing 127. What role does an advertising thesis play in a marketing campaign? 128. Unethical advertising content. 129. The essence of having an analytical section in any business essay. 130. Should you include an advertising topic in your company’s primary activity? 131. Use of social media in business marketing.

Short Informative Speech Topics on Relationship

132. How to become a good friend with a stranger? 133. Parameters to choose your friends. 134. How to interact with your in-laws? 135. How to make a marriage work happily? 136. How to rescue yourself when a blind date went wrong? 137. Mention five different types of friendships. 138. Explain the history of online dating, how it started.

Impressive Topics of Finance to Write an Informative Speech

139. Why are banks getting paid twice for the mortgage? 140. How to save money in college? 141. How to build credit in the market? 142. How can income tax be saved? 143. How to apply for a credit card? 144. What are the basics of financial aid? 145. Explain the importance of saving money. 146. How to choose stock market trends? 147. What is the procedure to buy a house? 148. Tips to use internet banking safely. 149. Mention the best investment strategies. 150. How to sustain livelihood on $5 a day? 151. How can you deal with money problems? 152. Explain the history of our currency briefly. 153. How the US Dollar affects the Euro? 154. How does a debt relief program work? 155. Does China have a serious stock market? 156. What are the different stages of poverty?

Informative Speech Ideas on Food and Drink

157. Differentiate between Gatorade and Powerade. 158. How to cook a delicious dinner within 30 minutes? 159. How to grow your own food? 160. Different types of coffee in the world. 161. How to cook a tasty vegetarian lunch? 162. How to make an exotic cocktail? 163. 10 famous cheese in the world. 164. Mention the best exotic fruits that are delicious. 165. How to make a Chinese dish?

Creative Informative Speech Topics on Automotive

166. Buying or leasing a car, which one is better? 167. How to choose the best tires for your car? 168. How to make your car run faster? 169. What are the basic features you should look for in a new car? 170. Which engine oil is the best and how? 171. Safety tips for riding a bike. 172. How to drive a stick shift in 9 easy steps? 173. How were motorcycles invented? 174. How to change a flat tire quickly? 175. Mention a few great American muscle cars.

Best Topics on Sports to Write an Informative Speech

176. Should female players be allowed to play with male players? 177. How to do a walking handstand or a cartwheel into the splits? 178. Netball or hockey, which one is more dangerous? 179. Explain the benefits of playing sports for all ages. 180. Why is ESPN so good at televising spelling bees? 181. The topmost miserable fan base in the world. 182. The importance of sports and games in everyone’s life. 183. What should you carry in your golf bag? 184. The history of professional fighting. 185. The worst trades in sports history.

Public Speaking Informative Speech Topics on Self-Help

186. Explain the difference between boundaries and limits. 187. What are the benefits of affirmation? 188. Goals you should accomplish in the upcoming years. 189. How to present yourself with confidence? 190. Why is it important to be yourself? 191. How to control your anger? 192. How to make an excellent first impression on anyone? 193. Tips to prepare for a job interview 194. How do your actions determine your future? 195. How to improve your communication skills ? 196. How to set goals and accomplish them? 197. How to enhance your public speaking skills? 198. How to motivate yourself? 199. How to make your life meaningful? 200. How to make a big decision in your life? 201. How to win an argument? 202. How to boost your self-esteem? 203. How to be happy even after being single? 204. How to avoid procrastination?

These are the best 200+ informative speech topics that we have promised to provide you since we try to give the best assistance to the students, so here we have mentioned a few golden tips to pick a topic by own.

All of the above informative speech examples show that if a person is describing any issue, speaking on some topic, disclosing any new policy, explaining something using visual presentations, and demonstrating any new technique, then that person is using one of the four types of informative speeches discussed above.

Now let’s move ahead to some tips to choose informative speech topics.

An amazing yet meaningful topic creates all the difference, that’s why here we have listed the best tips to frame an informative speech topic.

So, this is all from our side. No doubt, you have got the best topics to write an informative speech as well as the tips mentioned above will surely help you out, if you to frame a topic by own.

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515 Powerful Persuasive Speech Topics [2023 Update]

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

Do you need a speech to inspire people, strengthen their confidence, or change their minds? Convincing skill is an essential part of a successful debate speaker. Want to dive into this exciting field of knowledge?

So, let’s get down to the business!

The Place4papers analyzed numerous scholarly and professional materials and created this article. Here you will find the following solutions in a brief and well-structured form:

Topics, tips, and examples from this tutorial will strengthen your persuasive skills.

✅ How to Choose a Good Persuasive Speech Topic

🌋 15 persuasive speech topics in 2023, ⚖️ advocacy speech topics, 🐂 persuasive speech topics about animals, 👔 business persuasive speech topics, ⛪ christian persuasive speech topics, 🌱 environmental persuasive speech topics, 🍔 persuasive speech topics about food, 🙋‍♀️♀ feminism persuasive speech topics, 🎵 persuasive speech about music: ideas for students, 💼 political persuasive speech topics, ✨ psychology persuasive speech topics, 📱 persuasive speech topics on social media, ⚽ sports persuasive essay topics, 👍 unusual persuasive essay topics, 😊 easy persuasive speech topics, 🤣 funny topics to argue about, 📚 persuasive topics for high school, 👉🏽 persuasive speech tips, 🔥 conclusion, 🔗 references.

Would you like to know how to pick an excellent persuasive speech idea for the exact situation?

Depending on the purpose, you should select a particular field of knowledge . You can use the funny, unusual, or easy criteria during brainstorming. This choice narrows down the investigation area significantly.

You need to think about the ideas that reflect your inner state and attitude to the discussed issue. In other words, select the side defending which you feel comfortable.

Of course, the opposite concepts are also applicable. You should prove that your point of view is correct. It also needs to be reliable or solve stated issues.

Try to argue with yourself. It may reveal the audience’s possible attitude towards your opinion. The method helps you to build a strong line of defense and achieve the goal.

Bottom line:

Argumentative speech skill teaches you how to debate or prove any point of view. It helps people solve various life problems. Besides, information delivery becomes more efficient.

4 Steps to an Excellent Speech

What if you want to discuss something interesting? For instance, you found the information in official news sources.

Take a closer look at this section.

The traditional advocacy persuasive speech should not be about something general. You need to discuss a specific problem. However, modern requirements do not prohibit using jokes and acting during your speech.

It is necessary to state a problem and explain its significance. You also need to provide the audience with a legislative solution. Knowing that, check out the following advocacy speech topics we created for you:

Do you like animals and want to protect them?

What are you waiting for?

You may see and meet animals almost everywhere. While some people have them as pets, others prefer watching them in a natural environment. We live on the same planet and need to coexist in harmony.

The Place4papers experts created a list of persuasive speech topics about animals. These ideas reflect modern trends.

Take a look!

Are you interested in the current labor market or want to improve various business mechanisms?

You have selected the correct section!

Here we offer you plenty of business-related ideas to discuss. These topics are about career ladders, employers vs. employees relationships, company management, etc. With good persuasive speech topics from the following list, you may create a motivational and robust paper.

Do you have an open mind and evaluate the incoming information before announcing your opinion?

That is what you are looking for:

The Bible has been translated into numerous languages worldwide. Besides, the Word of God has various interpretations. You need to be ready to argue about other religions and understand their features.

These topics allow your audience to take a look at Christianity and its reflection. Feel free to create an encouraging speech based on the ideas from the following list:

How about investigating the ideas that governments of various countries actively discuss?

So, let’s get down to business.

These topics make it possible to argue about global concepts which concern each of us. We get plenty of information about recycling, global warming, green energy, chemicals in our food, and nuclear technologies from daily news sources.

All of the following topics cover the current environmental problems. Furthermore, the response you may get from the audience can help you improve your solution to the stated issues.

John Powell quote

Would you like to talk about such a familiar yet complex part of our daily lives as food?

Keep reading, and you will get fresh ideas!

People created numerous diets, consumption etiquette, cuisines, and restrictions related to this concept. There are plenty of temporary problems that humanity should solve. Now, you may discuss these ideas by selecting one of the following persuasive speech topics about food:

Do you agree that we have something to improve in the modern world?

That’s what we have prepared for you!

Humans have come a long way towards current society. People figured out how to modify the land to make it beneficial. We invented numerous things that enhanced the quality of our lives. The social structure also got some changes. Feminism is one of them.

The concept states that all genders are socially, economically, and politically equal. You may create a feminist persuasive speech that encourages other people to think about positive improvements in society. Feel free to write the gender equality persuasive speech with the following topics:

Are you listen to music every day? How does it affect us and the surrounding world?

Think about this.

Music accompanies humanity throughout almost entire history. You may produce this phenomenon with only your body and without any tools or instruments if needed. The accessibility makes it possible to produce and spread this art all over the planet.

The cultural concept grew at the state when people were required to define music genres. That happened because it became difficult to navigate in such a wide art sphere. Pick the best persuasive speech topic about the music from the following list:

What do you think about the current political situation in your region or the entire country? Would you like to improve any government mechanisms?

Then take a look here:

We formed a list of topics about modern political life. These ideas reflect the political concepts incorporated into our lives.

You face these problems daily. Scan through the following pack of political persuasive speech topics and choose the best ideas:

What if you can analyze people’s actions from a psychological point of view?

Here’s the deal:

Today humanity has realized the necessity to increase our knowledge in psychology. It affects our lives constantly and almost everywhere. Media, grocery stores, politics, economics, and other spheres may also be evaluated from the psychological perspective.


The following topics may help you open some people’s eyes to the problems they have noticed but never thought about the significance. Here is the list of psychology persuasive speech ideas:

Do you have an account on at least one social network?

Probably, yes.

That means you have experienced its influence. People use social media as workplaces, ad platforms, portfolios, and communication tools. These web solutions occupy plenty of aspects of people’s lives. As significant and complex constructs, social networks produce negative effects.

What’s the bottom line?

The topic is complicated and interesting to discuss. Check out these persuasive speech topics on social media:

Are you an active person? Have you ever tried to motivate people to make positive changes in various aspects of human life related to sports?

Sports ended up as a huge and complex phenomenon. It includes biology, chemistry, economics, and many other spheres of knowledge.

The topic is rich in problems and possible solutions and is widely discussing. Check out the following list of ideas for the best paper:

Are you looking for unusual problems that need to be solved as soon as possible?

Check out the current section!

Our world produces plenty of uncommon issues that people may or not notice. These problems can be serious but unnoticeable because of their rarity. To help you find the best solutions, we created the following list of unusual persuasive essay topics:

What if you would like to discuss something straightforward that does not require in-depth research?

You are in the right place.

Here we put together a pack of easy persuasive speech topics. The topics from this section are precise enough for almost all age groups. Feel free to use them for training persuasive speech skills.

Are you looking for amusing ideas for your persuasive speech?

We have something to offer.

The topics from this section may create entertaining and interesting discussions. It will be more fun if you do it with a serious expression. Accompany your speech about the significance of the problem with visual materials.

However, you need to take into account that the offered solutions should really solve the issues. With some acting, the discussion may become even more exciting. Check out the following list of fun persuasive speech topics:

Are you close to finish school and proceed to the next phase of your life?

So, let’s get to business.

At this study level, you probably have a persuasive speech experience. You need this skill to be able to overcome various life challenges and convince other people of the correctness of your ideas. To master this skill, you may need some fresh serious high school persuasive essay topics to discuss.

Here they are:

Picked the best topic and would like to turn it into a good persuasive speech?

Then let’s go.

For a smoother writing process, define three main points before you start the speech creation. Here is the basic structure of this type of text:

Persuasive Speech Structure

‘Let’s dive into the details:

The introduction allows the audience to understand whether your topic is interesting and convincing enough. The greeting (the first element of the introduction) does not require anything special. It can be like: “Good day. My name is Simon.”

Then, you need a hook sentence that grabs attention. It can be humorous if the instructor allows that. For example, your topic is: “Active lifestyle is good for human health.” These are possible hooks:

For a more compelling hook sentence, you may provide some supporting links to the appropriate scientific studies to credible sources. You grabbed attention and are ready to proceed to the next step.

And here it is:

The issue definition allows you to announce the problem. Check out the following example:

Issue Definition Example

As you may notice, the sentence includes all three main points, does not repeat the topic, and states the problem.

What is next?

Do not forget to announce the solution . You need to include this part in the introduction. It finalizes the initial image of the future discussion. Besides, this text prepares the audience for the information in the text’s body. The section can be the following:

Solution Announcement Example

The solution announcement reveals the structure of the main discussion. However, it does not provide any details which you put in the body of your speech. In the example, we added the main points to the issue definition. You may omit them in the introduction. Provide solutions in general terms, and discuss the main points in the speech body.

Check it out!

There are three paragraphs in the body section. Usually, they have a similar structure and include one main point, supporting evidence, and transition sentence for each. With this last passage, you keep the speech flow.

Here you may take a look at possible paragraphs:

These are three body paragraphs that include main points. They provide supporting pieces of evidence/solutions and transition sentences. It is also necessary to add references to credible sources that prove the provided information.

The conclusion includes the summary and final statement:

Knowing that the conclusion of the example speech can be the following:

Speech Conclusion Example

The Place4papers team appreciates you for reading this detailed article. Here you found plenty of ideas for a strong persuasive speech.

The persuasive speech tips include the following sections:

Feel free to use these well-structured tips as a basis for a new and motivating discussion.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

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Unit 4- area of study 2- presenting argument  sac- oral presentations.

What are your chances of acceptance?

Calculate for all schools, your chance of acceptance, your chancing factors, extracurriculars, next step: add more factors to complete chancing.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

112 Persuasive Speech Topics That Are Actually Engaging

What’s covered:, how to pick an awesome persuasive speech topic, 112 engaging persuasive speech topics, tips for preparing your persuasive speech.

Writing a stellar persuasive speech requires a carefully crafted argument that will resonate with your audience to sway them to your side. This feat can be challenging to accomplish, but an engaging, thought-provoking speech topic is an excellent place to start.

When it comes time to select a topic for your persuasive speech, you may feel overwhelmed by all the options to choose from—or your brain may be drawing a completely blank slate. If you’re having trouble thinking of the perfect topic, don’t worry. We’re here to help!

In this post, we’re sharing how to choose the perfect persuasive speech topic and tips to prepare for your speech. Plus, you’ll find 112 persuasive speech topics that you can take directly from us or use as creative inspiration for your own ideas!

Choose Something You’re Passionate About

It’s much easier to write, research, and deliver a speech about a cause you care about. Even if it’s challenging to find a topic that completely sparks your interest, try to choose a topic that aligns with your passions.

However, keep in mind that not everyone has the same interests as you. Try to choose a general topic to grab the attention of the majority of your audience, but one that’s specific enough to keep them engaged.

For example, suppose you’re giving a persuasive speech about book censorship. In that case, it’s probably too niche to talk about why “To Kill a Mockingbird” shouldn’t be censored (even if it’s your favorite book), and it’s too broad to talk about media censorship in general.

Steer Clear of Cliches

Have you already heard a persuasive speech topic presented dozens of times? If so, it’s probably not an excellent choice for your speech—even if it’s an issue you’re incredibly passionate about.

Although polarizing topics like abortion and climate control are important to discuss, they aren’t great persuasive speech topics. Most people have already formed an opinion on these topics, which will either cause them to tune out or have a negative impression of your speech.

Instead, choose topics that are fresh, unique, and new. If your audience has never heard your idea presented before, they will be more open to your argument and engaged in your speech.

Have a Clear Side of Opposition

For a persuasive speech to be engaging, there must be a clear side of opposition. To help determine the arguability of your topic, ask yourself: “If I presented my viewpoint on this topic to a group of peers, would someone disagree with me?” If the answer is yes, then you’ve chosen a great topic!

Now that we’ve laid the groundwork for what it takes to choose a great persuasive speech topic, here are over one hundred options for you to choose from.

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia

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Do Your Research

A great persuasive speech is supported with plenty of well-researched facts and evidence. So before you begin the writing process, research both sides of the topic you’re presenting in-depth to gain a well-rounded perspective of the topic.

Understand Your Audience

It’s critical to understand your audience to deliver a great persuasive speech. After all, you are trying to convince them that your viewpoint is correct. Before writing your speech, consider the facts and information that your audience may already know, and think about the beliefs and concerns they may have about your topic. Then, address these concerns in your speech, and be mindful to include fresh, new information.

Have Someone Read Your Speech

Once you have finished writing your speech, have someone read it to check for areas of strength and improvement. You can use CollegeVine’s free essay review tool to get feedback on your speech from a peer!

Practice Makes Perfect

After completing your final draft, the key to success is to practice. Present your speech out loud in front of a mirror, your family, friends, and basically, anyone who will listen. Not only will the feedback of others help you to make your speech better, but you’ll become more confident in your presentation skills and may even be able to commit your speech to memory.

Hopefully, these ideas have inspired you to write a powerful, unique persuasive speech. With the perfect topic, plenty of practice, and a boost of self-confidence, we know you’ll impress your audience with a remarkable speech!

Related CollegeVine Blog Posts

persuasive speech topics 2022 australia


VCE English Issues: 2022 issues

Australia Day

Possible contentions:

Transgender athletes


Wages and Workers

Minumum wage

Working from home


Fuel and energy

The Climate Crisis

Australian Politics

Athletes behaving badly


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  1. How Big Is Australia?

    Australia is a massive country, with an area of approximately 2.97 million square miles and a population of approximately 23 million people as of 2014.

  2. 15 Fascinating Facts About Australia

    The land down under is a fascinating place. For many years Australia was isolated from the rest of the world. As a result, the animals and trees of Australia look and act differently than those found in other parts of the planet.

  3. Who Is the President of Australia?

    Australia, a Commonwealth country, does not have a president. The nation does have a prime minister. The prime minister of Australia is Malcolm Turnbull, the head of the Liberal Party of Australia.

  4. Oral Presentation Topics 2022

    Search for famous female figures in Australia and the struggles they had ... persuasive speech structure that will blow your audience away

  5. The Best Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023

    Top Persuasive Speech Topics on Technology · Using drones to deliver packages rather than services like UPS, Amazon, etc. · Self-driving cars: a

  6. 150 BEST Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023

    These 150 persuasive speech topics and our step-by-step guide will help you craft the ultimate speech for your audience.

  7. 180+ Engaging Persuasive Speech Topics & Ideas for 2022

    Simple Persuasive Speech Topics for Kids · 10 reasons to adopt a pet · Driving tests should be free · Technology and teenagers · Importance of

  8. Top Persuasive Speech Topics for 2023 Amazing Speeches

    Juvenile delinquency is acceptable · Prostitution should be legal · Underage driving should be punishable by law · Beauty pageants for children

  9. 200+ Unique Informative Speech Topics and Ideas 2022

    25. Australia's environmental problems. ... Persuasive Informative Speech Topics on Business.

  10. 515 Powerful Persuasive Speech Topics [2023 Update]

    Do you need a speech to inspire people, strengthen their confidence, or change their minds? Convincing skill is an essential part of a

  11. Persuasive Speech Topics Australia Related

    as well as evaluation Persuasive Speech Topics Australia Related what you like to read! 180 engaging persuasive speech topics ideas for 2022.

  12. Unit 4- Oral Presentation

    Some ideas for oral presentation issues: Implementing a sugar tax to curb Australian obesity; Rising number of assaults on paramedics and ambulance workers

  13. 112 Persuasive Speech Topics That Are Actually Engaging

    Society · Should all public restrooms be all-gender? · Should undocumented immigrants have the same employment and education opportunities as

  14. VCE English Issues: 2022 issues

    Australia Day · Transgender athletes · Vaccinations · Wages and Workers · Reconciliation · Fuel and energy · The Climate Crisis · Australian Politics.