- Book Lists by Age
- Book Lists by Category
- Reading Resources
- Language & Speech
- Raise a Reader Blog
- Back to School
- Success Guides by Grade
- Homework Help
- Social & Emotional Learning
- Activities for Kids
7 Steps to a Successful Research Report
If your child's about to tackle a big project, she can follow these simple steps to stay on track.
- Choose a topic. It should be a subject he can understand and one that interests him.
- Make a plan. Create a calendar together to map out the process.
- Check with the teacher. She should double-check the topic with her teacher.
- Conduct research and take notes. He can use a range of resources — from books, periodicals, and the Internet — to do this. Help him practice taking notes without copying word-for-word to reduce the risk of plagiarism.
- Outline the project. This will help her organize her notes and thoughts.
- Write the report. Use the outline as a road map.
- Edit and reread the report. Checking and correcting mistakes are the hallmarks of a good student.
Research Methodology Tutorial
DIFFERENT STEPS IN WRITING REPORT - Research Methodology
- Interview Question
- All Tutorials
- Practice Test
Steps in Report Writing in Research Methodology
Research reports are the product of slow, painstaking, accurate inductive work. The usual steps involved in writing report are:
- logical analysis of the subject-matter;
- preparation of the final outline;
- preparation of the rough draft;
- rewriting and polishing;
- preparation of the final bibliography; and
- writing the final draft.
Though all these steps are self explanatory, yet a brief mention of each one of these will be appropriate for better understanding.
Logical analysis of the subject matter: It is the first step which is primarily concerned with the development of a subject. There are two ways in which to develop a subject
- logically and
The logical development is made on the basis of mental connections and associations between the one thing and another by means of analysis. Logical treatment often consists in developing the material from the simple possible to the most complex structures. Chronological development is based on a connection or sequence in time or occurrence. The directions for doing or making something usually follow the chronological order.
Preparation of the final outline: It is the next step in writing the research report “Outlines are the framework upon which long written works are constructed. They are an aid to the logical organization of the material and a reminder of the points to be stressed in the report.”
Preparation of the rough draft: This follows the logical analysis of the subject and the preparation of the final outline. Such a step is of utmost importance for the researcher now sits to write down what he has done in the context of his research study. He will write down the procedure adopted by him in collecting the material for his study along with various limitations faced by him, the technique of analysis adopted by him, the broad findings and generalizations and the various suggestions he wants to offer regarding the problem concerned.
Rewriting and polishing of the rough draft: This step happens to be most difficult part of all formal writing. Usually this step requires more time than the writing of the rough draft. The careful revision makes the difference between a mediocre and a good piece of writing. While rewriting and polishing, one should check the report for weaknesses in logical development or presentation. The researcher should also “see whether or not the material, as it is presented, has unity and cohesion; does the report stand upright and firm and exhibit a definite pattern, like a marble arch? Or does it resemble an old wall of moldering cement and loose brick.” In addition the researcher should give due attention to the fact that in his rough draft he has been consistent or not. He should check the mechanics of writing—grammar, spelling and usage.
Preparation of the final bibliography: Next in order comes the task of the preparation of the final bibliography. The bibliography, which is generally appended to the research report, is a list of books in some way pertinent to the research which has been done. It should contain all those works which the researcher has consulted. The bibliography should be arranged alphabetically and may be divided into two parts; the first part may contain the names of books and pamphlets, and the second part may contain the names of magazine and newspaper articles. Generally, this pattern of bibliography is considered convenient and satisfactory from the point of view of reader, though it is not the only way of presenting bibliography. The entries in bibliography should be made adopting the following order:
For books and pamphlets the order may be as under:
- Name of author, last name first.
- Title, underlined to indicate italics.
- Place, publisher, and date of publication.
- Number of volumes.
Example Kothari, C.R., Quantitative Techniques, New Delhi, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., 1978.
For magazines and newspapers the order may be as under:
- Name of the author, last name first.
- Title of article, in quotation marks.
- Name of periodical, underlined to indicate italics.
- The volume or volume and number.
- The date of the issue.
- The pagination.
Example Robert V. Roosa, “Coping with Short-term International Money Flows”, The Banker, London, September, 1971, p. 995. The above examples are just the samples for bibliography entries and may be used, but one should also remember that they are not the only acceptable forms. The only thing important is that, whatever method one selects, it must remain consistent.
Writing the final draft: This constitutes the last step. The final draft should be written in a concise and objective style and in simple language, avoiding vague expressions such as “it seems”, “there may be”, and the like ones. While writing the final draft, the researcher must avoid abstract terminology and technical jargon. Illustrations and examples based on common experiences must be incorporated in the final draft as they happen to be most effective in communicating the research findings to others. A research report should not be dull, but must enthuse people and maintain interest and must show originality. It must be remembered that every report should be an attempt to solve some intellectual problem and must contribute to the solution of a problem and must add to the knowledge of both the researcher and the reader.
Research Methodology Interview Questions
Research Methodology Practice Tests
List of Tutorials
- Adobe Robohelp Tutorial
- Sublime Text Tutorial
- GItlab Tutorial
- Adobe InDesign CC Tutorial
- SaltStack Tutorial
List of Topics
- Eager to Learn
- Handy Tools & Techniques
- Keep the Assets Safely
- Testing is the Religion
- Interview Questions
- RTGS Interview Questions
- Private Equity Interview Questions
- Excel Formulas Interview Questions
- Job Recommendation(Latest)
Skills by Location
- Ajax Jobs In Pune
- Android Jobs In Mumbai
- Angularjs Jobs In Bangalore
- Analytics Jobs In Hyderabad
- Animation Jobs In Bangalore
- AWS Jobs In Chennai
- Blue Prism Jobs In Pune
- Bootstrap Jobs In Bangalore
- C Jobs In Hyderabad
- Cloud Jobs In Chennai
- Codeigniter Jobs In Pune
- Db2 Jobs In Mumbai
- Designer Jobs In Gurgaon
- Devops Jobs In Hyderabad
- Docker Jobs In Bangalore
- Dreamweaver Jobs In Chennai
- EMC Storage Jobs In Mumbai
- Etl Testing Jobs In Pune
- Firmware Jobs In Mumbai
- Flash Jobs In Hyderabad
- Google Cloud Jobs In Bangalore
- Google Maps Jobs In Hyderabad
- HTML Jobs In Coimbatore
- Hadoop Jobs In Hyderabad
- Informatica Jobs In Chennai
- IOS Developer Jobs In Mumbai
- Java Developer Jobs In Pune
- Jboss Jobs In Chennai
- Jenkins Jobs In Mumbai
- Joomla Jobs In Pune
- Jquery Jobs In Hyderabad
- Kpo Jobs In Kolkata
- Linux Jobs In Chennai
- Maven Jobs In Hyderabad
- MS SQL Server Jobs In Delhi
- Networking Jobs In Noida
- Oracle DBA Jobs In Kolkata
- PHP Jobs In Chennai
- Photoshop Jobs In Hyderabad
- Puppet Jobs In Bangalore
- Python Jobs In Pune
- Qlikview Jobs In Hyderabad
- Qtp Jobs In Pune
- DBMS Jobs In Hyderabad
- Red Hat Cloud Jobs In Bangalore
- RPA Jobs In Bangalore
- Salesforce CRM Jobs In Delhi
- SAP ABAP Jobs In Gurgaon
- SAP Hybris Jobs In Bangalore
- Selenium Jobs In Karnataka
- Tableau Jobs In Bangalore
- UI Developer Jobs In Bangalore
- UI Path Jobs In Noida
- Ui/Ux Jobs In Hyderabad
- VLSI Design Jobs In Chennai
- Web Services Jobs In Delhi
- Wordpress Jobs In Bangalore
- Accountant Jobs In Hyderabad
- Admin Executive Jobs In Kolkata
- Airport Jobs In Hyderabad
- Architecture Jobs In Delhi
- AutoCAD Jobs In Chennai
- Backend Jobs In Mumbai
- Back Office Jobs In Bangalore
- BPO Jobs In Chennai
- Bank Jobs In Bangalore
- Call Center Jobs In Chennai
- Civil Engineering Jobs In Chennai
- Digital Marketing Jobs In Delhi
- Driver Jobs In Delhi
- Data Entry Jobs In Bangalore
- Electrical Jobs In Chennai
- Finance Jobs In Mumbai
- Freelancer Jobs In Hyderabad
- Front Desk Jobs In Kolkata
- Faculty Jobs In Mumbai
- Hotel Jobs In Bangalore
- HR Jobs In Noida
- Logistics Jobs In Chennai
- Marketing Jobs In Mysore
- MBA Jobs In Hyderabad
- Sales Jobs In Mumbai
- Supervisor Jobs In Delhi
- Tally Jobs In Hyderabad
- Naukri Jobs
- Monster India Jobs
- Indeed Jobs
- Advanced Search
- Freshers world
- Free job alert
- Sarkari Result
- Find all Jobs
- Browse all Jobs
- Jobs By Skills
- Jobs By Designations
- Jobs By Category
Jobs By Companies
- Adani Port Careers
- Adani Power Limited Careers
- Aditi Technologies Careers
- AEGIS Careers
- Amazon Careers
- Andhra Bank Careers
- APL Logistics Careers
- Apollo Tyres Careers
- Apple Careers
- Arvind Careers
- Ashok Leyland Careers
- Asian Paints Careers
- Aurobindo Pharma Careers
- Axis Bank Careers
- Bajaj Finserv Careers
- Bharti Airtel Careers
- Bharat Petroleum Careers
- Bhushan Steel Careers
- Biocon Careers
- Birla Careers
- Blue Star Careers
- Bosch Careers
- Brigade Group Careers
- Canara Bank Careers
- Capgemini Careers
- CESC Careers
- Cipla Careers
- CTS Careers
- Convergys Careers
- Cummins Careers
- Cyient Careers
- Dell Careers
- Dewan Housing Finance Careers
- DLF Group Careers
- EBay Inc. Careers
- EMC Careers
- Exide Careers
- Federal Bank Careers
- Future Retail Careers
- GETIT Infoservices Careers
- Gitanjali Gems Careers
- Godrej Careers
- HCL Careers
- HDFC Bank Careers
- Hero Motors Careers
- Hewlett Packard Careers
- Hexaware Careers
- Hinduja Global Solutions Careers
- Hindustan Construction Careers
- HSBC Careers
- ICICI Bank Careers
- IBM Careers
- Idea Cellular Careers
- IGATE Global Solutions Careers
- Indian Oil Careers
- Indian Overseas Bank Careers
- Indusind Bank Careers
- Infosys Careers
- Ingram Micro Careers
- Intel Careers
- ITC Careers
- Jet Airways Careers
- Jindal Careers
- Jindal Stainless Careers
- JSW Steel Careers
- Kotak Mahindra Bank Careers
- Larsen & Toubro Careers
- Lupin Careers
- MPhasis Careers
- Nestle Careers
- NTPC Careers
- Oracle Careers
- Qualcomm Careers
- Quest Global Careers
- Ramco Systems Careers
- Reliance Capital Careers
- Rolta Careers
- Sitel Careers
- Sonata Software Careers
- TCS Careers
- Tata Motors Careers
- Tech Mahindra Careers
- Thirdware Careers
- Titan Industries Careers
- Tvs Motor Careers
- Xerox Careers
- Zensar Technologies Careers
- Zoho Corp Careers
- View All Companies
- Jobs in Delhi
- Jobs in Bangalore
- Jobs in Chennai
- Jobs in Mumbai
- Jobs in Pune
- Jobs in Hyderabad
- Jobs in Kolkata
- Jobs in Chandigarh
- Jobs in Gurgaon
- Jobs in Noida
- Jobs in Ahmedabad
- Jobs in Vijayawada
Jobs in Andhra Pradesh
- Jobs in Visakhapatnam
- Jobs in Tirupati
- Jobs in Guntur
- Jobs in Rajahmundry
Jobs in Assam
- Jobs in Dibrugarh
- Jobs in Guwahati
- Jobs in Silchar
- Jobs in Tezpur
Jobs in Chhattisgarh
- Jobs in Raipur
- Jobs in Raigarh
- Jobs in Korba
- Jobs in Bilaspur
Jobs in Gujarat
- Jobs in Rajkot
- Jobs in Gandhinagar
- Jobs in Surat
- Jobs in Vadodara
Jobs in Haryana
- Jobs in Ambala
- Jobs in Faridabad
- Jobs in Dharuhera
- Jobs in Hisar
Jobs in Jharkhand
- Jobs in Bokaro
- Jobs in Dhanbad
- Jobs in Jamshedpur
- Jobs in Ranchi
Jobs in Kerala
- Jobs in Trivandrum
- Jobs in Kottayam
- Jobs in Ernakulam
- Jobs in Kollam
Jobs in Karnataka
- Jobs in Bidar
- Jobs in Mysore
- Jobs in Gulbarga
- Jobs in Mangalore
Jobs in Uttarakhand
- Jobs in Dehradun
- Jobs in Haridwar
- Jobs in Kashipur
- Jobs in Pantnagar
Jobs in Madhya Pradesh
- Jobs in Bhopal
- Jobs in Indore
- Jobs in Jabalpur
- Jobs in Ujjain
Jobs in Odisha
- Jobs in Bhubaneshwar
- Jobs in Cuttack
- Jobs in Puri
- Jobs in Jharsuguda
Jobs in Rajasthan
- Jobs in Jodhpur
- Jobs in Jaipur
- Jobs in Mount Abu
- Jobs in Udaipur
Jobs in Punjab
- Jobs in Amritsar
- Jobs in Patiala
- Jobs in Rajpura
- Jobs in Mohali
Jobs in Tamil Nadu
- Jobs in Kanchipuram
- Jobs in Madurai
- Jobs in Ooty
- Jobs in Coimbatore
Jobs in Telangana
- Jobs in Nizamabad
- Jobs in Khammam
- Jobs in Karimnagar
- Jobs in Warangal
Jobs in Uttar Pradesh
- Jobs in Lucknow
- Jobs in Allahabad
- Jobs in Kanpur
- Jobs in Varanasi
Jobs in West Bengal
- Jobs in Kharagpur
- Jobs in Burdwan
- Jobs in Haldia
- Jobs in Siliguri
Jobs in Maharashtra
- Jobs in Nasik
- Jobs in Solapur
- Jobs in Navi Mumbai
- Jobs in Nagpur
Jobs in Himachal Pradesh
- Jobs in Shimla
- Jobs in Chamba
- Jobs in Dalhousie
- Jobs in Dharmasala
Jobs in Jammu Kashmir
- Jobs in Jammu
- Jobs in Srinagar
Jobs in Meghalaya
- Jobs in Shillong
Jobs in Goa
- Jobs in Panjim
- Jobs in Vasco Da Gama
Jobs in Nagaland
- Jobs in Dimapur
- Jobs in Kohima
- View All Locations
State Govt Jobs
- AP Government Jobs
- Bihar Government Jobs
- Delhi Government Jobs
- Gujarat Government Jobs
- Jharkhand Government Jobs
- Karnataka Government Jobs
- Kerala Government Jobs
- Maharashtra Government Jobs
- Orissa Government Jobs
- Punjab Government Jobs
- Rajasthan Government Jobs
- Tamilnadu Government Jobs
- Telangana Government Jobs
- UP Government Jobs
- West Bengal Government Jobs
- View All Government Jobs
- Allahabad bank Jobs
- Axis Bank Jobs
- Bank of Baroda Jobs
- Bank Of India Jobs
- Bank Of Maharashtra Jobs
- Canara Bank Jobs
- Corporation Bank Jobs
- Cosmos Bank Jobs
- Federal Bank Jobs
- HDFC Bank Jobs
- ICICI Bank Jobs
- IDBI Bank Jobs
- Karur Vysya Bank Jobs
- Reserve Bank of India Jobs
- State Bank of India Jobs
- View All Banks Jobs
- Indian Army Jobs
- Indian Air Force Jobs
- Indian Navy Jobs
- Police Jobs
- AIATSL Recruitment Jobs
- Bihar Police Recruitment Jobs
- BSF Constable Recruitment Jobs
- CISF Recruitment Jobs
- HAL Recruitment Jobs
- Manipur Police Recruitment Jobs
- MTS Air Force Jobs
- UP Police Recruitment Jobs
- View All Defence Jobs
- View All PSC
- Bihar SSC Recruitment Jobs
- SSC Central Jobs
- State Wise SSC Posts Jobs
- OSSC Recruitment Jobs
- HPSSC Recruitment Jobs
- HSSC Recruitment Jobs
- SSC Allahabad Recruitment Jobs
- SSC Assistant Grade Jobs
- SSC Constable Recruitment Jobs
- SSC ER Recruitment Jobs
- SSC Karnataka Recruitment Jobs
- SSC Kerala Recruitment Jobs
- SSC NWR Recrutment Jobs
- SSC WR Recruitment Jobs
- SSCMPR Recruitment Jobs
- View All SSC Jobs
- Central Railway Recruitment Jobs
- CLW Recruitment Jobs
- CRWC Recruitment Jobs
- DLW Recruitment Jobs
- Eastern Railway Recruitment Jobs
- Gujarat Metro Rail Recruitment Jobs
- ICRON Recruitment Jobs
- IRSDC Recruitment Jobs
- Kochi Metro Rail Recruitment Jobs
- Mumbai Metro Rail Recruitment jobs
- RRB Ahmedabad Recruitment jobs
- RRB Secunderabad Recruitment jobs
- RRC Central Railway Recruitment jobs
- RVNL Recruitment Jobs
- View All Railway Jobs
- Today walkins
- Tomorrow walkins
- Latest Walkins
- Fresher Walkins
Walkins by Skill
- Bpo Walkins In Bangalore
- Bpo Walkins In Chennai
- Bpo Walkins In Gurgaon
- Bpo Walkins In Hyderabad
- Bpo Walkins In Mumbai
- Bpo Walkins In Pune
- Dot Net Walkins In Bangalore
- Dot Net Walkins In Chennai
- Dot Net Walkins In Gurgaon
- Dot Net Walkins In Hyderabad
- Dot Net Walkins In Pune
- Java Walkins In Bangalore
- Java Walkins In Chennai
- Java Walkins In Gurgaon
- Java Walkins In Hyderabad
- Java Walkins In Kolkata
- Java Walkins In Mumbai
- Java Walkins In Pune
- Php Walkins In Bangalore
- Php Walkins In Chennai
- Php Walkins In Gurgaon
- Php Walkins In Hyderabad
- Php Walkins In Mumbai
- Php Walkins In Pune
Walkins by location
- Walkins In Ahmedabad
- Walkins In Bangalore
- Walkins In Chandigarh
- Walkins In Chennai
- Walkins In Delhi
- Walkins In Gurgaon
- Walkins In Guwahati
- Walkins In Hyderabad
- Walkins In Jaipur
- Walkins In Kanpur
- Walkins In Kolkata
- Walkins In Mumbai
- Walkins In Noida
- Walkins In Patna
- Walkins In Pune
- Walkins In Surat
- Today Walkins In Ahmedabad
- Today Walkins In Bangalore
- Today Walkins In Chandigarh
- Today Walkins In Chennai
- Today Walkins In Delhi
- Today Walkins In Gurgaon
- Today Walkins In Guwahati
- Today Walkins In Hyderabad
- Today Walkins In Jaipur
- Today Walkins In Kanpur
- Today Walkins In Kolkata
- Today Walkins In Mumbai
- Today Walkins In Noida
- Today Walkins In Patna
- Today Walkins In Pune
- Today Walkins In Surat
Walkins by Company
- Amazon Walkins In Delhi
- Google Walkins In Noida
- Google Walkins In Mumbai
- HSBC Walkins In Chennai
- HSBC Walkins In Mumbai
- HSBC Walkins In Hyderabad
- HSBC Walkins In Bangalore
- HCL Walkins In Mumbai
- HCL Walkins In Hyderabad
- HCL Walkins In Bangalore
- IBM Walkins In Bangalore
- IBM Walkins In Chennai
- IBM Walkins In Hyderabad
- Infosys Walkins In Bangalore
- Infosys Walkins In Chennai
- Infosys Walkins In Mumbai
- TCS Walkins In Bangalore
- TCS Walkins In Hyderabad
- TCS Walkins In Mumbai
- Tech Mahindra Walkins In Chandigarh
- Tech Mahindra Walkins In Chennai
- Tech Mahindra Walkins In Delhi
- Tech Mahindra Walkins In Gurgaon
- Tech Mahindra Walkins In Hyderabad
- Tech Mahindra Walkins In Noida
- Tech Mahindra Walkins In Pune
- View All Walkins
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Adobe Flex Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Adv Java Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Agile Testing Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Ajax Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Android Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Apex Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Asp.net Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Blackberry Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Bootstrap Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>C Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>C++ Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>CakePHP Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>COBOL Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Codeigniter Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Core Java Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Css3 Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Data Mining Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Drupal Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>ERP Tools Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Hadoop Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Html Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Ibm - As/400 Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>IBM Cognos Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>IOS Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>J Query Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Java Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Java Script Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>JBOSS Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>JDBC Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>JMeter Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Joomla Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Linux Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>LoadRunner Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Maven Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>MS Azure Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Mysql Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Networking Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Node.js Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>OBIEE Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>OLAP Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Oracle Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>PHP Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Python Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Qlik View Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>QTP Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>ReactJS Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Sap BI Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Sap Hr Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Scrum Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Scala Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Selenium Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>T-SQL Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Teradata Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Testing Tools Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>VSAM Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>WiMAX Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Advertising Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Artificial Intelligence Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Business Analyst Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Business Environment Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Consumer Behaviour Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions '>Critical Thinking Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Customer Relationship Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>E-commerce Concepts Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Food Resources Manual Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Forex Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Global Money Markets Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Statistics Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Hotel Front Office Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Industrial Relations Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>ITIL Configuration Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Management Hotel Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Managerial Economics Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Marketing Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Marketing Research Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Organisational Behaviour Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Payroll Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Patent Law Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Principles Of Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Principles Of Service Marketing Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Project Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Production And Operations Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Quantitative Techniques Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Quality Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Research Methodology Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Sales Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Strategic Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Working Capital Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Business Communications Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions '>Principles Of Communication Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Business Ethics Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Change Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Marketing Strategy Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions '>Sales Forecasting Tutorial
Digital Marketing Skills
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Digital Marketing Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions '>Mobile Marketing Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Pay Per Click (ppc) Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions '>Social Media Marketing Tutorial
Human Resources Skills
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Hr Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Training And Development Tutorial
Health Care Skills
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Medical Terminology(adaptive*) Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Pharmacology Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Accounts And Finance For Managers Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Business Management For Financial Advisers Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '> Financial Management Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Financial Reporting And Analysis Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Financial Services Marketing Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Modern Banking Tutorial
- Tutorial Interview Questions Practice Test '>Tally Tutorial
All Practice Tests
Resume Writing Tips
- Tips to revamp your tech resume
- 7 Step guide to post your resume online
- Challenge of Resume Preparation for Freshers
- Tips for formatting your resume
- Have a Short and Attention Grabbing Resume
- Do you have employment gaps in your resume?
- Making a great Resume: Get the basics right
- Resume Tips, Resume Advice
- How to get right job with right resume?
- How to design your resume?
- Have you ever lie on your resume? Read This
- Tips for writing resume in slowdown
- What do employers look for in a resume?
- 21 Resume tips for a killer resume
- Resume tips for techies
- 5 ways to be authentic in an interview
- Tips to help you face your job interview
- Top 10 commonly asked BPO Interview questions
- 5 things you should never talk in any job interview
- 2018 Best job interview tips for job seekers
- 7 Tips to recruit the right candidates in 2018
- 5 Important interview questions techies fumble most
- What are avoidable questions in an Interview?
- Top 4 tips to help you get hired as a receptionist
- 8 things ever to say in a job interview
- 5 Tips to Overcome Fumble During an Interview
- How to Overcome Pre-interview Jitters
- What Not to Do in a Job Interview?
- 8 Mock Interview Questions for Freshers
- How to face Telephone Interview?
- The impact of GST on job creation
- How Can Freshers Keep Their Job Search Going?
- How to Convert Your Internship into a Full Time Job?
- 5 Top Career Tips to Get Ready for a Virtual Job Fair
- Smart tips to succeed in virtual job fairs
- Why Email Marketing?
- Top 10 facts why you need a cover letter?
- 6 things to remember for Eid celebrations
- 9 ways to get succeed in job search
- 5 ways to turn your internship in a job
- 7 job search tips during Ramadan
- Top 5 GCC jobs of the future
- Most popular women in Tech History
- Blind Hiring: 2018 Recruitment trend
- 3 Golden rules to optimize your job search
- Union Budget 2018 Highlights
- Online hiring saw 14% rise in November: Report
- Hiring Activities Saw Growth in March: Report
- Attrition rate dips in corporate India: Survey
- 2016 Most Productive year for Staffing: Study
- The impact of Demonetization across sectors
- Most important skills required to get hired
- How startups are innovating with interview formats
- Does chemistry workout in job interviews?
- 15 signs your job interview is going horribly
- Overview of IT/ITes sector
- Time to Expand NBFCs: Rise in Demand for Talent
- Here's how to train middle managers
- This is how banks are wooing startups
- Nokia to cut thousands of jobs
- Our Portals :
- Canada Jobs
- South Africa Jobs
- Malaysia Jobs
- Singapore Jobs
- Australia Jobs
- New Zealand Jobs
Wisdomjobs.com is one of the best job search sites in India.
- 3,24,69,003 Resumes Uploaded
- 16,70,393 Jobs Available
- 1,32,30,521 Assessments taken
Report Writing in Research Methodology
A report is a well-written formal document that briefly describes the process and findings of a research. It outlines the systematic investigation, recommendations, and gaps that need further inquiry. A well-crafted research report tells you about all the main areas of a research process. In this article, we will talk about how to write a report in research methodology.
Importance of a report in research methodology
Below are some points that make the report crucial in research methodology:
- Knowledge transfer
A report contributes to the existing knowledge. Through this report, we can communicate effectively with the findings of the investigation.
- Identification of knowledge gaps
A research report identifies knowledge gaps that can be investigated further. The report shows what and how much has been done.
- presents information precisely
A research report makes you able to show research information in a concise and precise manner.
A report is a time-efficient document because you don’t have to spend much time detailing the findings. Rather, it is written briefly and you can send it through email to the concerned people.
Structure of a report in research methodology
You can write the report in the following structure:
The title of your research should point to the objectives, aims, and findings of your systematic investigation.
- Table of contents
The table of contents will make the readers able to navigate your research report.
In the abstract section, the reader can have an overview of the important aspects of research such as method, data collection, and findings. While writing the abstract you should follow the format of 5ws and 1H; what, where, when, who, why, and how.
You can write aims and the problems that become the cause of your research. You should also indicate whether you have achieved your objectives of the research or it requires further work.
- Literature review
In a literature review, you will write a survey that highlights existing knowledge about the research topic. In the literature review, you can present the research hypothesis and its implications.
In this portion of the investigation, write in-depth information briefly about the research process that includes methodology, data collection, sample, research subjects, and analysis.
In this portion, you are expected to show the results and findings of your systematic investigation.
Now, you will further explain the results of the research that you outlined earlier. Justify for each finding and show whether the outcomes are according to the hypothesis or not.
Finally, you will write a summary of your research in which you will talk about the whole report of research methodology.
- Reference and appendices
In this section, mention all the primary and secondary sources used during research.
Tips for writing a report in research methodology
Before writing a report in research methodology, you must create an outline of its core areas and then write its detail concisely. Below are some tips you can follow while writing a report:
- Define your audience
Always keep your audience in mind so that you can determine the tone while writing the report. If the report is for a general audience, you can present information in a simple way. While if you are writing for a particular audience, you can use field-specific or technical terms as well.
- Include significant findings
In report writing, exclude all irrelevant information and only highlight important findings and data. Just present the abridged version of the systematic investigation.
- Include illustrations
You can use illustrations and visual presentations to make your data more efficient. You can use charts, graphs, and relevant images to bring additional credibility to systematic investigation.
- Choose the right title
The title of the report should be clear and precise. It must contain keywords of your research. The title should show a clear idea of the investigation so the readers can easily grasp the focus of the research.
- Proofread the report
After completion of report writing, you must proofread and edit it wherever it needs before you publish the report. The second look will make the information valid and authentic. You can ask someone to go through your report or use any editing and proofreading software as well.
A report is a concise document that is the essence of research. So, you should be very careful while writing a report after conducting research. It should be accurate, clear, and concise. Its findings can communicate with the readers.
- Research Topics on Technical and Business Report writing
- What is research? research methodology
- What is exploratory research? research methodology
- What is descriptive research? research methodology
- What is applied research? Research methodology
- What is cross sectional research? research methodology
Have a language expert improve your writing
Run a free plagiarism check in 10 minutes, generate accurate citations for free.
- Knowledge Base
- What Is a Research Methodology? | Steps & Tips
What Is a Research Methodology? | Steps & Tips
Published on August 25, 2022 by Shona McCombes and Tegan George. Revised on January 30, 2023.
Your research methodology discusses and explains the data collection and analysis methods you used in your research. A key part of your thesis, dissertation , or research paper , the methodology chapter explains what you did and how you did it, allowing readers to evaluate the reliability and validity of your research and your dissertation topic .
It should include:
- The type of research you conducted
- How you collected and analyzed your data
- Any tools or materials you used in the research
- How you mitigated or avoided research biases
- Why you chose these methods
- Your methodology section should generally be written in the past tense .
- Academic style guides in your field may provide detailed guidelines on what to include for different types of studies.
- Your citation style might provide guidelines for your methodology section (e.g., an APA Style methods section ).
Table of contents
How to write a research methodology, why is a methods section important, step 1: explain your methodological approach, step 2: describe your data collection methods, step 3: describe your analysis method, step 4: evaluate and justify the methodological choices you made, tips for writing a strong methodology chapter, frequently asked questions about methodology.
Your methods section is your opportunity to share how you conducted your research and why you chose the methods you chose. It’s also the place to show that your research was rigorously conducted and can be replicated .
It gives your research legitimacy and situates it within your field, and also gives your readers a place to refer to if they have any questions or critiques in other sections.
Here's why students love Scribbr's proofreading services
Discover proofreading & editing
You can start by introducing your overall approach to your research. You have two options here.
Option 1: Start with your “what”
What research problem or question did you investigate?
- Aim to describe the characteristics of something?
- Explore an under-researched topic?
- Establish a causal relationship?
And what type of data did you need to achieve this aim?
- Quantitative data , qualitative data , or a mix of both?
- Primary data collected yourself, or secondary data collected by someone else?
- Experimental data gathered by controlling and manipulating variables, or descriptive data gathered via observations?
Option 2: Start with your “why”
Depending on your discipline, you can also start with a discussion of the rationale and assumptions underpinning your methodology. In other words, why did you choose these methods for your study?
- Why is this the best way to answer your research question?
- Is this a standard methodology in your field, or does it require justification?
- Were there any ethical considerations involved in your choices?
- What are the criteria for validity and reliability in this type of research ? How did you prevent bias from affecting your data?
Once you have introduced your reader to your methodological approach, you should share full details about your data collection methods .
In order to be considered generalizable, you should describe quantitative research methods in enough detail for another researcher to replicate your study.
Here, explain how you operationalized your concepts and measured your variables. Discuss your sampling method or inclusion and exclusion criteria , as well as any tools, procedures, and materials you used to gather your data.
Surveys Describe where, when, and how the survey was conducted.
- How did you design the questionnaire?
- What form did your questions take (e.g., multiple choice, Likert scale )?
- Were your surveys conducted in-person or virtually?
- What sampling method did you use to select participants?
- What was your sample size and response rate?
Experiments Share full details of the tools, techniques, and procedures you used to conduct your experiment.
- How did you design the experiment ?
- How did you recruit participants?
- How did you manipulate and measure the variables ?
- What tools did you use?
Existing data Explain how you gathered and selected the material (such as datasets or archival data) that you used in your analysis.
- Where did you source the material?
- How was the data originally produced?
- What criteria did you use to select material (e.g., date range)?
The survey consisted of 5 multiple-choice questions and 10 questions measured on a 7-point Likert scale.
The goal was to collect survey responses from 350 customers visiting the fitness apparel company’s brick-and-mortar location in Boston on July 4–8, 2022, between 11:00 and 15:00.
Here, a customer was defined as a person who had purchased a product from the company on the day they took the survey. Participants were given 5 minutes to fill in the survey anonymously. In total, 408 customers responded, but not all surveys were fully completed. Due to this, 371 survey results were included in the analysis.
- Information bias
- Omitted variable bias
- Regression to the mean
- Survivorship bias
- Undercoverage bias
- Sampling bias
In qualitative research , methods are often more flexible and subjective. For this reason, it’s crucial to robustly explain the methodology choices you made.
Be sure to discuss the criteria you used to select your data, the context in which your research was conducted, and the role you played in collecting your data (e.g., were you an active participant, or a passive observer?)
Interviews or focus groups Describe where, when, and how the interviews were conducted.
- How did you find and select participants?
- How many participants took part?
- What form did the interviews take ( structured , semi-structured , or unstructured )?
- How long were the interviews?
- How were they recorded?
Participant observation Describe where, when, and how you conducted the observation or ethnography .
- What group or community did you observe? How long did you spend there?
- How did you gain access to this group? What role did you play in the community?
- How long did you spend conducting the research? Where was it located?
- How did you record your data (e.g., audiovisual recordings, note-taking)?
Existing data Explain how you selected case study materials for your analysis.
- What type of materials did you analyze?
- How did you select them?
In order to gain better insight into possibilities for future improvement of the fitness store’s product range, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 8 returning customers.
Here, a returning customer was defined as someone who usually bought products at least twice a week from the store.
Surveys were used to select participants. Interviews were conducted in a small office next to the cash register and lasted approximately 20 minutes each. Answers were recorded by note-taking, and seven interviews were also filmed with consent. One interviewee preferred not to be filmed.
- The Hawthorne effect
- Observer bias
- The placebo effect
- Response bias and Nonresponse bias
- The Pygmalion effect
- Recall bias
- Social desirability bias
- Self-selection bias
Mixed methods research combines quantitative and qualitative approaches. If a standalone quantitative or qualitative study is insufficient to answer your research question, mixed methods may be a good fit for you.
Mixed methods are less common than standalone analyses, largely because they require a great deal of effort to pull off successfully. If you choose to pursue mixed methods, it’s especially important to robustly justify your methods.
Next, you should indicate how you processed and analyzed your data. Avoid going into too much detail: you should not start introducing or discussing any of your results at this stage.
In quantitative research , your analysis will be based on numbers. In your methods section, you can include:
- How you prepared the data before analyzing it (e.g., checking for missing data , removing outliers , transforming variables)
- Which software you used (e.g., SPSS, Stata or R)
- Which statistical tests you used (e.g., two-tailed t test , simple linear regression )
In qualitative research, your analysis will be based on language, images, and observations (often involving some form of textual analysis ).
Specific methods might include:
- Content analysis : Categorizing and discussing the meaning of words, phrases and sentences
- Thematic analysis : Coding and closely examining the data to identify broad themes and patterns
- Discourse analysis : Studying communication and meaning in relation to their social context
Mixed methods combine the above two research methods, integrating both qualitative and quantitative approaches into one coherent analytical process.
Above all, your methodology section should clearly make the case for why you chose the methods you did. This is especially true if you did not take the most standard approach to your topic. In this case, discuss why other methods were not suitable for your objectives, and show how this approach contributes new knowledge or understanding.
In any case, it should be overwhelmingly clear to your reader that you set yourself up for success in terms of your methodology’s design. Show how your methods should lead to results that are valid and reliable, while leaving the analysis of the meaning, importance, and relevance of your results for your discussion section .
- Quantitative: Lab-based experiments cannot always accurately simulate real-life situations and behaviors, but they are effective for testing causal relationships between variables .
- Qualitative: Unstructured interviews usually produce results that cannot be generalized beyond the sample group , but they provide a more in-depth understanding of participants’ perceptions, motivations, and emotions.
- Mixed methods: Despite issues systematically comparing differing types of data, a solely quantitative study would not sufficiently incorporate the lived experience of each participant, while a solely qualitative study would be insufficiently generalizable.
Remember that your aim is not just to describe your methods, but to show how and why you applied them. Again, it’s critical to demonstrate that your research was rigorously conducted and can be replicated.
1. Focus on your objectives and research questions
The methodology section should clearly show why your methods suit your objectives and convince the reader that you chose the best possible approach to answering your problem statement and research questions .
2. Cite relevant sources
Your methodology can be strengthened by referencing existing research in your field. This can help you to:
- Show that you followed established practice for your type of research
- Discuss how you decided on your approach by evaluating existing research
- Present a novel methodological approach to address a gap in the literature
3. Write for your audience
Consider how much information you need to give, and avoid getting too lengthy. If you are using methods that are standard for your discipline, you probably don’t need to give a lot of background or justification.
Regardless, your methodology should be a clear, well-structured text that makes an argument for your approach, not just a list of technical details and procedures.
Methodology refers to the overarching strategy and rationale of your research project . It involves studying the methods used in your field and the theories or principles behind them, in order to develop an approach that matches your objectives.
Methods are the specific tools and procedures you use to collect and analyze data (for example, experiments, surveys , and statistical tests ).
In shorter scientific papers, where the aim is to report the findings of a specific study, you might simply describe what you did in a methods section .
In a longer or more complex research project, such as a thesis or dissertation , you will probably include a methodology section , where you explain your approach to answering the research questions and cite relevant sources to support your choice of methods.
In a scientific paper, the methodology always comes after the introduction and before the results , discussion and conclusion . The same basic structure also applies to a thesis, dissertation , or research proposal .
Depending on the length and type of document, you might also include a literature review or theoretical framework before the methodology.
Quantitative research deals with numbers and statistics, while qualitative research deals with words and meanings.
Quantitative methods allow you to systematically measure variables and test hypotheses . Qualitative methods allow you to explore concepts and experiences in more detail.
Reliability and validity are both about how well a method measures something:
- Reliability refers to the consistency of a measure (whether the results can be reproduced under the same conditions).
- Validity refers to the accuracy of a measure (whether the results really do represent what they are supposed to measure).
If you are doing experimental research, you also have to consider the internal and external validity of your experiment.
A sample is a subset of individuals from a larger population . Sampling means selecting the group that you will actually collect data from in your research. For example, if you are researching the opinions of students in your university, you could survey a sample of 100 students.
In statistics, sampling allows you to test a hypothesis about the characteristics of a population.
Cite this Scribbr article
If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.
McCombes, S. & George, T. (2023, January 30). What Is a Research Methodology? | Steps & Tips. Scribbr. Retrieved March 7, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/methodology/
Is this article helpful?
Other students also liked, what is a theoretical framework | guide to organizing, what is a research design | types, guide & examples, qualitative vs. quantitative research | differences, examples & methods, what is your plagiarism score.
MBA Knowledge Base
Business • Management • Technology
Home » Research Methodology » Writing the Research Report
Writing the Research Report
Research Report is the major component of the research study. Report writing is the important stage in the research activity . The hypothesis of the study , the objective of the study and the data collection and data analysis can be well presented in report. This report writing will help others to understand the findings of the research . Report writing is integral part of research and hence it cannot be isolated.
Report writing is not a mechanical process but it is an art. It requires skill.
Different Steps in Report Writing:
It is the critical stage and hence it requires patience. These is no mechanical formulate to present a report, though there are certain steps to be followed while writing a research report. The usual steps in report writing can be indicated in the following manner:
- Logical analysis of subject matter.
- Preparation of final outline.
- Preparation of Rough Draft.
- Rewriting and Polishing.
- Preparation of final Bibliography.
- Writing the final draft.
It is pertinent to follow these steps and hence it is essential to understand these steps thoroughly.
(a) Logical analysis of subject matter:
When a researcher thinks of doing a research, he must select subject and topic of his research work. The subject must be of his own interest and there must be scope for further research. Such can be selected and developed logically or chronologically. He must find out mental connections and associations by way of analysis to finalize his subject. Logical treatment often consists in developing from the simple possible to the most complex strictures. He can use the deductive method or inductive method in his research work. Secondly the alternative in selecting research subject is to use chronological method. In this method, he should concentrate on the connection or sequence in time or occurrence. The directions for doing or making something usually follow the chronological method. In this method, he should concentrate on the connection or sequence in time or occurrence. The directions for doing or making something usually follow the chronological order.
(b) Preparation of final outline:
Outlines are the framework upon which long written works are constructed. It is an aid to logical organization of the material and remainder of the points to be stressed in the report. He should rely on review of literature . The earlier research works can provide basic information as well as thinking to the researcher to pursue his subject.
(c) Preparation of rough draft:
The purpose of the report is to convey to the interested persons the whole result of the study in sufficient detail and so arranged as to enable each reader to comprehend the data an so determine for himself the validity of conclusions. Taking into account this purpose of research, the research report writing has its own significance. The researcher has already collected primary data and secondary data. He has also set his objectives of the study. Taking into account the objectives his study, he should make an attempt to prepare a draft report on the basis of analysis of the data. He should prepare a procedure to be followed in report writing. He must mention the limitations of his study. He may analyze data systematically with the help of statistical methods to arrive at the conclusions. The research is fact finding study which may lead the researcher to point out suggestions or recommendations.
(d) Rewriting and Polishing the rough Draft:
Research is a continuous process. Research is not the essay writing. Researcher must consider the data, write down his findings, reconsider them, and rewrite. This careful revision makes the difference between a mediocre and a good piece of writing. The researcher must concentrate on weakness in the logical development or presentation. He should check the consistency in his presentation. He must be aware that his report writing must be of definite pattern. He must also take at most care of the language of writing a report.
This helps the researcher to collect secondary source of the data. This is also useful to review the earlier research work. He should prepare the bibliography from the beginning of his research work. While selecting a topic or subject of research, he must refer books, journals, research projects and enlist the important documents in systematic manner. The bibliography must be in proper form. The researcher must have separate cards, indicating following details, readily available with him, so that he can make a note of it while he refers to a book/journal/research report.
The bibliography must be included in the appendix of his research report. It must be exhaustive to cover all types of works the researcher has used. It must be arranged alphabetically. He can divide it in different sections, such as books in first section, journals in second, research reports in third etc. Generally the prescribed form for preparation of bibliography is as given below:
The book must be noted in following manner:
- Name of Author (Surname first).
- Title of book.
- Publisher’s name, place and data of publication.
- Number of volumes.
The article can be mentioned in following manner:
- Name of author (surname first)
- Title of article (in quotation mark)
- Name of periodical (underline it)
- The volume or volume and number
- Data of issue
- The pagination
(f) Final Report:
The final report must be written in a concise and objective style and in simple language. The researcher should avoid expressions in his report, such as “it seems”, “there may be” and like ones. He should avoid abstract terminology and technical jargon. He may refer to usual and common experiences to illustrate his point. The report writing is an art. No two researchers may have common style of report writing. But it must be interesting for a common man to add to his knowledge.
However report on scientific subject may have most technical presentation. The scientists may be familiar with technical concepts and they may find it valuable if such report is mostly technical in form.
- Observation Method of Research Data Collection
- Research Variables - Dependent and Independent Variables
- Interpretation of Research Data
- Sources of Hypothesis in Research
- Preparing a Research Report
- Social Research - Definition, Steps and Objectives
- Research Design
- Descriptive research and it's methods
- Referencing a Research Report
- The Case Method in Research
Leave a Reply Cancel reply
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed .
Activate your 30 day free trial to unlock unlimited reading.
Research methodology (2)
You are reading a preview.
Activate your 30 day free trial to continue reading.
Check these out next
Download to read offline
Preparation of research report
More Related Content
Slideshows for you (20).
Similar to Research methodology (2) (20)
Recently uploaded (20)
- 1. PREPARATION OF RESEARCH REPORT
- 2. INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH REPORT This is the last step in research process. And requires a set of skills some what different from those called for in respect of the earlier stages of research. The researcher should follow the main principal of writing a report and these principal are:- I. There should be objectivity, clarity in the presentation of ideas. II. Report should be written in a concise and objective style in simple language avoiding vague expressions. III. Charts and illustrations in the main report should be used only if they present the information more clearly . IV. Calculated confidence limits must be mentioned and the various constraints experienced in conducting research operation may as well be stated.
- 3. SIGNIFICANCE OF WRITING RESEARCH REPORT Research report is considered a major component of the research study for the research task remains incomplete till the report has been presented. As a matter of fact even the most brilliant hypothesis ,highly well designed and conducted research study ,and the most striking generalizations and findings are of little value unless they are effectively communicated to others. It means that the purpose of research is not well served unless the findings are made known to others.
- 4. LAYOUT OF REPORT THE PRELIMINARY PAGES THE MAIN TEXT THE END MATTER
- 5. THE PRELIMINARY PAGES In its preliminary pages, the report should carry title and date followed by acknowledgement and foreword then. There should be a table of contents followed by a list of tables and list of graphs and charts if any given in the report .
- 6. THE MAIN TEXT The main text of the report should have following parts:- a) INTRODUCTION:- It should contain a clear statement of the objective of the research and an explanation of the methodology adopted in accomplishing the research . b) SUMMARY OF FINDINGS :- A statement of findings and recommendation in non technical language should be there after introduction. c) MAIN REPORT:- The main body of the report should be presented in logical sequence and sections. d) CONCLUSION:- At the end of the main text,result of the research should be put clearly and precisely.
- 7. THE END MATTER At the end of the report, appendices should be enlisted in respect of all technical data . Bibliography, i.e list of books , journals, reports etc, consulted, should also be given in the end .index should also be given specially in a published research report. It means that the researcher should again put down the results of his research clearly and precisely .in fact,it is the final summing up.
- 8. STEPS IN WRITING RESEARCH REPORT LOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SUBJECT MATTER :- It is the first step which is primarily concerned with the development of a subject and there are two ways in which to develop a subject . PREPARATION OF THE FINAL OUTLINE :- Outlines are the framework upon which long written works are constructed .they are an aid to the logical organisations of the material and a reminder of the points to be stressed in the report. PREPARATION OF THE ROUGH DRAFT :- This step is of utmost importance for the now sits to write down what he has done in the context of his research study. REWRITING AND POLISHING OF THE ROUGH DRAFT:-In this the researcher should give due attention to the fact that in his rough draft he has been consistent or not .he should check the mechanics of writing grammer,spelling and ussage. PREPARATION OF THE FINAL BIBLIOGRAPHY:- The bibliography ,which is generally appended to the research report is a list of books in some way pertinent to the research which has been done.
- 9. SHOULD CONTAIN:-All those works which the researcher has consulted ,the first part may contain the names of the books and pamphlets .and the second part may contain the names of magazines and newspapers articals ,generally this part of bibliography is considered convenient and satisfactory from the point of view of reader .
- 10. Last step in writing research report WRITING THE FINAL DRAFT:- This constitutes the last step .the final draft should be written in a concise and objective style and in simple language ,avoiding vague expressions such as “it seems”, “there may be”etc. A research report should not be dull but must enthuse people and maintain interest and must show originality. It must be remembered that every report should be an attempt to solve some intellectual problem and must contribute to the solution of a problem and must add to the knowledge of both the researcher and the reader.
- 11. THANK YOU
Public clipboards featuring this slide, select another clipboard.
Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already.
You just clipped your first slide!
Create a clipboard
Get slideshare without ads, special offer to slideshare readers, just for you: free 60-day trial to the world’s largest digital library..
The SlideShare family just got bigger. Enjoy access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, and more from Scribd.
You have now unlocked unlimited access to 20M+ documents!
Learn faster and smarter from top experts
Download to take your learnings offline and on the go
Instant access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, podcasts and more.
Read and listen offline with any device.
Free access to premium services like Tuneln, Mubi and more.
Help us keep SlideShare free
It appears that you have an ad-blocker running. By whitelisting SlideShare on your ad-blocker, you are supporting our community of content creators.
Choose a topic. It should be a subject he can understand and one that interests him. · Make a plan. Create a calendar together to map out the process. · Check
Research reports are the product of slow, painstaking, accurate inductive work. The usual steps in writing report are logical analysis of the subject
Steps in Report Writing in Research Methodology · logical analysis of the subject-matter; · preparation of the final outline; · preparation of the rough draft;
1. Decide on terms of reference · 2. Conduct your research · 3. Create a report outline · 4. Write the first draft · 5. Analyze data and record
A report is a well-written formal document that briefly describes the process and findings of a research. It outlines the systematic investigation
What Is a Research Methodology? | Steps & Tips · Step 1: Explain your methodological approach · Step 2: Describe your data collection methods.
o To communicate a research process clearly and simply o To give logical structure to the methods, results and findings of research.
Different Steps in Report Writing: · Logical analysis of subject matter. · Preparation of final outline. · Preparation of Rough Draft. · Rewriting and Polishing.
Writing a Research Report. Writing Centre Learning Guide. As a university student you may be required to write a variety of reports for assessment purposes.
The researcher should follow the main principal of writing a report and these principal are:- I. There should be objectivity, clarity in the presentation of